(87a) Ventdef – a New Engineering Model for Vented Gas Deflagration Based on NFPA 68 (2018) | AIChE

(87a) Ventdef – a New Engineering Model for Vented Gas Deflagration Based on NFPA 68 (2018)


Miller, D. - Presenter, Air Products
Shen, A., Air Products & Chemicals Inc
Hydrogen production and storage equipment is often located inside confined enclosures such as containers or buildings. Deflagration vent panels are one of the most common and simplest methods to mitigate the consequences of gas deflagrations in confined systems. There are well established methods for the sizing vent panels such as National Fire Protection Association standard NFPA 68, but these are often challenging to apply to hydrogen ( a highly reactive gas) since they are based on conservative worse case stoichiometric fuel / air mixtures. This paper presents a new engineering model, Ventdef, based on NFPA 68 (2018), extended to address actual gas concentrations. Unlike NFPA 68, Ventdef also predicts overpressure external to the deflagration vent and has a new, less conservative method for predicting the size of the external fireball. The model is validated against a series of recent full scale hydrogen confined volume deflagration tests, performed under the EU funded project “Improving hydrogen safety for energy applications through pre-normative research on vented deflagrations” (HySEA). Since the modifications to NFPA 68 are based on combustion fundamentals, the approach should be equally applicable to other flammable gases.


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