2013

CEP: Institute News

December
2013
Institute News
Annual Meeting Wrap-Up, President’s Corner: To Shape the Future We Want, AIChE Foundation Honors Stuart Churchill, AIChE Foundation Heralds ChE’s “Promise” in New Film, and more.

Special Section: Energy - Lithium-Ion Batteries: The Basics

October
2013
Special Section
Robert Spotnitz
Batteries come in a variety of chemistries and designs. Using fundamental principles, the theoretical performance of these electrochemical cells can be determined, enabling you to engineer the optimal device.

CEP: Career Corner - Don’t Stop Learning

December
2013
Career Corner
Loraine Kasprzak
When was the last time you learned something new for your job? A generation ago, chemical engineers could expect to settle into a well-defined position at one company and remain there for an entire career. Today, things could not be more different. Many engineers change jobs at least once, or take on additional responsibilities that require new knowledge and skills.

CEP: What's New

December
2013
What's New
Read about new products and services in the areas of instrumentation, operations and maintenance, fluids and solids handling, and environmental, health and safety.

Protect Your Process with the Proper Flame Arresters

December
2013
Safety
Michael Davies, Thomas Heidermann
A flame arrester may be installed to keep an external flame out of a tank or vessel or to ensure that a flame burning within a pipeline does not propagate to other equipment. Use the information presented here to determine what type of device is appropriate for your application.

CEP: Calendars

December
2013
Calendars
AIChE Meetings Calendar, Webinars, and AIChE Education Calendar.

CEP: Process Automation Corner - Real-Time Analytics for Pharmaceutical Quality Control

December
2013
Process Automation Corner
Terry McMahon
When the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), under the leadership of Ajaz Hussain, then the Associate Director of the FDA’s Center for Drug Evaluation and Research (CDER), launched the Process Analytical Technology (PAT) Initiative a decade ago, it set in motion a multifaceted search for a more scientifically based approach to pharmaceutical manufacturing and quality assurance. Hussain’s call for more PAT in the industry’s manufacturing operations was really more of a challenge to current practices than a proscriptive program. The pharmaceutical industry has responded with a renewed emphasis on understanding the scientific basis of its processes, and toward that end has made significant investments in personnel and tools.

CEP: News Update

December
2013
News Update
Made-to-Order Materials Move Forward; 3D Photonic Crystal Stands Up to the Heat; Battery Electrode Acquires Self-Healing Power; GHG Emissions Decline as Power Plants Switch to Natural Gas; and more.

CEP: Editorial - Lightbulbs in the Shower

December
2013
Editorial
Cynthia Mascone
Metaphoric lightbulbs, that is — ideas. Many of my best ideas have come to me in the shower. So, I did some reading about creativity that shed a bit of “light” on why this is the case

Special Section: Energy (Full 32-Page Supplement)

October
2013
Special Section
Andrew N. Jansen, Avani Patel, Gerry M. Clarke, Michelle Bryner, Robert Spotnitz
Lithium-Ion Batteries: The Basics; Raw Material Considerations; Component Materials; Endless Uses

CEP: Process Safety Beacon - Hazards of Strong Oxidizers

December
2013
Process Safety Beacon
A worker was asked to move two open-top 5-gal pails containing aqueous sodium permanganate solution from one location to another. When he picked up the pails, the contents of one of them erupted, spraying him with the solution. Sodium permanganate is a strong oxidizer, and the splashed material set the worker’s clothing on fire. His injuries required hospital treatment.

Follow this Process Development Path

December
2013
Reactions and Separations
Paul Szabo
Bench-scale engineering (BSE) and the interdisciplinary no-transfer team (INTT) are valuable complements to the scale-down-before-scale-up method of process development.

Switzerland: The Success of Its Chemicals and Pharmaceuticals Industries

December
2013
Global Outlook
Konrad Hungerbühler, Marcel Sennhauser, Stavros Papadokonstantakis
The strong international presence of Switzerland’s chemicals industries — characterized by a major export market and substantial investment in its companies abroad — has helped to make the Swiss chemicals and pharmaceuticals industries among the world’s most successful.

