Operational Readiness

Ensuring the safe startup of processes over the life of a facility is one of nine elements in the RBPS pillar of managing risk.  This chapter describes the management practices for performing pre-startup reviews of (1) new processes, (2) processes that have been shut down for modification, and (3) processes that have been administratively shut down for other reasons. Introduction on Opertional Readiness.

For more in-depth information regarding managing risk, read CCPS' Guidelines concept books.

Chemical Incompatibility Matrices

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 29, 2015
Chemical Incompatibility Matrices Michelle R. Murphy and Surendra K. Singh ioKinetic, LLC 95 Stiles Road, Salem, New Hampshire 03079, USA murphy@...

Refinery Power Outages-Caues, Costs & Solutions

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 28, 2015
Unplanned refinery shutdowns hit company earnings two ways: lost production and potential liabilities for excess flaring and unsafe operations. In...

Cracking Furnace Line Flushing Pre-Commissioning

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 28, 2015
The abundance of low cost shale gas has led to numerous projects in North America to expand existing or construct new ethylene production units. Most...

Case Study on SMALL-Scale LNG Facility Expansion

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 28, 2015
With the influx of natural gas production throughout the United States, the small-scale LNG market is growing at a rapid pace. One option to take...

Toxicity-Hazard Index and the "Infinite Point"

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 28, 2015
TOXICITY-HAZARD INDEX AND THE “INFINITE POINT” Richard W. Prugh, Principal Process Safety Engineer Chilworth Technology, Inc., a Dekra Company 113...

The Four Pillars of Industrial Energy Efficiency

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 27, 2015
Opportunities to improve plant performance and thus enhance energy efficiency across the CPI fall into four main categories: operational improvements...

CFD Modeling of Large Scale LNG Pool Fires

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 27, 2015
The computational fluid dynamics modeling tool FLACS has been widely used for detailed consequence modeling of flamable vapor dispersion and vapor...

Understanding Gas Blowby Scenario Calculations

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 27, 2015
Gas blowby overpressure scenarios are routinely identified when analyzing vessels with liquid-level inlet control valves. Blowby can occur when this...

Eli Lilly PSM Implementation Case Study

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 27, 2015
Eli Lilly and Company (a global pharmaceutical firm) undertook an initiative to implement a Process Safety Management Program Globally at...

Using Alarms As a Layer of Protection

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 3, 2012
Alarms and operator response are one of the first layers of protection in preventing a plant upset from escalating into a hazardous event. This...

Eliminating Difficult Start Ups with State Based Controls

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 3, 2012
Some processes are just difficult to start up. Every year, significant production is lost due to start up delays, product quality issues after...

Explosion Hazards of Multicomponent Combustible Gas Mixtures

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 2, 2012
Laminar and turbulent premixed flame burning velocities are two parameters that are sometimes needed to evaluate explosion hazards. There is ample...

Prevent the Next Catastrophe

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
March 28, 2017
With the increasing complex manufacturing processes and environmental regulations, and the challenges to retaining knowledge from retiring employees...

Explosion Prevention and Mitigation

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 30, 2009
The analysis, prevention, protection and mitigation of fire, explosion, and reactivity hazards continue to be important to the loss prevention...

Vapor Cloud Explosions

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 12, 2016
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Walk the Line

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 2, 2014
Walk the Line Jerry Forest Global Process Safety Manager Celanese 225 E. John Carpenter Freeway Suite 1200 Dallas, TX 75234 (214) 417-1920 Jerry...

Risk Adverse or Risk Ad Nauseam

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 2, 2014
The use of risk management techniques and tools has become more common place in the past few decades, but have we really learned how to use them...

Compliance: The Necessary Evil

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 2, 2014
Compliance: The Necessary Evil Compliance is not optional. Where process safety regulations are in place and enforced, failure to comply puts one’s...

Are Unconfined Hydrogen Vapor Cloud Explosions Credible?

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 2, 2014
A question is frequently raised by owner/operators of chemical processing and refinery sites as to whether unconfined hydrogen vapor cloud explosions...

Typical Elements of Process Safety Management

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 1, 2014
This paper will present a suggestion of key elements that will provide grants for companies to develop their process safety management system, which...

Lightning Warning Techniques for Risk Mitigation

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 1, 2014
Lightning can pose a threat to numerous processes associated with the production and handling of energetic materials and materials that may produce...

C2 Splitter Retray and Control Improvement

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 1, 2014
As part of an ethylene production expansion project, C2 splitter trays were restructured in the plant’s turnaround in 2012. This change made a...

Infiltration Hazards for Building Siting Studies

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
March 31, 2014
While facility siting studies have been a requirement for many years, specifically for facilities that must comply with OSHA’s PSM program, only...

A Prudent Approach to Revalidating Process Hazard Analysis

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 1, 2014
The Chemical Process Industry (CPI) has long recognized the necessity of periodically revalidating Process Hazard Analyses (PHAs), such as Hazard and...

Improve Furnace Availability and Control Downtime

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
April 1, 2014
In 2008, Ethylene Producer's Committee sponsored a worldwide furnace maintenance survey among ethylene producers. Out of the 67 respondents, over 70...

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