Understand Hazard & Risk

The foundation of a risk-based approach which will allow an organization to use this information to allocate limited resources in the most effective manner.

Is a Two-Inch Hole Adequate for a Siting Study?

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 12, 2016
For several decades now, many consequence-based siting assessments (e.g., API RP 752) have relied upon a two-inch hole to represent what is termed a...

High / Continuous Demand Hazardous Scenariosin LOPA

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 11, 2016
Layer of protection analysis (LOPA) has become one of the most important risk analysis techniques in the process industry to determine the integrity...

Beyond HAZOP and LOPA - Four Different Company Approaches

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 11, 2016
Stepping Beyond HAZOP and LOPA J. Wayne Chastain, P.E. Eastman Chemical Company P.O. Box 511 B-18 Kingsport, TN 37662 (423) 224-0553 chastain@eastman...

Equations for Flammability Parameters, Pmax and KG

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 2, 2014
The maximum pressure of gas combustion, P max , and the deflagration index, K G ,are very important flammability parameters that are used for risk...

Relief Systems Design: Simplifying Assumptions Gone Wrong

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 2, 2014
The process of evaluating an entire facility’s relief and flare systems design can be extremely time consuming and costly. In most cases, simplifying...

Impact of DDT on FPSO Explosion Risk Assessment

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 2, 2014
In recent explosion accidents on onshore petrochemical facilities, it has been concluded that a deflagration-to-detonation-transition (DDT) took...

Ethylene Decomposition: A Review

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 2, 2014
Under conditions of high pressure and temperature, ethylene can decompose to methane and carbon. This highly exothermic reaction, once initiated, is...

Hurricane Ike Recovery - Electrical & Instrument Systems

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 2, 2014
On September 13, 2008 Hurricane Ike struck the Texas-Louisiana Coast causing severe damage to local chemical plant facilities and communities. This...

Risk Adverse or Risk Ad Nauseam

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 2, 2014
The use of risk management techniques and tools has become more common place in the past few decades, but have we really learned how to use them...

Compliance: The Necessary Evil

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 2, 2014
Compliance: The Necessary Evil Compliance is not optional. Where process safety regulations are in place and enforced, failure to comply puts one’s...

Risk Assessment Challenges to 20:20 Vision

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 1, 2014
A wide variety of hazard identification and risk analysis techniques are available. All techniques require knowledge in the fundamentals of the...

New Silicon-Carbide Joining Technology

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 1, 2014
FM Technologies, Inc. (FMT) has developed new methods for joining SiC-to-SiC and SiC-to-metal for use in ethylene production. Global production of...

The Path to New Technology Commercialization

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 1, 2014
For process developers, the commercialization of new process technology in the Hydrocarbon Processing Industries (HPI) is a difficult and almost...

Unknown Aspects of Metal Dust Explosions

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 1, 2014
Dust explosions hazards have been addressed in a number of standards and guidelines aiming at supporting industry to work safely (including NFPA 61,...

Safety Research on Methanol-to-Olefins Process

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 1, 2014
This paper introduces the present situation of methanol to olefin (MTO) process in China, Analyzed the safety technical requirement based on the...

Lightning Warning Techniques for Risk Mitigation

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 1, 2014
Lightning can pose a threat to numerous processes associated with the production and handling of energetic materials and materials that may produce...

C2 Splitter Retray and Control Improvement

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 1, 2014
As part of an ethylene production expansion project, C2 splitter trays were restructured in the plant’s turnaround in 2012. This change made a...

Auditing IPLs -- Using Safety Critical Functions Manuals

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
March 31, 2014
The three criteria for an independent layer of protection (IPL) are effectiveness, independence, and auditability. The effectiveness and independence...

Assessing Thermal Stability - the Challenge of Powders

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
March 31, 2014
Assessing the thermal stability of process materials and mixtures is an essential step in understanding the process safety profile of a process. Many...

Detail Analysis of Caustic Tower Fouling Mechanism

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
March 31, 2014
To ensure the successful chemical treatment of a caustic system, fouling mechanisms must be identified and their respective contributions to the...

Star LNG: a Family of Small-to-Mid-Scale LNG Processes

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
March 31, 2014
Linde Engineering has successfully developed and marketed a range of processes, which cover the range between 50 t/d and 5,000 t/d LNG product. These...

Infiltration Hazards for Building Siting Studies

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
March 31, 2014
While facility siting studies have been a requirement for many years, specifically for facilities that must comply with OSHA’s PSM program, only...

Moving Forward as On-Line Analyzers Improve

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
March 31, 2014
Online analyzers and sensors offer significant improvements to processes. They greatly enhance process control helping to insure consistent product...

Advances in Automation: Wireless the Enabler

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
March 31, 2014
Older refineries and petrochemical facilities were built with the minimum amount of instrumentation, only that which was necessary to safely operate...

Developments in EPA's Ethylene Standard

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
March 31, 2014
It has been more than 10 years since the finalization of EPA’s Ethylene Production rules that regulate hazardous air pollutants at ethylene...

Furnace Burner Management Practices within Nova Canada

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
May 1, 2013
Furnace Burner Management Practices within Nova Canada The focus of this paper will be on the cracking heaters at the NOVA Chemicals Corunna site,...

Lessons Learned From Fire in Air Supply Ducts

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
May 1, 2013
ABSTRACT Submitted for consideration to the 47 th LPS on Oct 31, 2012 Title: Lessons Learned from Fire in Air Supply Ducts Primary author: Al Waller...

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