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Output Feedback Control of Nonlinear Distributed Parameter Systems with Unknown Parameters Using a Two-Tier Adaptive Identification Method

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    AIChE Member Credits 0.5
    AIChE Members $19.00
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    AIChE Undergraduate Student Members Free
    Non-Members $29.00
  • Type:
    Conference Presentation
  • Conference Type:
    AIChE Annual Meeting
  • Presentation Date:
    November 8, 2021
  • Duration:
    19 minutes
  • Skill Level:
    Intermediate
  • PDHs:
    0.50

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The estimation and control problems of nonlinear distributed parameter systems are challenging due to the nonlinear nature and spatiotemporal dependency of the system states [1-9]. Examples in chemical process and advanced materials manufacturing include packed-bed and fluidized-bed reactors, chemical vapor deposition, powder-bed laser printing, and fused filament fabrication. In this work, we develop a framework to address the regulation problem of distributed parameter systems with unknown parameters described by nonlinear dissipative partial differential equation (DPDE) systems. The infinite-dimensional model representation of such systems can be decomposed into two subsystems with a time-scale separation; a finite-dimensional subsystem that includes slow and possibly unstable modes of the system and a complemented infinite-dimensional subsystem that contains fast and stable modes. By exploiting such a separation, we can approximate the governing DPDEs by a finite set of ordinary differential equations that capture the dominant dynamics of the infinite-dimensional model. Such an approximation can then be employed as the basis for state estimation and control design.

A standard approach to obtain the approximated model is applying a weighted residual method to discretize the governing DPDEs. The most challenging part of such an approach is the computation of the optimal basis functions required by the weighted residual method, especially in the presence of unknown transport-reaction parameters. To resolve this fundamental issue, a learning-based approach is used to recursively compute the basis functions from the spatiotemporal data of the system's key states. As the number and shape of the resulting basis functions change by appearing new dynamics, the dimension and form of the approximated model change adaptively to capture the dominant dynamics. The resulting adaptive approximate reduced-order model is then used for an adaptive output feedback control design consisting of a dynamic observer to estimate the states of the reduced-order model, an adaptation law to estimate the unknown parameters, and a Lyapunov-based nonlinear controller to stabilize the dominant modes of the system dynamics. The temperature regulation problem in a catalytic reactor with unknown transport-reaction parameters is used as a case study to illustrate the application and computational advantages of the proposed two-tier adaptive identification and output feedback control strategy.

[1] P.D. Christofides. Nonlinear and robust control of PDE systems. Birkhauser, New York, 2000.

[2] A. Armaou and P.D. Christofides. Finite-dimensional control of nonlinear parabolic PDE systems with time-dependent spatial domains using empirical eigenfunctions. International Journal of Applied Mathematics and Computer Science, 2001; 11:287-317.

[3] E. Schuster and M. Krstic. Control of a nonlinear PDE system arising from non-burning tokamak plasma transport dynamics. International Journal of Control, 2003; 76:1116-1124.

[4] N. El-Farra, A. Armaou, and P.D. Christofides. Analysis and control of parabolic PDE systems with input constraints. Automatica, 2003; 39(4), 715-725.

[5] J. Ng and S. Dubljevic. Optimal boundary control of a diffusion-convection-reaction PDE model with time-dependent spatial domain: Czochralski crystal growth process. Chemical Engineering Science, 2012; 67(1):111-119.

[6] A. Varshney, S. Pitchaiah, and A. Armaou. Feedback control of dissipative distributed parameter systems using adaptive model reduction. AIChE J., 2009; 55:906-918.

[7] H.S. Sidhu, A. Narasingam, P. Siddhamshetty, J. Sang-Il Kwon. Model order reduction of nonlinear parabolic PDE systems with moving boundaries using sparse proper orthogonal decomposition: Application to hydraulic fracturing. Computers & Chemical Engineering, 2018; 112:92-100.

[8] D.B. Pourkargar and A. Armaou. Modification to adaptive model reduction for regulation of distributed parameter systems with fast transients. AIChE J., 2013; 59(12):4595-4611.

[9] D.B. Pourkargar and A. Armaou. Geometric output tracking of nonlinear distributed parameter systems via adaptive model reduction. Chemical Engineering Science, 2014; 116:418-427.

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Checkout

Do you already own this?

Pricing


Individuals

AIChE Member Credits 0.5
AIChE Members $19.00
AIChE Graduate Student Members Free
AIChE Undergraduate Student Members Free
Non-Members $29.00
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