Elements of Process Safety

Opportunities and Challenges for Advanced Biofuel Industry

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, April 3, 2012 - 12:00am
Biofuels have been criticized for leading to rise in food costs. Advanced biofuels steer clear of this controversy as they are produced mostly from...

Eliminating Difficult Start Ups with State Based Controls

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, April 3, 2012 - 12:00am
Some processes are just difficult to start up. Every year, significant production is lost due to start up delays, product quality issues after...

Implementation of a Highly Toxic Materials Management Program

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, April 2, 2012 - 12:00am
Process Safety Management (PSM) is defined as the application of management systems and controls (programs, procedures, audits, evaluations) to a...

Human Factors and Their Optimization

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, April 2, 2012 - 12:00am
Weak control of human factors leads directly to error. An error can result in an initiating event of an accident sequence (directly by the mistake...

The US Chemical Safety Board and Inherently Safer Technology

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, April 2, 2012 - 12:00am
The United State (US) Chemical Safety Board (CSB) was created by the same legislation that mandated the regulation of high hazard industries by the...

Prediction of Corrosion in Pipes

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, April 2, 2012 - 12:00am
ABSTRACT AIChE Spring 2012 Meeting Prediction of Corrosion in Pipes Sally Nicola, Victor Carreto, Ray A. Mentzer, M. Sam Mannan Mary Kay O'Connor...

Improving the Performance of Established PSM Programs

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, April 2, 2012 - 12:00am
Many facilities have now implemented and maintained PSM programs for 20 years or more, but these facilities continue to have sometimes serious...

Explosion Hazards of Multicomponent Combustible Gas Mixtures

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, April 2, 2012 - 12:00am
Laminar and turbulent premixed flame burning velocities are two parameters that are sometimes needed to evaluate explosion hazards. There is ample...

Management of Change: Quality Implementation and Performance

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, April 2, 2012 - 12:00am
It is often said that the only thing which is permanent in this world is change. In the process industry, as elsewhere, change is a main lever for...

ìWell the Team Has Met and Completed the PHAÖ.Now What?î

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, April 2, 2012 - 12:00am
Learning from the experiences and expertise of others has long been recognized as a valued process when completing PHAs. The gathering of a multi-...

Are Your Credits Worthy?

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, April 2, 2012 - 12:00am
Chemical and petrochemical manufacturing processes can be subject to high consequence, low frequency events. Process Safety Management programs are...

How to Structure a Basic Care Strategy for Rotating Equipment

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, April 2, 2012 - 12:00am
Do your operators and management know the real health of your machinery?. Do they depend too much on the alarm notification of the abnormal condition...

Retired and Dangerous

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, April 2, 2012 - 12:00am
“Planning not to retire is simply not a viable retirement strategy.” — Catherine Collinson, Transamerica Center for Retirement Studies The Hazard...

The CCPS Reactivity Evaluation Software Tool

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, April 2, 2012 - 12:00am
Incidents involving uncontrolled chemical reactions continue to result in injuries, fatalities and economic loss and harm in industry. These...

Avoiding Common PHA Mistakes

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, April 2, 2012 - 12:00am
OSHA's National Emphasis Program (NEP) on refineries has concluded. The two most cited elements of the Process Safety Management standard (PSM - 1910...

Safety System Impairments and the Need to Manage Peak Risk

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, April 2, 2012 - 12:00am
The catastrophic incident which occurred at Bhopal is often referenced with respect to inherent safety issues. Did intermediate chemicals need to be...

The Challenge to Implement and Maintain An Effective PSM Program

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 15, 2011 - 8:00pm
While researching to develop responses to help a client respond to OSHA citations, we discovered a presentation to the same industry segment from...

An Update on OSHA's PSM National Emphasis Programs

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 15, 2011 - 8:00pm
Since 2007, OSHA has initiated two major National Emphasis Programs (NEPs) in process safety. The Petroleum Refinery Process Safety Management NEP (...

Good Engineering Practices - Inspection and Test Frequencies

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 15, 2011 - 8:00pm
The "Process Safety Management" standard of the Occupational Safety and Health Act [OSHA] requires that "The frequency of inspections and tests of...

PSM Metrics Impact on Process Safety Culture

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 15, 2011 - 8:00pm
Several years ago our facility recognized the need to expand from a PSM Program managed by a small group to a PSM Culture owned by the full facility...

