(555a) Polysalicylic Acid Polymer Microparticle Decoys Therapeutically Treat Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome
AIChE Annual Meeting
Wednesday, November 16, 2022 - 3:30pm to 3:48pm
Acute lung injury (ALI) and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) remain problematic due to high mortality rates and lack of effective treatments. Neutrophilic injury contributes to mortality in ALI/ARDS. Here, technology for rapid ARDS intervention is developed and evaluated, where intravenous salicylic acid-based polymer microparticles, i.e., Poly-Aspirin (Poly-A), interfere with neutrophils in blood, reducing lung neutrophil infiltration and injury in vivo in mouse models of ALI/ARDS. Importantly, Poly-A particles reduce multiple inflammatory cytokines in the airway and bacterial load in the bloodstream in a live bacteria lung infection model of ARDS, drastically improving survival. It is observed that phagocytosis of the Poly-A microparticles, with salicylic acid in the polymer backbone, alters the neutrophil surface expression of adhesion molecules, potentially contributing to their added therapeutic benefits. Given the proven safety profile of the microparticle degradation productsâsalicylic acid and adipic acidâit is anticipated that the Poly-A particles represent a therapeutic strategy in ARDS with a rare opportunity for rapid clinical translation.