(722d) Sustainable Processing of Composite Materials

Kopp, D. - Presenter, Rutgers University
Riman, R. E., Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey
Blinn, K., Rutgers University
Wang, J., RRTC Inc.
McMullen, D., RRTC Inc.
Gupta, S., University of North Dakota
Utilization of captured carbon dioxide (CO2) by converting it into valuable products, such as fuels, chemicals, plastics, and building materials is needed to offset the >36 GT/y of anthropogenic emissions. This presentation will describe two breakthrough processes invented and patented by Rutgers University: Hydrothermal Vapor Synthesis (HVS) and Gas-assisted Reactive Hydrothermal Liquid Phase Densification (g-rHLPD). These processes collectively enable the production of ceramics with a greatly reduced carbon footprint, which in many cases can be carbon negative. HVS enables the production of feedstock anhydrous inorganic oxides, an essential precursor for carbonate ceramics, at temperatures <500ËšC, which is up to 1000ËšC lower than the temperatures of traditional pyrothermal reactions. g-rHLPD is a low temperature (<100ËšC) densification process using CO2 as a reactant with anhydrous oxides for creating strong, dense carbonate-bound ceramics with outstanding physical and chemical properties. Materials produced from HVS and g-rHLPD have utility for both commodity-based concrete and advanced composite materials that can substitute for wood, fiber-reinforced resins and even steel. Materials produced with these technologies will be presented and compared with the incumbent materials to demonstrate the outstanding future awaiting carbonate-based materials.