Chemicals & Materials

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Chem Economics: ACC Releases Portfolio of Specialty Chemicals Indexes

September
2012
Chem Economics
T. Kevin Swift
The American Chemistry Council (ACC) has launched a new set of indexes covering nearly 30 segments of the U.S. specialty chemicals market. (The first, which dealt with plastic additives, was discussed in the July issue, p. 13.) This is the first set...

Unusual Corrosion Failures of Transfer Line Exchangers

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 22, 2010
This paper describes two case histories of corrosion failures. The first case history describes metal dusting of the tubes and tubesheet from the...

Bio-Refinery for the Production of Ethylene Derivatives

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 22, 2010
Downstream products of petroleum have been the main source for feedstocks for most of the petrochemicals produced over the last 90 years. However,...

Advances in Renewable Jet Technology

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 22, 2010
Use of aviation fuel currently corresponds to 2-3% of the total fossil fuels used worldwide, or 13% of fossil fuel used in transportation fuel...

Revamp Fired Heater to Maximize Thermal Efficiency

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 22, 2010
Fired heaters are in the refining and petroleum industry. In the current scenario, it is important to maximize fired heater efficiency to the maximum...

Cracked Gas Dryer Tutorial (Part 1)

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 22, 2010
This tutorial will begin with a brief introduction to molecular sieves followed by a description of the process, covering overall operation of the...

New Type of Cracking Furnace Radiant Coil Design

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 22, 2010
This paper presents the economical benefits for a new radiant coil design which improves the performance of the thermal cracking furnace. The main...

Cracked Gas Dryer Survey

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 22, 2010
An electronic internet survey was distributed to United States and European ethylene producers. The goal of the survey was to document vessel design...

Enterprise Inventory Management in Volatile Markets

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 22, 2010
Hydrocarbon and other commodity prices are increasingly volatile due to factors which include speculation, reduced inventory and a lack of spare...

Loop Tuning Basics

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 22, 2010
There are many methods to tune PID controllers. This presentation provides a tutorial on tuning PID process controllers using Internal Model Control...

Cracked Gas Dryer Tutorial (Part 2)

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 22, 2010
This tutorial will begin with a brief introduction to molecular sieves followed by a description of the process, covering overall operation of the...

Magnetic Bearings in Turboexpander Applications

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 21, 2010
Magnetic bearings in turboexpander have become the standard for the installation in gas processing and ethylene plants; there are areas of the design...

CO2 Footprinting in the Chemical Industry

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 21, 2010
This paper provides a brief global perspective to the GHG issue as it impacts the petrochemical industry and then focuses on the factors of...

Turbomachinery for Mega-Ethylene Plants

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 21, 2010
Ethylene producers continue to search for ways to improve capital expenditure versus payback ratio and to reduce installation and maintenance costs...

Maintaining MPC Benefits for Years: No Myth

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 21, 2010
MPC software companies and their customers can sustain and increase the benefits from MPC solutions by forming effective maintenance strategies. This...

Process Gas Compressor Fouling & Washing Mitigation

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 21, 2010
Part A: The ethylene industry has been affected by the economic downturn. Plants have operated at low rates and have fed lighter feeds when possible...

Progression of GHG Emissions Benchmarking

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 21, 2010
The efforts to measure, regulate, and control the emissions of greenhouse gases (GHG) by the refining and petrochemicals industries have been in...

KPI Controls for Major Refinery Units

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 21, 2010
Advanced Process Control (APC) solutions are recognized as a process industry best practice and proven investment opportunity in many industries,...

New Technology Enhances Model Predictive Control

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 21, 2010
The standard way of testing a process causes the configuration and tuning of the PID control system for the process to be embedded in the model...

Cracked Gas Compressor / Turbine

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 21, 2010
The cracked gas compressor (CGC) is still the most critical unit in the entire ethylene production facility. Its energy demand and potential plant...

Chemical Engineering Faculty Directory: 2009-2010

December, 2009
This faculty directory lists the contact information of all the faculty members, placement administrators, and student organizations of almost 500 worldwide universities and technical institutes offering chemical engineering curricula. This offers a comprehensive reference tool that is unique and...

Titania Nanotube Supported Gold Photoanodes

AIChE Annual Meeting
Nov 8, 2009
Photoelectrochemical cells (PEC) combine a photovoltaic device for light harvesting and an electrolyzer for water splitting into a single system...

LNG Safety - II

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Apr 29, 2009
This session presents advancements in LNG safety in LNG baseload and receiving terminals, LNG ships and other related areas. LNG Vapor Dispersion...

New Technologies in Refining

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Apr 29, 2009
In today’s competitive environment, development and implementation of new refining technology can differentiate one refining company from another...

