Understand Hazard & Risk

The foundation of a risk-based approach which will allow an organization to use this information to allocate limited resources in the most effective manner.

Human Factors and Their Optimization

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, April 2, 2012 - 12:00am
Weak control of human factors leads directly to error. An error can result in an initiating event of an accident sequence (directly by the mistake...

Safety System Impairments and the Need to Manage Peak Risk

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, April 2, 2012 - 12:00am
The catastrophic incident which occurred at Bhopal is often referenced with respect to inherent safety issues. Did intermediate chemicals need to be...

LOPA – Validating Human IPLs and Ies

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 14, 2011 - 8:00pm
Layer of Protection Analysis (LOPA) is a simplified risk assessment method that provides an order of magnitude estimate of the risk of a potential...

Inherent Safety In Front End Engineering

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 14, 2011 - 8:00pm
The best time to apply the principles of inherent safety is during the early stages of a design. In particular it is at the early stages that the ?...

Methods for Precluding the Existence of a Dust-Explosion Hazard

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 14, 2011 - 8:00pm
The "generic" standard for preventing fires and explosions involving combustible dusts is the National Fire Protection Association publication NFPA...

Implementation of PSM In Capital Projects

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 14, 2011 - 8:00pm
It is critical to embed Process Safety Management in the capital project system to help achieve a safe start-up. This is the foundation for assuring...

Using LOPA for Sil Assignment: A Tale of Two Plants

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Sunday, March 13, 2011 - 8:00pm
Two plants operated by the same company have ?identical? ammonium nitrate (AN) solution pump installations. Yet the LOPA teams concluded that the...

Improvement of BLEVE Overpressure Method Using Historical Data

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Sunday, March 13, 2011 - 8:00pm
The current CCPS/TNO's BLEVE (Boiling Liquid Expanding Vapor Explosion) overpressure methodology is derived from that published by Baker in 1975...

Kinetic Modeling of the Reactions Involved in the T2 Explosion

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Sunday, March 13, 2011 - 8:00pm
The runaway reaction at the chemical preparation facility called T2 laboratories in Jacksonville, Florida on December 19, 2007 is analyzed. The...

Evaluating Human Response to an Alarm for LOPA or Safety Studies

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 23, 2010 - 8:00pm
Many LOPA scenarios have an independent protection layer (IPL) credit for operator intervention to prevent or mitigate the scenario. It is often...

Modification of Risk Using Barrier Methodology

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 23, 2010 - 8:00pm
Risk assessments use frequency data mostly from generic sources, typically from the North Sea offshore environment or from process facility records...

Ensuring Consistency of Corporate Risk Criteria

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 22, 2010 - 8:00pm
The recently published CCPS text Guidelines for Developing Quantitative Safety Risk Criteria makes a strong case for corporations developing risk...

Modeling Small Releases from Tanks

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 22, 2010 - 8:00pm
The methodologies in the chapter on “Dispersion Modeling” in the CCPS book Guidelines for Consequence Analysis of Chemical Releases, provide means...

Property Insurance Company Evaluation of Combustible Dust Hazards

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 22, 2010 - 8:00pm
This paper will discuss some of the key factors that FM Global insurance engineering representatives use in evaluating combustible dust hazards at...

Atmospheric Storage Tank Explosion Modeling

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 22, 2010 - 8:00pm
Many flammable products are usually stored in large vessels at atmospheric pressure. Ignition of an hydrocarbon-air mixture in such tanks can lead to...

Instrumented Protective Systems for Distillation Operations

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Sunday, March 21, 2010 - 8:00pm
Distillation is one of the most common unit operations in the chemical processing industry. Using relative volatility as a means of separating...

LOPA – Going Down the Wrong Path

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Sunday, March 21, 2010 - 8:00pm
Layer of Protection Analysis (LOPA) has quickly gained acceptance in the Chemical Processing Industries (CPI), and has risen to be one of the leading...

HAZOP, LOPA, SIL: Be Careful What You Ask for!

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Sunday, March 21, 2010 - 8:00pm
In recent years Process Safety Engineers have promoted the use of HAZOP to identify hazards and assess safeguards, followed by LOPA to identify if...

Chronic Pain Resulting from Your Relief Device Management Systems

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Sunday, March 21, 2010 - 8:00pm
With the increasing use of Layer of Protection Analysis as a semi-quantitative method of assessing process risk, LOPA practitioners are asked to...

Is It Really an Independent Protection Layer?

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Sunday, March 21, 2010 - 8:00pm
Layer of Protection Analysis (LOPA) is a simplified chemical process risk assessment tool that is used to determine if sufficient independent...

Lifecycle Physical Hazards of Polystyrene Foam Board

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Sunday, March 21, 2010 - 8:00pm
Polymer Foam Boards have been widely used for individual home and general building, from roofs and/or walls down to foundation, for example. On the...