Sizing Pressure-Relief Devices

October
2013
Back To Basics
Daniel Crowl, Scott A. Tipler
Although relief devices may never be activated, they must be designed and sized to function correctly every time they are necessary. This article provides an introduction to sizing pressure-relief devices for liquid and vapor service.

SBE Supplement: Biochemical Engineering - Cell-Free Bioprocessing

November
2013
SBE Special Section
James Swartz
The ability to exploit a cell’s contents and capabilities unimpeded by cell walls opens new opportunities for the field of biochemical engineering. Cell-free biology could become the basis for making products from hydrogen to cancer vaccines and more.

CEP: Editorial - Energy Literacy

November
2013
Editorial
Cynthia Mascone
A poll conducted by the Univ. of Texas at Austin ( www.utenergypoll.com/newsroom ) in September found that the average American does not have a good understanding of energy issues. What’s saddening is that many don’t seem to care much about energy...

CEP: News Update

November
2013
News Update
Genetically Engineered Yeast Consume Toxic Byproduct; New Device Performs Double Duty; Simulations Shine Light on Future Solar Materials; Closing the Voltage Gap; and more.

CEP: YPOV - A Grad Student’s Right Decision

November
2013
YPOV
Chris Lowe
About two years ago, I was faced with a decision. I was a few weeks away from graduating with my bachelor’s degree in chemical engineering when I received an email from a friend. He was recruiting graduating students to act as liaisons between AIChE...

Optimize Energy Use in Industrial Cooling Systems

November
2013
Heat Transfer
Michael B. Muller, Michael R. Muller, Prakash Rao
Potential energy savings for chilled-water cooling systems are often overlooked. A detailed review of the cooling system along with the appropriate temperature and flowrate measurements will help you identify ways to cash in on these savings.

CEP: What's New

November
2013
What's New
Read about new products on display at the 2013 Chem Show, December 10-12, New York City.

Consider Single-Use Equipment for Biomanufacturing

November
2013
Fluids and Solids Handling
Roman Rodriguez
Traditional stainless steel equipment is increasingly being replaced with disposable units in new and existing processes alike, enabling more flexibility, higher efficiencies, and lower costs. Follow the guidance offered here to determine the most-effective single-use approach for your facility.

CEP: Process Safety Beacon - Holiday Operations

November
2013
Process Safety Beacon
Many plants shut down or reduce operations during a holiday period. Equipment may be in a non-standard condition while processes are on hold or shut down. Even though the plant is shut down, it is likely that hazardous materials are still present in storage tanks and process vessels. Equipment that is shut down may be opened for inspection or maintenance. Some plants continue to operate during a holiday but with reduced staff, delaying less-critical activities.

CEP: Calendars

November
2013
Calendars
AIChE Meetings Calendar Webinars AIChE Education Calendar

Ten Steps to an Effective Bin Design

November
2013
Back To Basics
Eric Maynard
Before choosing a bin and hopper for your bulk solids application, the flow properties and characteristics of the powder or bulk material must be known. Use this ten-step approach to determine the optimal bin design for your process.

CEP: Institute News

October
2013
Institute News
2013 Institute and Board of Directors’ Award Recipients UOP’s Gautam is Selected to Receive the Inaugural AIChE Government and Industry Leaders (AGILE) Award Anseth will Present Bailey Award Lecture at San Francisco Annual Meeting Member News

CEP: Editorial - Batteries — Can’t Live without Them …

October
2013
Editorial
Cynthia Mascone
And living with them isn’t always easy, either. Two experiences drove the latter point home to me recently. As we were working on this issue with its special section on lithium-ion batteries, both of my laptop’s batteries — the main battery that...

CEP: Process Safety Beacon - Electrical Equipment in Hazardous Areas

October
2013
Process Safety Beacon
One hundred years ago, on Oct. 14, 1913, the Senghenydd Colliery in Glamorgan, South Wales, exploded, resulting in 439 fatalities. This was the worst coal mine disaster in the history of the U.K. The incident is believed to have been started by...