A Key Factor In Hazardous Processes: Safety Culture

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 14, 2011 - 8:00pm
The significance of Safety Culture is becoming increasingly recognized as a key factor to achieve the safe operation of hazardous processes. This...

Inherent Safety In Front End Engineering

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 14, 2011 - 8:00pm
The best time to apply the principles of inherent safety is during the early stages of a design. In particular it is at the early stages that the ?...

Management of Change (MOC) Basics for Plant Engineers

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 14, 2011 - 8:00pm
The essentials of Management of Change (MOC) for plant engineers will be presented. The meaning of MOC will be explained and its central role in safe...

Specifying Reliability Performance to Meet PSM Expectations

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 14, 2011 - 8:00pm
Process Hazard Analysis (PHA) and Mechanical Integrity (MI) programs are two of the fourteen elements that the Process Safety Management (PSM)...

Methods for Precluding the Existence of a Dust-Explosion Hazard

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 14, 2011 - 8:00pm
The "generic" standard for preventing fires and explosions involving combustible dusts is the National Fire Protection Association publication NFPA...

Making Existing Process Plants Inherently Safer

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 14, 2011 - 8:00pm
Making process plants inherently safer has obvious advantages and is easiest to do when designing a new plant. Modification of existing plants to...

It's People, Stupid! Human Factors In Incident Investigation

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 14, 2011 - 8:00pm
People have inherent strengths and weaknesses which can affect their performance. Issues such as fatigue, emotional stress, and motivation can...

Incident Investigation- Addressing Common Oversights

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 14, 2011 - 8:00pm
Principles of incident investigation may be used in daily process troubleshooting and near miss events to identify root cause. Identifying and...

How to Develop Effective Safety Training? A Lifecycle Approach

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 14, 2011 - 8:00pm
Safety training is one of the most important tools for upgrading the safety level and for minimizing the likelihood and the consequences of accidents...

Implementation of PSM In Capital Projects

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 14, 2011 - 8:00pm
It is critical to embed Process Safety Management in the capital project system to help achieve a safe start-up. This is the foundation for assuring...

LOPA – Validating Human IPLs and Ies

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 14, 2011 - 8:00pm
Layer of Protection Analysis (LOPA) is a simplified risk assessment method that provides an order of magnitude estimate of the risk of a potential...

Using LOPA for Sil Assignment: A Tale of Two Plants

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Sunday, March 13, 2011 - 8:00pm
Two plants operated by the same company have ?identical? ammonium nitrate (AN) solution pump installations. Yet the LOPA teams concluded that the...

Kinetic Modeling of the Reactions Involved in the T2 Explosion

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Sunday, March 13, 2011 - 8:00pm
The runaway reaction at the chemical preparation facility called T2 laboratories in Jacksonville, Florida on December 19, 2007 is analyzed. The...

Human Performance Training

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Sunday, March 13, 2011 - 8:00pm
Operator competency has been a major challenge for the petrochemical and refining industry for decades. In recent times, human factors are believed...

Quantitative Models for Assessing MOC Performance

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Sunday, March 13, 2011 - 8:00pm
The safety community, bolstered by the PSM regulations, has emphasized the importance of proper management of change to ensure safe, reliable and...

Improvement of BLEVE Overpressure Method Using Historical Data

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Sunday, March 13, 2011 - 8:00pm
The current CCPS/TNO's BLEVE (Boiling Liquid Expanding Vapor Explosion) overpressure methodology is derived from that published by Baker in 1975...

The UK Experience In Managing Risks Arising From Human Error

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Sunday, March 13, 2011 - 8:00pm
Following the Piper Alpha incident in the North Sea, both offshore and onshore Oil and Gas operators in the UK were required under the COMAH (Control...

Management of Change (MOC) Auditing System

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Sunday, March 13, 2011 - 8:00pm
Our company has discovered that regular auditing of the MOC process is essential to enforcing its proper use. We have developed an audit that can be...

Process Safety Performance Tool

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Sunday, March 13, 2011 - 8:00pm
The process safety management in a petrochemical company is a key factor for sustainability, since intends to prevent or minimize the consequences of...

A Framework for Human Error Analysis of Emergency Situations

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 23, 2010 - 8:00pm
Human factors play an important role in the escape, evacuation and rescue process. Human factors analysis is rooted in the concept that the frequency...

Elements of Human Factors Missing from Process Safety

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 23, 2010 - 8:00pm
Process safety is about controlling risk of failures and errors; controlling risk is primarily about reducing the risk of human error. All elements...

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