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(242b) Toward Understanding the Viscous and Inertial Nonlocal Rheology of Dense Suspensions

Hormozi, S. - Presenter, Cornell University
Koch, D. L., Cornell University
We have recently characterized the rheology of viscous and inertial suspensions of frictionless particles across multiple lengths from nm to m by coupling advanced force microscopy, conventional rheometry, and lab-scale experiments. The well-resolved experimental results demonstrate that the transition from the viscous to inertial regime occurs at a surprisingly small value of the particle Reynolds number suggesting that a larger length scale may play a role. Therefore, the current local rheological laws based on binary collisions and transfer of momentum are inadequate in explaining the behavior of dense suspensions and their transition. These experiments suggest a hypothesis that the interplay of colloidal and hydrodynamic forces leads to the formation of clusters of particles which dominate the transmission of momentum across the material. In this talk, we present our preliminary experimental and computational results of cluster formation. We discuss how the Nonlocal constitutive equations accounting for the viscous stresses and inertial impacts acting on the clusters will be derived using insight into the microstructure obtained from discrete element simulations and experiments.