Process Safety Technical Areas

Societal Risk Criteria and Pipelines

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Wednesday, April 4, 2012 - 12:00am
The discussion of societal risk criteria for the process industry began in the 1970's, led primarily by the Dutch and British governments. Most of...

Process safety status in China

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Wednesday, April 4, 2012 - 12:00am
Process safety status in China

Taking a Risk for Safety

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, April 3, 2012 - 12:00am
Taking a Risk for Safety Over the last twenty years companies in the process industries have invested heavily in their occupational safety programs...

Maintain Safety Excellence in Laboratory Test Facilities

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, April 3, 2012 - 12:00am
Our laboratory contains calorimeters to characterize reactive chemical hazards and multiple different instruments to characterize both dust and gas/...

Identification of Process Hazards in Laboratories and Pilot Plants

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, April 3, 2012 - 12:00am
The focus of most laboratory experiments and piloting operations is the development of a new, innovative chemical process or the improvement of an...

Fire From Iron

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, April 3, 2012 - 12:00am
Although the potential consequences of combustible dust explosions are becoming more widely known, the potential consequences of combustible dust...

Using Alarms As a Layer of Protection

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, April 3, 2012 - 12:00am
Alarms and operator response are one of the first layers of protection in preventing a plant upset from escalating into a hazardous event. This...

Hydrogen Membrane Technology for Ethylene Production

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, April 3, 2012 - 12:00am
HYDROGEN TRANSPORT MEMBRANE TECHNOLOGY FOR ETHYLENE PRODUCTION U. (Balu) Balachandran, T. H. Lee, C. Y. Park, and S. E. Dorris Energy Systems...

How to Structure a Basic Care Strategy for Rotating Equipment

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, April 2, 2012 - 12:00am
Do your operators and management know the real health of your machinery?. Do they depend too much on the alarm notification of the abnormal condition...

ìWell the Team Has Met and Completed the PHAÖ.Now What?î

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, April 2, 2012 - 12:00am
Learning from the experiences and expertise of others has long been recognized as a valued process when completing PHAs. The gathering of a multi-...

The CCPS Reactivity Evaluation Software Tool

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, April 2, 2012 - 12:00am
Incidents involving uncontrolled chemical reactions continue to result in injuries, fatalities and economic loss and harm in industry. These...

Human Factors and Their Optimization

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, April 2, 2012 - 12:00am
Weak control of human factors leads directly to error. An error can result in an initiating event of an accident sequence (directly by the mistake...

Prediction of Corrosion in Pipes

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, April 2, 2012 - 12:00am
ABSTRACT AIChE Spring 2012 Meeting Prediction of Corrosion in Pipes Sally Nicola, Victor Carreto, Ray A. Mentzer, M. Sam Mannan Mary Kay O'Connor...

Implementation of a Highly Toxic Materials Management Program

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, April 2, 2012 - 12:00am
Process Safety Management (PSM) is defined as the application of management systems and controls (programs, procedures, audits, evaluations) to a...

Explosion Hazards of Multicomponent Combustible Gas Mixtures

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, April 2, 2012 - 12:00am
Laminar and turbulent premixed flame burning velocities are two parameters that are sometimes needed to evaluate explosion hazards. There is ample...

PSM Metrics Impact on Process Safety Culture

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 15, 2011 - 8:00pm
Several years ago our facility recognized the need to expand from a PSM Program managed by a small group to a PSM Culture owned by the full facility...

Methods for Precluding the Existence of a Dust-Explosion Hazard

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 14, 2011 - 8:00pm
The "generic" standard for preventing fires and explosions involving combustible dusts is the National Fire Protection Association publication NFPA...

Making Existing Process Plants Inherently Safer

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 14, 2011 - 8:00pm
Making process plants inherently safer has obvious advantages and is easiest to do when designing a new plant. Modification of existing plants to...

It's People, Stupid! Human Factors In Incident Investigation

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 14, 2011 - 8:00pm
People have inherent strengths and weaknesses which can affect their performance. Issues such as fatigue, emotional stress, and motivation can...

A Key Factor In Hazardous Processes: Safety Culture

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 14, 2011 - 8:00pm
The significance of Safety Culture is becoming increasingly recognized as a key factor to achieve the safe operation of hazardous processes. This...

