(732f) Economic Optimization and Sensitivity Analysis of Ionic Liquid-Based Carbon Capture Plants
Although ILs have potential advantages at the molecular level, the process-level economics of IL-based carbon capture are not well studied. Developing process modeling and optimization tools for IL-based carbon capture plants is essential to elucidate their economic feasibility and scalability. However, robust simulation and optimization of the entire process flowsheet are challenging, particularly when rigorous models are used for key unit operations (e.g., absorber, stripper).
In this work, we present a novel framework for solving these flowsheet optimization problems, using a pseudo-transient modeling approach developed by our group [3,4]. The model is tailored to IL-based CCS: a Langmuir-type model that describes both chemical and physical uptake of CO2 is used to describe the equilibrium absorption of CO2 by the IL . Further, a rigorous rate-based model for the absorption column is employed, that accounts for the effect of reversible chemical reactions on mass transfer. Detailed first-principles models of the other units in the plant flowsheet are used.
Economic optimization of the entire process flowsheet is performed. Sensitivity studies are then performed to elucidate the impact of the IL chemical absorption enthalpy and investigate the impact of other IL properties (viscosity, heat capacity, and molar volume) on process performance. We also present a comparison to amine-based processes, using recently published rigorous flowsheet optimization results for a modern amine-based CCS process .
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Acknowledgement â This work was supported by the University of Texas Energy Institute under the Fueling a Sustainable Energy Transition program. Additional support was provided by the U.S. Department of Energy under Award Number DE-FE0026465. Portions of this work were performed at the University of Notre Dame (B. H. and M. A. S.).