Sustainability & Environment

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Institute for Sustainability (IfS)

IfS is an umbrella organization encompassing a broad spectrum of activities related to sustainability. It has three sub-entities: the Sustainable Engineering Forum (SEF), the Center for Sustainable Technology Practices (CSTP), and the Youth Council on Sustainability Science and Technology (YCOSST). It also provides oversight to the AIChE Sustainability Index (sm).

Environmental Division (ENV)

The ENV division provides relevant programs on current environmental topics and non-confidential information concerning all aspects of environmental activity. The division promotes publication of papers of interest to chemical engineers in environmental activities as well as coordinates the Institute’s activities with other related societies.

An Osmotic Membrane Dehumidifier

AIChE Annual Meeting
Oct 17, 2011
OSMOTIC MEMBRANE DEHUMIDIFIER It has long been known that relying on a vapor compression system to cool air down to the dew point in order to...

Theoretical Screening Good Sorbents for CO2 Separation

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 23, 2010
Carbon dioxide is the major product from coal combustion and is released into the air and causes global climate warming which we are facing today...

On the Solubility of Mercury in Liquid Hydrocarbons

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 21, 2010
The solubility of Hgo was determined in 34 pure hydrocarbons, hydrocarbon mixtures, crude oils, and water from -65oC to +65oC (where each solvent...

Sustainable Development in the Process Industries: Cases and Impact

March, 2010
The complete, hands-on guide to sustainable development Today's process industries must develop natural resources within an eco-friendly framework that balances current demand with future need. Realizing this goal necessitates global vigilance of three key areas—people, planet, and prosperity—known...

Thermodynamics for the Practicing Engineer

June, 2009
Thermodynamics for the Practicing Engineer, as the title suggests, is written for all practicing engineers and anyone studying to become one. Its focus therefore is on applications of thermodynamics, addressing both technical and pragmatic problems in the field. Readers are provided a solid base in...

Water Sustainability Plenary

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Apr 29, 2009
This special plenary session will feature invited speakers to provide a summary of water law and policy that will provide attendees with a better...

Hydrogen Production, Storage and Utilization

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Apr 28, 2009
Papers on challenges and opportunities in hydrogen from renewable resources. The U.S. Dept of Energy Hydrogen Program: Status and Performance Gaps of...

Industrial Water Management: A Systems Approach, 2nd Edition

May, 2002
This CD-ROM shows how to systematically incorporate the principles of water conservation, recycling, and reuse into the design of new plants, retrofits of existing systems, and technology development. Technology summaries and case studies that support this systematic approach to water reuse, as...

Pollution Prevention: Methodology, Technologies and Practices

November, 1998
As many industries are beginning to learn, pollution prevention technologies offer more than just a way to comply with regulations, or even to “do the right thing.” It also makes smart business sense. The authors of this book, both veterans of DuPont’s in-house waste reduction team, have put...

Reduce Business Risk with a CMS

October
2006
Environmental Management
Robert F. Boland
A compliance management system (CMS) helps companies meet regulatory reporting requirements, improve environmental performance, reduce environmental compliance costs, and increase organizational efficiency. Here's a run-down of what to look for when...

Evaluating Supply Chain Sustainability

May
2010
Environmental Management
Joseph Fiksel
Lifecycle analysis (LCA) techniques can be used to quantify the environmental performance of a product, process, or service. This article describes several LCA methods and their application to supply chains.

Apply Process Integration to Environmental Impact Assessment

February
2009
Environmental Management
Ahmed Abdel-Wahab, Eva M. Lovelady, Hassan E. Alfadala, Mahmoud M. El-Halwagi, Patrick Linke
This approach provides valuable insights early in the design process and systematizes the design effort, while reconciling process objectives with environmental constraints.

Use Periodic Checks to Demonstrate Title V Compliance

February
2004
Environmental Management
Colleen McCarthy, John M. Beath
This hybrid technique of determining whether a plant is meeting its regulatory requirements helps overcome the pitfalls of action-tracking and compliance auditing.

Predesign for Pollution Prevention and Control

June
2007
Environmental Management
Gael D. Ulrich, Palligarnai T. Vasudevan
A plant's intrinsic cleanliness is determined during the predesign stage. This article provides guidance for making critical decisions during preliminary design.

Navigating the Legal Landscape

August
2011
Special Section
Arnold W. Reitze Jr., Mary Ellen Ternes
A legal framework governing carbon sequestration will need to be put in place before major carbon capture and storage (CCS) projects can get underway. A final rule issued under the Safe Drinking Water Act sets minimum requirements, but this is just...

Targeting Material Reuse via Property Integration

August
2005
Environmental Management
Mahmoud M. El-Halwagi, Vasiliki Kazantzi
Material reuse is often governed by the functionalities of the process streams. This new property-based technique creates a pinch diagram that identifies targets for the minimum use of fresh resources and waste discharge, and the maximum integration...

Retrofit Water Systems the SHARPS Way

November
2006
Environmental Management
Mohd Hisham Samingin, Norrazi Misran, Sharifah Rafidah Wan Alwi, Zainuddin A. Manan
Use the Systematic Hierarchical Approach for Resilient Process Screening (SHARPS) technique to quickly and systematically isolate cost-effective and affordable water management options prior to design.

Get the Most for Your Emissions Testing Buck

November
2004
Environmental Management
Robert M. Neimeier
A successful emissions testing program involves understanding the purpose of the testing, preparing a request for proposal, eveloping a protocol and entrusting the job with the right person.

