(483c) Engineering Immunoinstructive Cryogel Scaffolds to Induce Regulatory T-Cells
AIChE Annual Meeting
Wednesday, November 10, 2021 - 1:06pm to 1:24pm
Syringe-injectable cryogel scaffolds were fabricated from hyaluronic acid (HA) and heparin. Stimulating antibodies against murine CD3 and CD28 were effectively conjugated to cryogels via bioorthogonal click reactions. These functionalized cryogels induced cytokine secretion from T-cells when infused within the scaffolds. Additionally, cryogels were effectively loaded with T-cell modulating cytokines (TGFÎ² and IL-2), leading to their release in a controlled and sustained fashion. Increasing the heparin fraction in cryogels helped promote cytokine loading and slow down their subsequent release rates. Compared to cytokine-free cryogels and cryogels in cytokine-supplemented medium, the stimulation of T-cells within cytokine-loaded cryogels resulted in reduced secretion of inflammatory cytokines and increased numbers of Tregs (Fig. 1B). Heparin, antibody and cytokine concentrations within the immunomodulatory cryogels were optimized to boost Treg induction while preventing proliferation of conventional T-cells. Collectively, our data demonstrate that immunoinstructive cryogel scaffolds can effectively reinforce Treg induction and hold great potential for the rational design of effective therapies to promote immunological tolerance. Directing in situ immunomodulation using injectable cryogels to locally induce large numbers of Tregs may pave the way for basic research and translational medicine to treat autoimmune and inflammatory disorders.
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