Elements of Process Safety

The four pillars and the twenty elements of risk based process safety can be designed and implemented at varying levels of rigor to optimize process safety management, performance, efficiency, and effectiveness.

Ignition of Dust Layers by Mechanical Sparks

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 14, 2011 - 8:00pm
Dust explosions represent a considerable safety risk in process industry. Statistical records of dust explosions show that 32.7 % of these explosions...

Inherently Safer Design – Not Only about Reducing Consequences!

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 14, 2011 - 8:00pm
Process risk is a function of both the likelihood of occurance of an incident, and of the consequences of the incident. There is a common perception...

A Work Process for Revalidating LOPAs and Other Risk Analyses

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 14, 2011 - 8:00pm
The Chemical Process Industry (CPI) has long recognized the necessity of periodically revalidating Process Hazard Analyses (PHAs), such as Hazard and...

Systematic Workforce Involvement In Process Safety

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 14, 2011 - 8:00pm
Workforce involvement is an essential element of effective process safety management. This paper will describe proven methods of workforce...

Portfolio Risk Management for Process Safety

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 14, 2011 - 8:00pm
A majority of PSM tools and risk methodologies are focused on risks at individual sites or process units. For example, PHA risk ranking matrices are...

Can Functional Testing Be Replaced by Inspection After Demands?

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 14, 2011 - 8:00pm
Safety instrumented systems are used to reduce the risk of major accidents in the process industry. To claim a certain risk reduction from such...

PSM Auditing Dilemmas

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Sunday, March 13, 2011 - 8:00pm
In most PSM audits, the audit team will face one or more situations that represent a dilemma. These dilemmas usually require the individual auditor...

OSHA Refinery and Chemical NEP Findings

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 23, 2010 - 8:00pm
Since 2007, OSHA has initiated two major National Emphasis Programs (NEPs) in process safety. The Petroleum Refinery Process Safety Management NEP (...

Lessons Learned from Real World Application of the Bow-Tie Method

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 22, 2010 - 8:00pm
The benefits of using bow-tie diagrams for risk management have been realized by organizations world-wide. They provide a readily understandable...

How to Evaluate Process Safety Culture

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 22, 2010 - 8:00pm
At first glance it may seem that organizational culture is subjective and therefore difficult to measure. Indeed, even the definition of culture...

Fire Study of Melting Fiberglass Using FLUENT CFD Software

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Sunday, March 21, 2010 - 8:00pm
Thermal insulation is used in chemical plants primarily as a tool to prevent energy loss. However, if installed properly, an added benefit is that of...

Case Histories and Lessons Learned

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Wednesday, April 29, 2009 - 9:30am
Reviews of process safety incidents and near misses provide valuable learning opportunities. Papers dealing with incidents, near misses, and the...

Fire, Explosion, & Quantitative Analysis

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, April 28, 2009 - 11:30am
Fires and explosions result in the largest losses in process safety accidents. The increased sensitivity by industry, regulatory, and public sectors...

Process Safety - From the Top-Down and Bottom-up

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, April 28, 2009 - 9:30am
The theme of this session is implementing Process Safety systems from two different perspectives: (1) what Senior Management needs from process...

Implementing PSM Globally

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, April 27, 2009 - 9:30am
In the last several years there have been numerous changes in technical and analytical methods, process safety management systems, regulations,...

Applications of Lopa (Layer Of Protection Analysis)

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, April 27, 2009 - 6:00am
Layer of Protection Analysis (LOPA) continues to be a powerful and popular tool for assessing risk. This session presents papers focusing on applied...

A Century of Process Safety: Process Safety at OSHA

Conference Presentation
AIChE Annual Meeting
Monday, November 17, 2008 - 12:00pm-12:30pm
This presentation will provide a brief history of OSHA's efforts in process safety management. It will include discussion of the PSM standard and...

Assess Hazards with Process Flow Failure Modes Analysis

March
2013
Safety
Rosalynn MacGregor
Process flow failure modes (PFFM) analysis is an intuitive, process-flow-directed way to identify potentially hazardous scenarios. Learn how to apply this technique to your process hazard reviews.

Minimize Electrostatic Hazards During Process Operations

June
2013
Safety
Vahid Ebadat, Ph.D.
Understand the electrostatic hazards of your process so you can limit the accumulation of charge and prevent static discharge in flammable atmospheres. Select the appropriate combination of electrostatic mitigation measures to ensure safety from electrostatic ignition hazards.

Managing Dust Explosion Hazards

August
2009
Safety
Vahid Ebadat, Ph.D.
Companies that handle powders or other particulate solids need to be aware of the potential for fire and explosions, and follow industry best practices, codes and standards to manage the risk.

Use Hydrogen Safely

July
2013
Safety
David Farese, Svetlana Ivanova
Understand the potential dangers associated with handling and storing hydrogen, and take the appropriate precautions to mitigate the risks.

CEP: Spotlight on Safety - Discover Your Personal Process Safety Culture

February
2014
Spotlight on Safety
John Herber
Culture can be defined as a collective group of shared beliefs and values that shape how we act. We think of culture as it relates to the actions and reactions of a group, company, or society. However, it can also characterize an individual — what influences how you make day-to-day decisions or handle various situations. Personal process safety culture can be assessed by observing someone’s (yours or another person’s) response to situations involving a safety violation.

OSHA's New Chemical NEP: How to Make the Grade and Earn Extra Credit

October
2012
Safety
Heather Forgione, Henry Ozog
The Occupational Safety and Health Administration evaluates chemical facilities’ process safety management systems through a new national emphasis program. Follow these tips to reduce your risk of receiving citations, streamline the inspection process, and pave the way for future excellence.

