Understand Hazard & Risk

The foundation of a risk-based approach which will allow an organization to use this information to allocate limited resources in the most effective manner.

Is a Two-Inch Hole Adequate for a Siting Study?

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 12, 2016
For several decades now, many consequence-based siting assessments (e.g., API RP 752) have relied upon a two-inch hole to represent what is termed a...

High / Continuous Demand Hazardous Scenariosin LOPA

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 11, 2016
Layer of protection analysis (LOPA) has become one of the most important risk analysis techniques in the process industry to determine the integrity...

Beyond HAZOP and LOPA - Four Different Company Approaches

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 11, 2016
Stepping Beyond HAZOP and LOPA J. Wayne Chastain, P.E. Eastman Chemical Company P.O. Box 511 B-18 Kingsport, TN 37662 (423) 224-0553 chastain@eastman...

Fire from the Cascading Failure of an Oxygen Supply System

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 29, 2015
This paper discusses the investigation, findings, and root cause analysis of a fire due to the loss of oxygen containment in an ethylene oxide...

Planning Early for Compressor Surge Avoidance

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 29, 2015
Compressor stations are installed at regular interval to drive the flow of gas in a pipeline. The principal component of the compressor station is...

Refinery Power Outages-Caues, Costs & Solutions

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 28, 2015
Unplanned refinery shutdowns hit company earnings two ways: lost production and potential liabilities for excess flaring and unsafe operations. In...

Mercury Removal in Ethylene Plants: An Update and a Case Study

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 28, 2015
Ethylene producers have faced the challenge of feedstock contaminants for decades. Mercury is one of the contaminants often present in ethylene plant...

Cracking Furnace Line Flushing Pre-Commissioning

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 28, 2015
The abundance of low cost shale gas has led to numerous projects in North America to expand existing or construct new ethylene production units. Most...

Huaa...When Local Learning and Casual Sharing Is Not Enough

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 28, 2015
As a consequence of the Deepwater Horizon blowout and explosion, Bhopal and Piper Alpha, we have the PSM standard and SEMS rule. This helps ensure...

Modelling Liquid Fuel Cascades with Open Foam

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 28, 2015
Modelling Liquid Fuel Cascades with OpenFoam M. Macchi1, J.X. Wen2*, K. Volkov1 and Y. Chung2 1Centre for Fire and Explosion Studies, Kingston...

The Four Pillars of Industrial Energy Efficiency

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 27, 2015
Opportunities to improve plant performance and thus enhance energy efficiency across the CPI fall into four main categories: operational improvements...

CFD Modeling of LNG Spreading and Atmospheric Dispersion

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 27, 2015
LNG release, spreading and vaporization lead to the formation of a flammable vapor cloud with high VCE risk. NFPA 59A Standard for the Production,...

CFD Modeling of Large Scale LNG Pool Fires

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 27, 2015
The computational fluid dynamics modeling tool FLACS has been widely used for detailed consequence modeling of flamable vapor dispersion and vapor...

Understanding Gas Blowby Scenario Calculations

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 27, 2015
Gas blowby overpressure scenarios are routinely identified when analyzing vessels with liquid-level inlet control valves. Blowby can occur when this...

Reliability: The Next Revolution in Process Manufacturing

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 27, 2015
David Rosenthal, PE, CMRP is a Reliability Consultant representing his Reliability Strategy and Implementation Consultancy LLC firm. He previously...

Equations for Flammability Parameters, Pmax and KG

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 2, 2014
The maximum pressure of gas combustion, P max , and the deflagration index, K G ,are very important flammability parameters that are used for risk...

Relief Systems Design: Simplifying Assumptions Gone Wrong

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 2, 2014
The process of evaluating an entire facility’s relief and flare systems design can be extremely time consuming and costly. In most cases, simplifying...

Impact of DDT on FPSO Explosion Risk Assessment

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 2, 2014
In recent explosion accidents on onshore petrochemical facilities, it has been concluded that a deflagration-to-detonation-transition (DDT) took...

Ethylene Decomposition: A Review

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 2, 2014
Under conditions of high pressure and temperature, ethylene can decompose to methane and carbon. This highly exothermic reaction, once initiated, is...

Hurricane Ike Recovery - Electrical & Instrument Systems

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 2, 2014
On September 13, 2008 Hurricane Ike struck the Texas-Louisiana Coast causing severe damage to local chemical plant facilities and communities. This...

Risk Adverse or Risk Ad Nauseam

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 2, 2014
The use of risk management techniques and tools has become more common place in the past few decades, but have we really learned how to use them...

Compliance: The Necessary Evil

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 2, 2014
Compliance: The Necessary Evil Compliance is not optional. Where process safety regulations are in place and enforced, failure to comply puts one’s...

Risk Assessment Challenges to 20:20 Vision

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 1, 2014
A wide variety of hazard identification and risk analysis techniques are available. All techniques require knowledge in the fundamentals of the...

New Silicon-Carbide Joining Technology

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 1, 2014
FM Technologies, Inc. (FMT) has developed new methods for joining SiC-to-SiC and SiC-to-metal for use in ethylene production. Global production of...

The Path to New Technology Commercialization

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 1, 2014
For process developers, the commercialization of new process technology in the Hydrocarbon Processing Industries (HPI) is a difficult and almost...

Unknown Aspects of Metal Dust Explosions

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 1, 2014
Dust explosions hazards have been addressed in a number of standards and guidelines aiming at supporting industry to work safely (including NFPA 61,...

Safety Research on Methanol-to-Olefins Process

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 1, 2014
This paper introduces the present situation of methanol to olefin (MTO) process in China, Analyzed the safety technical requirement based on the...

Lightning Warning Techniques for Risk Mitigation

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 1, 2014
Lightning can pose a threat to numerous processes associated with the production and handling of energetic materials and materials that may produce...

C2 Splitter Retray and Control Improvement

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 1, 2014
As part of an ethylene production expansion project, C2 splitter trays were restructured in the plant’s turnaround in 2012. This change made a...

Auditing IPLs -- Using Safety Critical Functions Manuals

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
March 31, 2014
The three criteria for an independent layer of protection (IPL) are effectiveness, independence, and auditability. The effectiveness and independence...

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