Implementation of PSM In Capital Projects

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 14, 2011 - 8:00pm
It is critical to embed Process Safety Management in the capital project system to help achieve a safe start-up. This is the foundation for assuring...

LOPA – Validating Human IPLs and Ies

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 14, 2011 - 8:00pm
Layer of Protection Analysis (LOPA) is a simplified risk assessment method that provides an order of magnitude estimate of the risk of a potential...

Inherent Safety In Front End Engineering

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 14, 2011 - 8:00pm
The best time to apply the principles of inherent safety is during the early stages of a design. In particular it is at the early stages that the ?...

Human Performance Training

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Sunday, March 13, 2011 - 8:00pm
Operator competency has been a major challenge for the petrochemical and refining industry for decades. In recent times, human factors are believed...

The UK Experience In Managing Risks Arising From Human Error

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Sunday, March 13, 2011 - 8:00pm
Following the Piper Alpha incident in the North Sea, both offshore and onshore Oil and Gas operators in the UK were required under the COMAH (Control...

Using LOPA for Sil Assignment: A Tale of Two Plants

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Sunday, March 13, 2011 - 8:00pm
Two plants operated by the same company have ?identical? ammonium nitrate (AN) solution pump installations. Yet the LOPA teams concluded that the...

Kinetic Modeling of the Reactions Involved in the T2 Explosion

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Sunday, March 13, 2011 - 8:00pm
The runaway reaction at the chemical preparation facility called T2 laboratories in Jacksonville, Florida on December 19, 2007 is analyzed. The...

Improvement of BLEVE Overpressure Method Using Historical Data

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Sunday, March 13, 2011 - 8:00pm
The current CCPS/TNO's BLEVE (Boiling Liquid Expanding Vapor Explosion) overpressure methodology is derived from that published by Baker in 1975...

Modification of Risk Using Barrier Methodology

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 23, 2010 - 8:00pm
Risk assessments use frequency data mostly from generic sources, typically from the North Sea offshore environment or from process facility records...

Condensation Induced Water Hammer: Principles and Consequences

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 23, 2010 - 8:00pm
An explosion occurred in the boiler room of a food processing plant as the steam generation system was coming online after a maintenance shutdown...

Evaluating Human Response to an Alarm for LOPA or Safety Studies

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 23, 2010 - 8:00pm
Many LOPA scenarios have an independent protection layer (IPL) credit for operator intervention to prevent or mitigate the scenario. It is often...

Imperial Sugar Refinery Combustible Dust Explosion Investigation

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 23, 2010 - 8:00pm
On February 7, 2008, at about 7:15 p.m., a series of sugar dust explosions at the Imperial Sugar manufacturing facility in Port Wentworth, Georgia,...

A Framework for Human Error Analysis of Emergency Situations

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 23, 2010 - 8:00pm
Human factors play an important role in the escape, evacuation and rescue process. Human factors analysis is rooted in the concept that the frequency...

Elements of Human Factors Missing from Process Safety

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 23, 2010 - 8:00pm
Process safety is about controlling risk of failures and errors; controlling risk is primarily about reducing the risk of human error. All elements...

Property Insurance Company Evaluation of Combustible Dust Hazards

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 22, 2010 - 8:00pm
This paper will discuss some of the key factors that FM Global insurance engineering representatives use in evaluating combustible dust hazards at...

Consequence Modeling of Chlorine Release

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 22, 2010 - 8:00pm
This paper describes the Consequence Modeling of Chlorine release from a Chlor Alkali plant as a part of Process Hazard Analysis. The objective was...

Modeling Small Releases from Tanks

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 22, 2010 - 8:00pm
The methodologies in the chapter on “Dispersion Modeling” in the CCPS book Guidelines for Consequence Analysis of Chemical Releases, provide means...

Atmospheric Storage Tank Explosion Modeling

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 22, 2010 - 8:00pm
Many flammable products are usually stored in large vessels at atmospheric pressure. Ignition of an hydrocarbon-air mixture in such tanks can lead to...

Lifecycle Physical Hazards of Polystyrene Foam Board

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Sunday, March 21, 2010 - 8:00pm
Polymer Foam Boards have been widely used for individual home and general building, from roofs and/or walls down to foundation, for example. On the...

Instrumented Protective Systems for Distillation Operations

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Sunday, March 21, 2010 - 8:00pm
Distillation is one of the most common unit operations in the chemical processing industry. Using relative volatility as a means of separating...

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