LNG Safety - I

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Apr 29, 2009
This session presents advancements in LNG safety in LNG baseload and receiving terminals, LNG ships and other related areas. Please Note : LNG Safety...

Ethylene Plant Operations Paper Session

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Apr 29, 2009
This session is part of the (2009) 21st Ethylene Producers Conference, which is the premier annual event where those involved in the industry can...

LNG Equipment - II

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Apr 28, 2009
This session presents advancements in LNG equipment in heat exchangers, pumps, compressors, tubines, electrical systems, control, etc. Please Note :...

LNG Equipment - I

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Apr 28, 2009
This session presents advancements in LNG equipment in heat exchangers, pumps, compressors, tubines, electrical systems, control, etc. Please Note :...

Ethylene Plant Maintenance and Reliability Session

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Apr 28, 2009
Fluctuating product demand, along with feedstock and energy prices, has resulted in a challenging environment for operators of Olefin producing...

LNG Regasification

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Apr 27, 2009
This session presents papers on the advances in LNG receiving terminals and regasfication facilities in vaporiztion technology etc. Please Note : LNG...

Producing Nitrogen via Pressure Swing Adsorption

June
2012
Reactions and Separations
Robert Lewis, Svetlana Ivanova
Pressure swing adsorption (PSA) can be a cost-effective method of onsite nitrogen generation for a wide range of purity and flow requirements.

Designing a Facility for API Development

March
2006
Plant Design
Terrence Fay, Yasha Zelmanovich
Kilo labs are instrumental in scaling up the production of active pharmaceutical ingredients. This article discusses the critical factors that must be considered to design such a facility.

Exploring New Paradigms for Bioprocessing

July
2009
SBE Special Section
Jonathan Monk
Disruptive technologies, such as disposable bioreactors, metabolic ?ux models, and glycoengineered yeast, could change the face — and pace — of biomanufacturing.

Good Drug Therapy: It's Not Just the Molecule - It's the DELIVERY

February
2004
Special Section
Rita D'Aquino
In today's competitive marketplace, biopharmaceutical companies are seeking effective and user-friendly drug-delivery platforms for their drug molecules. Miniaturized, microfabricated and nanofabricated devices that can be implanted in the body are...

Choose the Right Elastomer

June
2008
Materials
William M. Stahl
Match a material's performance to process conditions to reduce leaks, improve safety and extend the mean time between failures (MTBF).

Keys to Bioreactor Selection

March
2002
Reactions and Separations
John A. Williams
A few basic types of bioreactor designs are used to produce a wide range of products, from antibiotics to foods to fuels. Here's how to pick the best options for your application.

Selecting Corrosion-Resistant Materials

December
2006
Materials
Francesco Picciotti, Marcello Picciotti
This article looks at some common corrosion-resistant alloys and gasket materials that are available for use in applications with high pressures and temperatures.

Form Nanoparticles via Controlled Crystallization

October
2008
Reactions and Separations
Robert J. Fisher, Thomai Panagiotou
This continuous bottom-up approach allows precise control of the crystallization process to achieve size, distribution and quality goals, as well as realize the benefits of process intensification.

Hydrogen: Liability or Asset?

September
2002
Reactions and Separations
Dennis Vauk, Ian Moore, Nick  Hallale
In a petroleum refinery, viewing hydrogen as an asset rather than a liability can lead to increased profits. The key is in the mindset. A typical investor uses money to make money. This article shows you how to use hydrogen to make money.

An Introduction to Immunity and Vaccines

November
2011
SBE Special Section
Derek Lapiska
An understanding of the basic approach to creating vaccines, as well as how vaccines confer immunity, is essential to developing safe and cost-effective formulations.

Streamlining the Validation Process

March
2007
Management
Robert Mackey, Tim Flanigan
Today, validation is no longer an afterthought for the design and construction of a new or renovated process or facility. It is, in fact, recognized as an integral part of the total project. Fully integrated services are now available to ensure a...

Save Energy Through Automation

January
2010
Instrumentation
Douglas C. White
Identifying the right automation investments — those with low costs and high impacts — can result in millions of dollars in energy savings for petrochemical plants. <br>

Clarifying Centrifuge Operation and Selection

August
2004
Fluids and Solids Handling
Victor Norton ,  William Wilkie
Before selecting a centrifuge for your application, understand its principles of operation and investigate the key process variables.

Chemical Engineering Perspectives on Vaccine Production

November
2011
SBE Special Section
Bret R. Phillips, John G. Aunins, Jose M. Otero, Michael E. Laska
Fundamental chemical and bioprocess engineering principles and tools will be key to developing and manufacturing vaccines and expanding their availability around the world.
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