(261f) Electro-Oxidation Pathways for Biomass-Derived Furans | AIChE

(261f) Electro-Oxidation Pathways for Biomass-Derived Furans


Holewinski, A. - Presenter, University of Colorado
Electrocatalysis poses many potential advantages for distributed scale biomass valorization. Furanic biomass derivatives such as furfural and 5-hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) can provide access to a number of value-added chemicals by partial oxidation, including furoic acid, maleic acid, and 2,5-furandicarboxylic acid (FDCA). Here, we have utilized differential reactor studies with online electrochemical mass spectrometry (OLEMS), as well as in situ attenuated total reflectance-surface-enhanced infrared reflection-absorption spectroscopy (ATR-SEIRAS), to probe these reaction pathways on various metal electrodes. Experimental insights are combined with computational results to piece together plausible mechanisms. In particular we find tradeoffs between decarbonylation activity on Pt-group electrodes and self-assembly of furoate intermediates on noble metals to be critical selectivity and rate determining steps. Strategies for improved catalyst design will be discussed.