(727b) Zwitterion-like, Charge-Balanced Ultrathin Layers on Polymericmembranes for Antifouling Property | AIChE

(727b) Zwitterion-like, Charge-Balanced Ultrathin Layers on Polymericmembranes for Antifouling Property


Lin, S. - Presenter, Zhejiang University
Li, Y., Zhejiang University
Zhang, L., Zhejiang University
Chen, S., Zhejiang University
Hou, L., Xi'an High-Tech Institute Xi’an
Zwitterions of charge-balanced units have super-low fouling properties induced by ionic solvation, but their extensive applications in polymeric substrates are strictly constrained by current constructing strategies. A zwitterion-like, chargebalanced ultrathin layer with high antifouling capacity was covalently constructed on delicate aromatic polyamide (PA) reverse osmosis (RO) membranes via a mild and solvent-free grafting-to strategy. Two oppositely charged commercial short-chain carbonyl alkenes, 2-acrylamido-2-methylpropanesulfonic acid (AMPS) and methacryloxyethyltrimethylammonium chloride (DMC), were directly mixed-grafted with amino groups on PA RO membrane surface via Michael addition. Under ambient temperature and pressure, these oppositely charged compounds were assembled into a zwitterion-like, charge-balanced ultrathin layer. The dynamic fouling experiments indicated that the modified membrane exhibited strong antifouling properties and excellent permeation recovery abilities. Surface characterization revealed that the selective layer thickness and surface roughness were not measurably changed. More meaningful is that the typical ridge-and-valley surface structure and the excellent separation performance were both well preserved after modification. This opens a universal avenue to construct a zwitterion-like, ultrathin antifouling layer on the delicate polymer substrate without compromising its original matrix structure and performance, which has promising application in areas of biosensors, tissue engineering, and biomaterials.