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(532ca) Chemical Looping Air Separation with Sr0.8Ca0.2Fe0.9Co0.1O3-? Perovskite Sorbent: Packed Bed Modeling, Verification, and Optimization

Cai, R. - Presenter, North Carolina State University
Dou, J., North Carolina State University
Krzystowczyk, E., North Carolina State University
Richard, A., Thermosolv LLC
Li, F., North Carolina State University
Chemical looping air separation (CLAS) represents a promising approach for efficient O2 production from the air. The present study aims at optimizing the absorber/desorber operations and the separation process with extensive experimental validation. Specifically, a one-dimensional packed bed model was developed to investigate the CLAS operation with a Sr0.8Ca0.2Fe0.9Co0.1O3-δ perovskite sorbent. The redox thermodynamics of perovskite sorbent was measured by TGA and then incorporated into a linear driving force model to describe the O2 absorption and desorption rates. Both 4-step and 5-step air separation cycle configurations, with various cyclic structures, were performed in a subpilot-scale packed bed. The model predicted O2 purity and productivity were consistent with experimental results, supporting its accuracy and applicability. Parametric analysis and multi-objective optimization were further carried out to assess the performance of CLAS. Both O2 purity and recovery increased monotonically with the cycle time, airflow rate, steam flow rate, and absorption pressure. Meanwhile, optimal O2 productivity and power consumption can only be achieved by specific combinations of these parameters. The optimized results showed that CLAS can be highly competitive when compared to conventional pressure swing adsorption (PSA) or cryogenic distillation. The 5-step cycle configuration achieved a minimum power consumption of 118 kW·hfor producing 1 ton O2 with ≥95% purity. The maximum O2 productivity reached 0.0932 gO2/(gsorbent·h) with 390 kW·h/ton O2 ofenergy consumption (95% pure). The optimization results also indicate that CLAS can potentially be more efficient than cryogenic distillation even when the required O2 purity is above 99%.