Sustainability & Environment

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Institute for Sustainability (IfS)

IfS is an umbrella organization encompassing a broad spectrum of activities related to sustainability. It has three sub-entities: the Sustainable Engineering Forum (SEF), the Center for Sustainable Technology Practices (CSTP), and the Youth Council on Sustainability Science and Technology (YCOSST). It also provides oversight to the AIChE Sustainability Index (sm).

Environmental Division (ENV)

The ENV division provides relevant programs on current environmental topics and non-confidential information concerning all aspects of environmental activity. The division promotes publication of papers of interest to chemical engineers in environmental activities as well as coordinates the Institute’s activities with other related societies.

Optimal Charge Rates for a Lithium Ion Cell

AIChE Annual Meeting
Oct 19, 2011
Optimal Charge Rates for a Lithium Ion Cell Saeed Khaleghi Rahimian, Sean Rayman, Ralph E. White Department of Chemical Engineering, University of...

An Osmotic Membrane Dehumidifier

AIChE Annual Meeting
Oct 17, 2011
OSMOTIC MEMBRANE DEHUMIDIFIER It has long been known that relying on a vapor compression system to cool air down to the dew point in order to...

Theoretical Screening Good Sorbents for CO2 Separation

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 23, 2010
Carbon dioxide is the major product from coal combustion and is released into the air and causes global climate warming which we are facing today...

On the Solubility of Mercury in Liquid Hydrocarbons

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 21, 2010
The solubility of Hgo was determined in 34 pure hydrocarbons, hydrocarbon mixtures, crude oils, and water from -65oC to +65oC (where each solvent...

Sustainable Development in the Process Industries: Cases and Impact

March, 2010
The complete, hands-on guide to sustainable development Today's process industries must develop natural resources within an eco-friendly framework that balances current demand with future need. Realizing this goal necessitates global vigilance of three key areas—people, planet, and prosperity—known...

Thermodynamics for the Practicing Engineer

June, 2009
Thermodynamics for the Practicing Engineer, as the title suggests, is written for all practicing engineers and anyone studying to become one. Its focus therefore is on applications of thermodynamics, addressing both technical and pragmatic problems in the field. Readers are provided a solid base in...

Water Sustainability Plenary

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Apr 29, 2009
This special plenary session will feature invited speakers to provide a summary of water law and policy that will provide attendees with a better...

Hydrogen Production, Storage and Utilization

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Apr 28, 2009
Papers on challenges and opportunities in hydrogen from renewable resources. The U.S. Dept of Energy Hydrogen Program: Status and Performance Gaps of...

Industrial Water Management: A Systems Approach, 2nd Edition

May, 2002
This CD-ROM shows how to systematically incorporate the principles of water conservation, recycling, and reuse into the design of new plants, retrofits of existing systems, and technology development. Technology summaries and case studies that support this systematic approach to water reuse, as...

Pollution Prevention: Methodology, Technologies and Practices

November, 1998
As many industries are beginning to learn, pollution prevention technologies offer more than just a way to comply with regulations, or even to “do the right thing.” It also makes smart business sense. The authors of this book, both veterans of DuPont’s in-house waste reduction team, have put...

Preparing for GHG Inventory Verification

April
2004
Environmental Management
- Lauren M. Sandler, James T. Wintergreen
To ensure that the greenhouse gas inventory is accurate and complete, prepare for eventual third-party verification during the planning and data collection stages.

Discussing Climate-Change Challenges

July
2007
News Feature
Matthew McKeon-Slattery
The U.S. is still at odds with other developed nations when it comes to a strategy for reducing greenhouse gas emissions. At the G8 Summit, President Bush opposed a pact advocated by German Chancellor Angela Merkel calling for CO2 emissions to be...

Characterizing a Geologic Formation

August
2011
Special Section
Daniel Brantley, John Shafer
A diverse collaboration is evaluating the geology of the South Georgia Rift basin and its suitability for long-term CO2 sequestration.

Improve Catalytic Oxidizer Operation

January
2007
Environmental Management
John C. Bonacci
A catalyst guard bed is a simple, low-cost modification that reduces catalyst-replacement costs, saves natural gas and cuts energy expenses.

Measuring and Communicating Sustainability through Eco-Efficiency Analysis

December
2010
Environmental Management
Bruce W. Uhlman, Peter Saling
Eco-efficiency analysis promotes an understanding of the economic and environmental trade-offs over products’ lifecycles, and supports informed, strategic decision-making in all areas of a business, from spurring innovative product development to...

Dealing with Climate Change at the Local Level

February
2008
Opinion
Paul A. Jennings
Whatever problems may be caused by climate change, engineers will be expected to solve them.Now is the time to begin addressing the issues at the local and regional scale.

Industrial-Scale Flare Testing

May
2006
Environmental Management
Charles Baukal, Jianhui Hong, Mahmoud Fleifil, Robert Schwartz
Advanced flare testing at full scale can help to ensure that the system operates as designed. This article explains what's involved and the parameters that should be measured and evaluated to demonstrate performance, reliability and safety.

What Does It Mean To Be Green?

September
2009
Opinion
Phillip E. Savage, P.E.
Sustainability encompasses green chemistry and green engineering, among other concepts. This article explores some of the principles of sustainability and provides a framework for developing a lifecycle approach to chemical engineering.

Collect and Destroy Emissions Safely

May
2004
Environmental Management
Tony Ennis
Vent collection and destruction systems are complex, and their safety depends on the proper integration of the discrete elements. This article provides guidance on how to achieve that.