Guidelines for Defining Process Safety Competency Requirements

October, 2015
This Guideline presents the framework of process safety knowledge and expertise versus the desired competency level in a “super-matrix” format, vertically and diagonally. The matrix references for potential remedies/required training may be tailored to a company’s internally developed training,...

Guidelines for Risk Based Process Safety

March, 2007
Guidelines for Risk Based Process Safety provides guidelines for industries that manufacture, consume, or handle chemicals, by focusing on new ways to design, correct, or improve process safety management practices.

(Chinese) Guidelines for Risk Based Process Safety

August, 2013
《基于风险的过程安全》系统介绍了CCPS新一代过程安全管理体系的架构,阐述了基于风险的过程安全管理的4大原则,详细描述了过程安全体系中的20个基本要素。

(Chinese) Guidelines for the Management of Change for Process Safety

January, 2013
《工艺安全管理:变更管理导则》的主要意图就是向读者讲述清楚变更管理系统的基本内容。变更管理系统帮助确保对装置的设计、操作、维护和机构变更等不会对雇员、公众或者环境造成不利影响。

(Chinese) Layer of Protection Analysis: Simplified Process Risk Assessment

May, 2010
保护层分析:简化的过程风险评估》系统介绍了保护层分析(LOPA)的基本原理及其发展历史,详细描述了LOPA分析的相关概念和分析过程,如场景开发、初始事件及频率、独立保护层的识别等,并使用贯穿全书的两个案例对LOPA分析的过程及要点进行了展示,有利于读者理解掌握LOPA分析的方法和要点。

Guidelines for Acquisition Evaluation and Post Merger Integration

June, 2010
It is crucial for process safety professionals to be aware of best practices for post merger integration at any level. A compilation of industry best practices from both technical and financial perspectives, this book provides a single reference that addresses acquisitions and merger integration...

Guidelines for Developing Quantitative Safety Risk Criteria

August, 2009
Written by a committee of safety professionals, this book creates a foundation document for the development and application of risk tolerance criteria. Helps safety managers evaluate the frequency, severity and consequence of human injury Includes examples of risk tolerance criteria used by NASA,...

Continuous Monitoring for Hazardous Material Releases

March, 2009
Whether occurring accidentally or through acts of terrorism, catastrophic chemical releases must be identified early in order to mitigate their consequences. Continuous sensor monitoring can detect catastrophic chemical releases early enough to curb extreme amounts of damage. In several notable...

Incidents That Define Process Safety

March, 2008
Incidents That Define Process Safety describes approximately fifty incidents that have had a significant impact on the chemical and refining industries' approaches to modern process safety. Events are described in detail so readers get a fundamental understanding of the root causes, the...

Guidelines for Safe and Reliable Instrumented Protective Systems

April, 2007
This book explains the decision-making processes for the management of instrumented protective systems (IPS) throughout a project's life cycle. It uses the new IEC 61511 standard as a basis for the work processes used to achieve safe and reliable process operation. By walking the reader through a...

Guidelines for Preventing Human Error in Process Safety

August, 2004
Almost all the major accident investigations--Texas City, Piper Alpha, the Phillips 66 explosion, Feyzin, Mexico City--show human error as the principal cause, either in design, operations, maintenance, or the management of safety. This book provides practical advice that can substantially reduce...

Guidelines for Facility Siting and Layout

August, 2003
A resource for individuals responsible for siting decisions, this guidelines book covers siting and layout of process plants, including both new and expanding facilities. This book provides comprehensive guidelines in selecting a site, recognizing and assessing long-term risks, and the optimal lay...

Guidelines for Investigating Chemical Process Incidents, 2nd Edition

March, 2003
This book provides a valuable reference tool for technical and management personnel who lead or are a part of incident investigation teams. This second edition focuses on investigating process-related incidents with real or potential catastrophic consequences. It presents on-the-job information,...

Deflagration and Detonation Flame Arresters

May, 2002
Designed for chemical engineers and other technical personnel involved in the design, operation, and maintenance of facilities and equipment where deflagration and detonation flame arresters (DDFAs) may be required, this book fosters effective application and operation of DDFAs through treatment of...

Layer of Protection Analysis: Simplified Process Risk Assessment

October, 2001
Layer of protection analysis (LOPA) is a recently developed, simplified method of risk assessment that provides the much-needed middle ground between a qualitative process hazard analysis and a traditional, expensive quantitative risk analysis. Beginning with an identified accident scenario, LOPA...

Making EHS an Integral Part of Process Design

June, 2001
This book presents an approach—termed MERITT (Maximizing EHS Returns by Integrating Tools and Talents)—for enhancing process development through better integration of environmental, health, and safety evaluations. It draws upon critical components of inherent safety, pollution prevention, green...

Revalidating Process Hazard Analyses

February, 2001
The foundation of any successful process safety program is a current set of process hazard analyses (PHAs) for each of its processes. Revalidating PHAs to keep them up to date and applicable is a must. This book is derived from the experience of many companies in the chemical and hydrocarbon...

Guidelines for Process Safety in Outsourced Manufacturing Operations

September, 2000
In today’s competitive economy, companies often augment in-house production by outsourcing chemical reaction processes and distillation, drying, formulating, blending, and packaging operations. While most of these tolling, or contracted manufacturing services, proceed without incident, recent major...

Avoiding Static Ignition Hazards in Chemical Operations

September, 1999
Written by Laurence Britton, who has over 20 years' experience in the fields of static ignition and process fire and explosion hazards research, this resource addresses an area not extensively covered in process safety standards or literature: understanding and reducing potential hazards associated...

Estimating the Flammable Mass of a Vapor Cloud

July, 1999
This CCPS Concept book shows designers and operators of chemical facilities how to realistically estimate the flammable mass in a cloud of accidentally released material that is capable of igniting. It provides information on industry experience with flammable vapor clouds, basic concepts of fires...

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