Elements of Process Safety

The four pillars and the twenty elements of risk based process safety can be designed and implemented at varying levels of rigor to optimize process safety management, performance, efficiency, and effectiveness.

A Career in Process Safety: 50 Years of LPS

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 11, 2016
Drawing from a career from 1962 through 2016 in the chemical and process industries, this paper will describe some informal practices of process...

Making Process Safety Personal - Engaging the Front Line

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 11, 2016
The front line is instrumental in implementing process safety, Yet they are rarely engaged in meaningful process safety discussions. We tend to...

Beyond HAZOP and LOPA - Four Different Company Approaches

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 11, 2016
Stepping Beyond HAZOP and LOPA J. Wayne Chastain, P.E. Eastman Chemical Company P.O. Box 511 B-18 Kingsport, TN 37662 (423) 224-0553 chastain@eastman...

Bhopal 30 Years Later

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 29, 2015
On the early morning of December 3rd 1984 a large release of methyl isocyanate (MIC) gas occurred in a pesticide production plant located in Bhopal,...

Fire from the Cascading Failure of an Oxygen Supply System

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 29, 2015
This paper discusses the investigation, findings, and root cause analysis of a fire due to the loss of oxygen containment in an ethylene oxide...

Planning Early for Compressor Surge Avoidance

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 29, 2015
Compressor stations are installed at regular interval to drive the flow of gas in a pipeline. The principal component of the compressor station is...

CFD Modeling of Air Emissions from Controlled Flare Tests

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 29, 2015
Although significant progress has been made in developing technologies capable of measuring flare efficiencies and emissions in situ, essential...

Refinery Power Outages-Caues, Costs & Solutions

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 28, 2015
Unplanned refinery shutdowns hit company earnings two ways: lost production and potential liabilities for excess flaring and unsafe operations. In...

Mercury Removal in Ethylene Plants: An Update and a Case Study

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 28, 2015
Ethylene producers have faced the challenge of feedstock contaminants for decades. Mercury is one of the contaminants often present in ethylene plant...

Cracking Furnace Line Flushing Pre-Commissioning

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 28, 2015
The abundance of low cost shale gas has led to numerous projects in North America to expand existing or construct new ethylene production units. Most...

Case Study on SMALL-Scale LNG Facility Expansion

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 28, 2015
With the influx of natural gas production throughout the United States, the small-scale LNG market is growing at a rapid pace. One option to take...

Huaa...When Local Learning and Casual Sharing Is Not Enough

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 28, 2015
As a consequence of the Deepwater Horizon blowout and explosion, Bhopal and Piper Alpha, we have the PSM standard and SEMS rule. This helps ensure...

Consequence Modeling of Dynamic Source Terms

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 28, 2015
While several dispersion modeling tools provide modeling tools for static situations, it is challenging to model conditions when there are several...

Modelling Liquid Fuel Cascades with Open Foam

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 28, 2015
Modelling Liquid Fuel Cascades with OpenFoam M. Macchi1, J.X. Wen2*, K. Volkov1 and Y. Chung2 1Centre for Fire and Explosion Studies, Kingston...

Auditing Relief Systems Design Basis - Best Practices

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 28, 2015
Auditing Relief Systems Design Basis - Best Practices Ever since OSHA implemented their National Emphasis Program in 2007, facility’s pressure relief...

The Four Pillars of Industrial Energy Efficiency

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 27, 2015
Opportunities to improve plant performance and thus enhance energy efficiency across the CPI fall into four main categories: operational improvements...

CFD Modeling of LNG Spreading and Atmospheric Dispersion

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 27, 2015
LNG release, spreading and vaporization lead to the formation of a flammable vapor cloud with high VCE risk. NFPA 59A Standard for the Production,...

CFD Modeling of Large Scale LNG Pool Fires

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 27, 2015
The computational fluid dynamics modeling tool FLACS has been widely used for detailed consequence modeling of flamable vapor dispersion and vapor...

Understanding Gas Blowby Scenario Calculations

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 27, 2015
Gas blowby overpressure scenarios are routinely identified when analyzing vessels with liquid-level inlet control valves. Blowby can occur when this...

Eli Lilly PSM Implementation Case Study

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 27, 2015
Eli Lilly and Company (a global pharmaceutical firm) undertook an initiative to implement a Process Safety Management Program Globally at...

Reliability: The Next Revolution in Process Manufacturing

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 27, 2015
David Rosenthal, PE, CMRP is a Reliability Consultant representing his Reliability Strategy and Implementation Consultancy LLC firm. He previously...

Automation Solutions for Processing Light Tight (Shale) Oil

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 2, 2014
Opportunity crudes from shale are more readily available in North America with incentives on cost. However, these typically lighter crude oils don’t...

Molecular Modeling of Naphtha Catalytic Reforming

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 2, 2014
Molecular Modelling of Naphtha Catalytic Reforming Catalytic reforming is one of the most important refinery processes providing high octane number...

Relief Systems Design: Simplifying Assumptions Gone Wrong

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 2, 2014
The process of evaluating an entire facility’s relief and flare systems design can be extremely time consuming and costly. In most cases, simplifying...

Equations for Flammability Parameters, Pmax and KG

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 2, 2014
The maximum pressure of gas combustion, P max , and the deflagration index, K G ,are very important flammability parameters that are used for risk...

Perspectives on Ragagep

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 2, 2014
Recognized and Generally Accepted Good Engineering Practice or RAGAGEP is a fundamental building block of OSHA's PSM standard. OSHA has announced...

Impact of DDT on FPSO Explosion Risk Assessment

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 2, 2014
In recent explosion accidents on onshore petrochemical facilities, it has been concluded that a deflagration-to-detonation-transition (DDT) took...

Ethylene Decomposition: A Review

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 2, 2014
Under conditions of high pressure and temperature, ethylene can decompose to methane and carbon. This highly exothermic reaction, once initiated, is...

Walk the Line

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 2, 2014
Walk the Line Jerry Forest Global Process Safety Manager Celanese 225 E. John Carpenter Freeway Suite 1200 Dallas, TX 75234 (214) 417-1920 Jerry...

Hurricane Ike Recovery - Electrical & Instrument Systems

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 2, 2014
On September 13, 2008 Hurricane Ike struck the Texas-Louisiana Coast causing severe damage to local chemical plant facilities and communities. This...

Engaging Senior Management In Process Safety: A Case History

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 2, 2014
Traditional PowerPoint style presentations are good for transferring information but were not found to be an effective medium for engaging senior...

Risk Adverse or Risk Ad Nauseam

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 2, 2014
The use of risk management techniques and tools has become more common place in the past few decades, but have we really learned how to use them...

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