A Renewable Route to Propylene Glycol

August
2007
News Feature
Suzanne Shelley
Rapid expansion in biodiesel production has spurred a bumper crop of competing processes to turn byproduct glycerin into propylene glycol.

Demonstrating CCS Integration

August
2011
Special Section
Nick Irvin, P.E., P.G., Richard A. Esposito
The largest, fully integrated process for separating CO2 from fluegas and compressing it to a supercritical fluid, transporting the CO2 by pipeline, and injecting the CO2 into a saline reservoir is now underway at the Plant Barry generating station...

Ensure Consistent Greenhouse Gas Emissions Estimates

September
2005
Environmental Management
Karin Ritter. Susann Nordrum, Miriam Lev-On
These techniques can be used to estimate and report GHG emissions from a wide variety of diverse sources, thereby increasing global consistency.

Think Outside the Box to Reduce Wastes

June
2003
Environmental Management
Martin C. Welch, R. Bruce Hartman
Use this audit procedure to evaluate the current performance of your process safety management processes as well as their future viability.

Prepare Now for REACH Compliance

March
2005
Environmental Management
Beth Sirull
Pending legislation would require companies that make or use chemicals in the European Union to register those substances.

Analyzing Equilibrium when Noncondensables Are Present

April
2008
Environmental Management
Allen Hatfield
With the simplifying assumption that all of the noncondensable gases exit via the vapor stream, material balances and equilibrium calculations can be used to determine the compositions of the emissions streams leaving a control device.

Right-Sizing Environmental Controls

June
2006
Environmental Management
E. Joseph Duckett
Size does matter - and bigger is not necessarily better when it comes to pollution control. It is more important to be the right size than the largest size.

Controlling Emissions During Cold Furnace Startup

February
2007
Environmental Management
Charles E. Baukal Jr., Jianhui Hong, Richard T. Waibel, Wes Bussman
High carbon monoxide emissions from a furnace while its temperature is being ramped up can exceed permit limits if appropriate measures are not taken. Here are a few suggestions.

Implementing an EHS Management Information System

May
2004
Information Technology
Jill Barson Gilbert
Information technology issues are just as important as business and environmental, health and safety considerations. Follow these ten tips to deply an effective EMIS with a positive return on investment.

Avoid Common Pitfalls When Using Henry's Law

September
2007
Environmental Management
Allan H. Harvey, Francis L. Smith
Here is practical guidance on the use of Henry's law in engineering calculations and how to account for the temperature dependence of the Henry's constant— which is often ignored but which can be crucial for accurate process design.

Understand the Fundamentals of Wastewater Treatment

October
2011
Back To Basics
Mukesh Doble, Venkatachalam Geetha
Wastewater treatment technologies range from membrane filtration to UV radiation to activated sludge. Compare their advantages and disadvantages to select the appropriate methods for your application.

Specifying Vessels for High-Pressure Dust Collectors

October
2005
Environmental Management
Todd Russelburg
ASME codes and standards govern the design, fabrication, testing and certification of high-pressure dust collector vessels. This article will assist you in working with a code vessel designer and/or manufacturer.

Incorporating Sustainability into Chemical Engineering Education

January
2009
Special Section
Braden R. Allenby, Cliff I. Davidson, Cynthia F. Murphy, David T. Allen
This benchmarking study of the types of courses offered and the material being taught sheds light on what the engineering profession regards as sustainability.

How Sustainable are Your PSM Processes?

June
2003
Safety
Martin C. Welch, R. Bruce Hartman
Use this audit procedure to evaluate the current performance of your process safety management processes as well as their future viability.

Reduce Your Plant’s Water Footprint

April
2011
Critical Issues
David L. Nystuen
Water footprint reduction and water pollution prevention are integral to any environmental sustainability initiative. Use this rigorous, systematic process to conduct a baseline water assessment that integrates water pollution prevention and water...

Green Factories for Pharmaceuticals

January
2003
Special Section
Rita D'Aquino
A number of companies are honing techniques to produce a wide variety of pharmaceuticals, such as therapeutic proteins and monoclonal antibodies in plants.

Use Cascade Analysis to Optimize Water Networks

July
2006
Environmental Management
Dominic Chwan Yee Foo, Yin Ling Tan, Zainuddin Abdul Manan
This numerical technique for identifying fresh water and wastewater targets eliminates the tedious and time-consuming steps of graphical targeting approaches. Use it to complement the graphical techniques in the design and retrofit of water networks.

Audit Your Emissions Inventory

January
2010
Environmental Management
Jeffrey H. Siegell
Some emissions reports include data that are based on faulty assumptions and methodologies. This article presents an effective approach to auditing your emissions inventory to maximize the representativeness of the reports you submit. <br>

Understand the Emerging Issue of Vapor Intrusion

October
2007
Environmental Management
Matthew Traister
The migration of vapors from contaminated groundwater and soil into aboveground buildings can adversely affect indoor air quality by creating an exposure pathway that may not have been addressed previously.

Use Sustainability Metrics to Guide Decision-Making

July
2002
Environmental Management
Beth R. Beloff, Earl  Beaver, Jeanette M. Schwarz
Sustainability provides a framework for integrating environmental, social and economic interests into effective business strategies.

Modeling Accidental Releases

November
2005
Environmental Management
Weiping Dai
This article compares several common dispersion models available in the public domain and offers guidance on selecting the appropriate one for a particular release.
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