(425b) The Spontaneous Electrokinetic Magnus Effect
AIChE Annual Meeting
Thursday, November 19, 2020 - 8:15am to 8:30am
Colloids dispersed in electrolytes and exposed to an electric field produce a locally polarized cloud of ions around them. Above a critical electric field strength, an instability occurs causing these ion clouds to break symmetry leading to spontaneous rotation of particles about an axis orthogonal to the applied field, a phenomenon named Quincke rotation. In this talk, I will characterize a new mode of electrokinetic transport. If the colloids have a net charge, Quincke rotation couples with electrophoretic motion and propels particles in a direction orthogonal to both the applied field and the axis of rotation. This motion is a spontaneous, electrokinetic analogue to the well- known Magnus effect. Typically, motion orthogonal to a field requires anisotropy in particle shape, dielectric properties, or boundary geometry. Here, the electrokinetic Magnus (EKM) effect occurs for spheres with isotropic properties in an unbounded environment, with the Quincke rotation instability providing the broken symmetry needed to drive orthogonal motion. I will demonstrate the EKM effect using explict ion, Brownian dynamics simulations and develop a simple, continuum, analytic electrokinetic theory, that is in good agreement with the simulations. I will also explain how nonlinearities in the theoretical description of the ions affect Quincke rotation and the EKM effect.