Consistent Consequence Severity Estimation

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Sunday, March 21, 2010 - 8:00pm
LOPA, as a semi-quantitative analysis, often provides inconsistent results. This can be due to physical differences between units but often it is due...

Quantitative Risk Assessment Case Study for Organic Acid Processes

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Sunday, March 21, 2010 - 8:00pm
Acetic acid is not a chemical covered by the OSHA PSM regulation, as its flash point is above the 100 F threshold for flammables; however, it is by...

LOPA and Human Reliability – Human Errors and Human IPLs

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Sunday, March 21, 2010 - 8:00pm
Layer of Protection Analysis (LOPA) is a simplified risk assessment method that provides an order of magnitude estimate of the risk of a potential...

Assessing the Burning Rate of Solid Oxidizers

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Sunday, March 21, 2010 - 8:00pm
A method for assigning solid oxidizers and products containing oxidizers to an NFPA Class was developed. The method consists of two reaction-to-fire...

Risk Criteria

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Wednesday, April 29, 2009 - 6:15am
The new CCPS Guidelines for Establishing Risk Criteria will be published in mid-2009. This session includes papers regarding the development and...

Managing Organizational Change

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Wednesday, April 29, 2009 - 4:00am
Management of Change has long been recognized as a fundamental cornerstone of a process safety program. Through the years, most companies have...

Food and Consumer Products Process Hazards

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, April 28, 2009 - 9:30am
The Food and Consumer Products area has significant hazards and risks from dust and flammable liquid explosions as well as from toxic releases...

Hazard Evaluations and Layer of Protection Analyses

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, April 28, 2009 - 4:00am
Process hazard analyses (PHAs) and their extension into LOPAs and Safety Integrity Level (SIL) determinations continue to be central to loss...

Tools to Identify Hazards

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, April 27, 2009 - 11:30am
Personnel involved with day-to-day plant operations maintain an important role in the hazard identification and risk assessment (HIRA) process. These...

Fires, Explosions and Reactive Chemicals

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, April 27, 2009 - 6:00am
The analysis, prevention, protection and mitigation of fire, explosion, and reactivity hazards continue to be important to the loss prevention...

Layer of Protection Analysis (LOPA)

eLearning (online) Course
LOPA is the methodology used by process organizations worldwide for risk analysis. Learn the basic LOPA approach to selecting and analyzing potential...

HAZOP Studies

eLearning (online) Course
Need to plan and execute a HAZOP Study team review? This course covers the concepts and techniques you’ll need.

Introduction to Process Safety for Undergraduates and Engineers

June, 2016
Familiarizes the student or an engineer new to process safety with the concept of process safety management Serves as a comprehensive reference for Process Safety topics for student chemical engineers and newly graduate engineers Acts as a reference material for either a stand-alone process safety...

Process Safety Regulation - Can any Style be considered Superior?

Conference Presentation
Southwest Process Technology Conference
Thursday, October 9, 2014 - 2:30pm-3:00pm
Recently the US Chemical Safety Board has been quite supportive of the concept of the “Safety Case” system. In a recent Regulatory Report, CSB went...

Guidelines for Process Safety in Bioprocess Manufacturing Facilities

November, 2010
This book helps advance process safety in a key area of interest. Currently, no literature exists which is solely dedicated to process safety for the bioprocessing industry. There are texts, guidelines, and standards on biosafety at the laboratory level and for industrial hygiene, but no guidelines...

Recognizing Catastrophic Incident Warning Signs in the Process Industries

November, 2011
This book provides guidance on characterizing, recognizing, and responding to warning signs to help avoid process incidents and injuries before they occur. The guidance can be used by both process safety management (PSM) professionals in evaluating their processes and PSM systems as well as for...

Chemical Incompatibility Matrices

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Wednesday, April 29, 2015 - 10:15am-10:45am
Chemical Incompatibility Matrices Michelle R. Murphy and Surendra K. Singh ioKinetic, LLC 95 Stiles Road, Salem, New Hampshire 03079, USA murphy@...

Human Factors Considerations: Midstream Process Safety Integration

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, April 28, 2015 - 3:30pm-4:00pm
Midstream oil and gas companies are coming into their own. For example, according to Deloitte (2014), “Midstream energy companies’ share of overall...

Robotic Convection Bank Cleaning

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, April 28, 2015 - 2:45pm-3:15pm
Ethylene cracking heaters like other box fired heaters in the refining and petrochemical industry represent a significant investment in a plant...

Developing Credible Scenarios for a PHA

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, April 28, 2015 - 2:30pm-3:00pm
OSHA’s Compliance Guidelines and Recommendations for the PSM Standard states “A PHA is an organized and systematic effort to identify and analyze the...

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