Hazard Identification and Risk Analysis

A thorough Hazard Identification and Risk Analysis, or risk, system is the core element in the RBPS pillar of understanding hazards and risk. The chapter describes the meaning of risk for RBPS purposes, the attributes of a risk system, and the steps an organization might take to implement a robust program for identifying hazards and analyzing risk. Introduction to Hazard Identification and Risk Analysis

Information regarding Remote Isolation and Shut Off

For more in-depth information regarding understanding hazards and risk, refer to CCPS' Guidelines.

Developing Credible Scenarios for a PHA

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 28, 2015
OSHA’s Compliance Guidelines and Recommendations for the PSM Standard states “A PHA is an organized and systematic effort to identify and analyze the...

Huaa...When Local Learning and Casual Sharing Is Not Enough

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 28, 2015
As a consequence of the Deepwater Horizon blowout and explosion, Bhopal and Piper Alpha, we have the PSM standard and SEMS rule. This helps ensure...

Modelling Liquid Fuel Cascades with Open Foam

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 28, 2015
Modelling Liquid Fuel Cascades with OpenFoam M. Macchi1, J.X. Wen2*, K. Volkov1 and Y. Chung2 1Centre for Fire and Explosion Studies, Kingston...

CFD Modeling of LNG Spreading and Atmospheric Dispersion

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 27, 2015
LNG release, spreading and vaporization lead to the formation of a flammable vapor cloud with high VCE risk. NFPA 59A Standard for the Production,...

CFD Modeling of Large Scale LNG Pool Fires

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 27, 2015
The computational fluid dynamics modeling tool FLACS has been widely used for detailed consequence modeling of flamable vapor dispersion and vapor...

Understanding Gas Blowby Scenario Calculations

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 27, 2015
Gas blowby overpressure scenarios are routinely identified when analyzing vessels with liquid-level inlet control valves. Blowby can occur when this...

Equations for Flammability Parameters, Pmax and KG

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 2, 2014
The maximum pressure of gas combustion, P max , and the deflagration index, K G ,are very important flammability parameters that are used for risk...

Relief Systems Design: Simplifying Assumptions Gone Wrong

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 2, 2014
The process of evaluating an entire facility’s relief and flare systems design can be extremely time consuming and costly. In most cases, simplifying...

Impact of DDT on FPSO Explosion Risk Assessment

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 2, 2014
In recent explosion accidents on onshore petrochemical facilities, it has been concluded that a deflagration-to-detonation-transition (DDT) took...

Ethylene Decomposition: A Review

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 2, 2014
Under conditions of high pressure and temperature, ethylene can decompose to methane and carbon. This highly exothermic reaction, once initiated, is...

Risk Adverse or Risk Ad Nauseam

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 2, 2014
The use of risk management techniques and tools has become more common place in the past few decades, but have we really learned how to use them...

Hurricane Ike Recovery - Electrical & Instrument Systems

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 2, 2014
On September 13, 2008 Hurricane Ike struck the Texas-Louisiana Coast causing severe damage to local chemical plant facilities and communities. This...

Compliance: The Necessary Evil

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 2, 2014
Compliance: The Necessary Evil Compliance is not optional. Where process safety regulations are in place and enforced, failure to comply puts one’s...

Risk Assessment Challenges to 20:20 Vision

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 1, 2014
A wide variety of hazard identification and risk analysis techniques are available. All techniques require knowledge in the fundamentals of the...

New Silicon-Carbide Joining Technology

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 1, 2014
FM Technologies, Inc. (FMT) has developed new methods for joining SiC-to-SiC and SiC-to-metal for use in ethylene production. Global production of...

The Path to New Technology Commercialization

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 1, 2014
For process developers, the commercialization of new process technology in the Hydrocarbon Processing Industries (HPI) is a difficult and almost...

Improve Furnace Availability and Control Downtime

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 1, 2014
In 2008, Ethylene Producer's Committee sponsored a worldwide furnace maintenance survey among ethylene producers. Out of the 67 respondents, over 70...

Unknown Aspects of Metal Dust Explosions

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 1, 2014
Dust explosions hazards have been addressed in a number of standards and guidelines aiming at supporting industry to work safely (including NFPA 61,...

"All in" Means "All the Time"

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 1, 2014
Process safety must be the responsibility of all technical and operations personnel. As such, this responsibility is not limited to attendance at PHA...

Safety Research on Methanol-to-Olefins Process

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 1, 2014
This paper introduces the present situation of methanol to olefin (MTO) process in China, Analyzed the safety technical requirement based on the...

Lightning Warning Techniques for Risk Mitigation

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 1, 2014
Lightning can pose a threat to numerous processes associated with the production and handling of energetic materials and materials that may produce...

Chemical Explosion Isolation For Small Contained Vessels

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 1, 2014
Particle size reduction equipment are used in many branches of the process industries, such as food, chemical, pharmaceutical and energy. According...

C2 Splitter Retray and Control Improvement

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 1, 2014
As part of an ethylene production expansion project, C2 splitter trays were restructured in the plant’s turnaround in 2012. This change made a...

Auditing IPLs -- Using Safety Critical Functions Manuals

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
March 31, 2014
The three criteria for an independent layer of protection (IPL) are effectiveness, independence, and auditability. The effectiveness and independence...

Popcorn Polymer Fouling in Light Ends Units

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
March 31, 2014
Popcorn polymer fouling is thought to be exclusive to Butadiene plants, but in fact, there are dozens of isolated cases of popcorn polymer fouling...

Detail Analysis of Caustic Tower Fouling Mechanism

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
March 31, 2014
To ensure the successful chemical treatment of a caustic system, fouling mechanisms must be identified and their respective contributions to the...

Star LNG: a Family of Small-to-Mid-Scale LNG Processes

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
March 31, 2014
Linde Engineering has successfully developed and marketed a range of processes, which cover the range between 50 t/d and 5,000 t/d LNG product. These...

Infiltration Hazards for Building Siting Studies

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
March 31, 2014
While facility siting studies have been a requirement for many years, specifically for facilities that must comply with OSHA’s PSM program, only...

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