(638c) Elucidating the Role of Coadsorbed O/OH Species in the Selective Oxidation of Glycerol on Late Transition Metals
AIChE Annual Meeting
Thursday, November 11, 2021 - 3:48pm to 4:06pm
Here, we share density functional theory (DFT) calculations of glycerol oxidation mechanisms for the formation of glyceraldehyde and dihydroxyacetone on transition metal catalysts. Previous studies have shown the alcohol oxidation dependency on the reaction medium, particularly due to the presence of coadsorbed species on monometallic surfaces such as Au and Pt.2 Since such coadsorbed species are rarely considered in mechanistic studies of glycerol oxidation, we seek to elucidate their effects toward generating a more realistic catalyst model. Our results suggests that the adsorption of glycerol is stabilized in the presence of coadsorbed oxygenated (O/OH) species. These species mediate the product selectivity (DHA formation) from the secondary O-H bond scission rather than secondary C-H bond scission (favorable in the absence of co adsorbed species) with improved kinetics for the glycerol dehydrogenation on Pt(111), Pt(100), Au(100), and Au(111) surface structures. We also leverage the classical BEP relationship to correlate the glycerol dehydrogenation thermodynamics and kinetics with a good quality of prediction suggesting an efficient way to structure a kinetic model for the complex reaction networks.
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- Zope, B.N. et al. Science. 533, 74â79 (2010).