Outsourcing Environmental Compliance

October
2002
Environmental Management
Stephen W. Blocki
Save money and reduce risks by contracting responsibility for maintaining compliance to a pollution-abatement expert.

Who Done It? The ABCs of Environmental Forensics

March
2006
Environmental Management
Jeffrey Bolin, Matthew Schroeder, Michael Sklash
These tools and techniques can be used to make sense of soil or groundwater contamination - where it came from, who is responsible for it, and how to fairly allocate the costs to clean it up.

Improve Your Air Emissions Estimates

May
2009
Environmental Management
Jeffrey H. Siegell
Process plants must report emissions from an increasing number of sources. Use these pointers to prepare more-representative emissions inventories.

Preparing for GHG Inventory Verification

April
2004
Environmental Management
- Lauren M. Sandler, James T. Wintergreen
To ensure that the greenhouse gas inventory is accurate and complete, prepare for eventual third-party verification during the planning and data collection stages.

Discussing Climate-Change Challenges

July
2007
News Feature
Matthew McKeon-Slattery
The U.S. is still at odds with other developed nations when it comes to a strategy for reducing greenhouse gas emissions. At the G8 Summit, President Bush opposed a pact advocated by German Chancellor Angela Merkel calling for CO2 emissions to be...

Characterizing a Geologic Formation

August
2011
Special Section
Daniel Brantley, John Shafer
A diverse collaboration is evaluating the geology of the South Georgia Rift basin and its suitability for long-term CO2 sequestration.

Improve Catalytic Oxidizer Operation

January
2007
Environmental Management
John C. Bonacci
A catalyst guard bed is a simple, low-cost modification that reduces catalyst-replacement costs, saves natural gas and cuts energy expenses.

Measuring and Communicating Sustainability through Eco-Efficiency Analysis

December
2010
Environmental Management
Bruce W. Uhlman, Peter Saling
Eco-efficiency analysis promotes an understanding of the economic and environmental trade-offs over products’ lifecycles, and supports informed, strategic decision-making in all areas of a business, from spurring innovative product development to...

Dealing with Climate Change at the Local Level

February
2008
Opinion
Paul A. Jennings
Whatever problems may be caused by climate change, engineers will be expected to solve them.Now is the time to begin addressing the issues at the local and regional scale.

Industrial-Scale Flare Testing

May
2006
Environmental Management
Charles Baukal, Jianhui Hong, Mahmoud Fleifil, Robert Schwartz
Advanced flare testing at full scale can help to ensure that the system operates as designed. This article explains what's involved and the parameters that should be measured and evaluated to demonstrate performance, reliability and safety.

What Does It Mean To Be Green?

September
2009
Opinion
Phillip E. Savage, P.E.
Sustainability encompasses green chemistry and green engineering, among other concepts. This article explores some of the principles of sustainability and provides a framework for developing a lifecycle approach to chemical engineering.

Collect and Destroy Emissions Safely

May
2004
Environmental Management
Tony Ennis
Vent collection and destruction systems are complex, and their safety depends on the proper integration of the discrete elements. This article provides guidance on how to achieve that.

A Renewable Route to Propylene Glycol

August
2007
News Feature
Suzanne Shelley
Rapid expansion in biodiesel production has spurred a bumper crop of competing processes to turn byproduct glycerin into propylene glycol.

Demonstrating CCS Integration

August
2011
Special Section
Nick Irvin, P.E., P.G., Richard A. Esposito
The largest, fully integrated process for separating CO2 from fluegas and compressing it to a supercritical fluid, transporting the CO2 by pipeline, and injecting the CO2 into a saline reservoir is now underway at the Plant Barry generating station...

Ensure Consistent Greenhouse Gas Emissions Estimates

September
2005
Environmental Management
Karin Ritter. Susann Nordrum, Miriam Lev-On
These techniques can be used to estimate and report GHG emissions from a wide variety of diverse sources, thereby increasing global consistency.

Think Outside the Box to Reduce Wastes

June
2003
Environmental Management
Martin C. Welch, R. Bruce Hartman
Use this audit procedure to evaluate the current performance of your process safety management processes as well as their future viability.

Prepare Now for REACH Compliance

March
2005
Environmental Management
Beth Sirull
Pending legislation would require companies that make or use chemicals in the European Union to register those substances.

Analyzing Equilibrium when Noncondensables Are Present

April
2008
Environmental Management
Allen Hatfield
With the simplifying assumption that all of the noncondensable gases exit via the vapor stream, material balances and equilibrium calculations can be used to determine the compositions of the emissions streams leaving a control device.

Right-Sizing Environmental Controls

June
2006
Environmental Management
E. Joseph Duckett
Size does matter - and bigger is not necessarily better when it comes to pollution control. It is more important to be the right size than the largest size.

Controlling Emissions During Cold Furnace Startup

February
2007
Environmental Management
Charles E. Baukal Jr., Jianhui Hong, Richard T. Waibel, Wes Bussman
High carbon monoxide emissions from a furnace while its temperature is being ramped up can exceed permit limits if appropriate measures are not taken. Here are a few suggestions.

Implementing an EHS Management Information System

May
2004
Information Technology
Jill Barson Gilbert
Information technology issues are just as important as business and environmental, health and safety considerations. Follow these ten tips to deply an effective EMIS with a positive return on investment.
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