CEP: News Update

October
2013
News Update
Crunching the Numbers on Grid-Scale Storage; Microbes Convert Waste into Electricity; Solar Cells Make the Right Connection; Engineered Tissue Mingles with Blood Vessels; and more.

CEP: Material Matters - Recognizing Corrosion

October
2013
Material Matters
Kirk Richardson
As chemical processing plants and related facilities age, they typically develop problems with corrosion. Allowing deterioration to progress until a piece of equipment needs to be discarded and replaced — called the “run to failure” option — can be...

Special Section: Energy - Lithium-Ion Batteries: Endless Uses

October
2013
Special Section
Andrew N. Jansen
Lithium-ion batteries can be tailored to suit a range of products in almost any industry. This article describes the main applications for which these batteries are used, and explores some of the challenges hindering future advances.

A Root-Cause Approach to PSM Audits

October
2013
Safety
David Heller, David Kahn
Tracing audit findings back to the management system that allowed the failure to occur is an effective way to uncover deficiencies in an organization’s process safety management system. Follow the guidance provided in this article to apply root-cause-based auditing to your facility.

CEP: Profile - Working at the Triple Point

October
2013
Profile
Chaitan Khosla, the Wells H. Rauser and Harold M. Petiprin Professor of Chemical Engineering and Chemistry at Stanford Univ., has always been attracted to challenges at the intersection of chemistry, biology, and engineering, particularly those...

Special Section: Energy - Lithium-Ion Batteries

October
2013
Special Section
Michelle Bryner
Batteries are being asked to meet daunting performance requirements that could soon be pushing up against the limits of existing battery technologies. Portable electronics, electric vehicles, and grid-scale storage require high energy density and power, low cost, and safety.

CEP: Career Corner - Career Success through Networking

October
2013
Career Corner
Loraine Kasprzak
Schmoozing. Glad-handing. Kibitzing. Networking — the art of cultivating productive relationships — often gets a bad rap. Yet without some form of networking, it may be difficult for you to get a promotion, make a career change, or land a six-figure...

CEP: What's New

October
2013
What's New
Read about new products and services in the areas of fluids and solids handling; instrumentation, and materials and chemicals

CEP: Institute News

September
2013
Institute News
New Fellows; 65th Institute Lecturer; WISE Interns; Foundation News; and more

CEP: What's New

September
2013
What's New
Read about new products and services in the areas of fluids and solids handling; environmental health and safety; and laboratory equipment.

Calculate Financial Indicators to Guide Investments

September
2013
Back To Basics
Andy Fennell, John Anderson
Engineers can become better informed about their work with an increased familiarity of basic financial indicators. Use these insights to help ensure that the projects you work on are those that are most likely to become financial successes.

CEP: News Update

September
2013
News Update
Electronic Skin Lights Up When Touched; Nature-Inspired Windows Cool Themselves Down; First Commercial Production of Cellulosic Biofuel Begins; Water-Splitting Process Produces H2 Isothermally; and more

CEP: Process Automation Corner - Process Simulation and Process Control

September
2013
Process Automation Corner
Terry McMahon
Chemical engineers have been practicing process simulation since the advent of the profession in the early 20th century. It was called process design and inevitably involved simplifying assumptions, including that steady-state process conditions had...

Select Appropriate Chemical Protective Clothing

September
2013
Safety
Michael Ziskin
From gloves, goggles, and safety shoes, to total encapsulating ensembles, protective clothing provides a barrier to chemical exposure. Follow these guidelines to determine the most-effective protection for your work environment and task.

CEP: YPOV - What Is a Chemical Engineer Doing Here?

September
2013
YPOV
Elizabeth Guenther
In 2011, I took a position with Mack Trucks, Inc., a manufacturer of American-assembled Class 8 heavy trucks with more than 100 years of history. Since then, I wish I had a dollar for every time I was asked the question “What is a chemical engineer...

CEP: Editorial - A New Global Home for ChEs

September
2013
Editorial
Cynthia Mascone
The moving vans are gone, and we on the AIChE staff are quickly settling in to our new home at 120 Wall St., a special Association Center that offers lower rents for nonprofit organizations like us. While we think of this as our new work-home, more...
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