Plant Operations

Safety Research on Methanol-to-Olefins Process

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Apr 1, 2014
This paper introduces the present situation of methanol to olefin (MTO) process in China, Analyzed the safety technical requirement based on the...

Lightning Warning Techniques for Risk Mitigation

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Apr 1, 2014
Lightning can pose a threat to numerous processes associated with the production and handling of energetic materials and materials that may produce...

Real-Time Risk Assessment and Decision Support

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Apr 1, 2014
Managers and operators of major hazard facilities make complex decisions in hazardous situations as a part of their daily work activity. These...

Popcorn Polymer Fouling in Light Ends Units

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 31, 2014
Popcorn polymer fouling is thought to be exclusive to Butadiene plants, but in fact, there are dozens of isolated cases of popcorn polymer fouling...

Advances in Automation: Wireless the Enabler

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 31, 2014
Older refineries and petrochemical facilities were built with the minimum amount of instrumentation, only that which was necessary to safely operate...

Mixing and Blending of Solids

AIChE Webinar
Oct 30, 2013
This webinar provides an introduction to both the fundamentals of mixing processes and how to assess mixture quality and examine the qualities of...

MAPD Stability and Management in Ethylene Plants

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
May 1, 2013
Abstract MAPD Stability and Management in Ethylene Plants Accumulation of C3 (MAPD, Methyl Acetylene & Propadiene) and C4 (VA, Vinyl Acetylene)...

Furnace Stories

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Apr 5, 2012
The cracking furnace is the heart of the ethylene plant, consuming the most energy, adding the most value and with the potential to cause the most...

Combustion of Mixtures: A Modified IFC Approach

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Apr 2, 2012
While most studies on flares have been done with single hydrocarbon fuels or binary mixtures, the reality of most industrial flares is that they see...

Introduction to Pinch Analysis

AIChE Webinar
Apr 27, 2011
This webinar introduces the basic principles and tools of pinch analysis and shows how they can be applied in real-world applications.

Process Troubleshooting

AIChE Webinar
Oct 6, 2010
Professor Woods acts as a coach, guiding you through a process that matches your unique style. His goal is to help you recognize and polish your...

Piping and Instrumentation Drawings

AIChE Webinar
Jul 22, 2009
Piping & Instrumentation Drawings (P&IDs) are important communication tools for engineers. To be effective in the workplace, you must be able...

Process Flow Diagrams

AIChE Webinar
Jul 15, 2009
The webinar will benefit those inside and outside the process engineering community who need familiarity with PFDs as communication tools.

Apply Six Sigma for Process Improvement and Problem-Solving

March
2011
Back To Basics
George Liebermann
Many manufacturing processes are not run as efficiently as they could be. The Six Sigma methodology provides a foundation for continuous improvement and for solving quality, operational, and other problems.

Deflagration and Detonation Flame Arresters

May, 2002
Designed for chemical engineers and other technical personnel involved in the design, operation, and maintenance of facilities and equipment where deflagration and detonation flame arresters (DDFAs) may be required, this book fosters effective application and operation of DDFAs through treatment of...

Avoiding Static Ignition Hazards in Chemical Operations

September, 1999
Written by Laurence Britton, who has over 20 years' experience in the fields of static ignition and process fire and explosion hazards research, this resource addresses an area not extensively covered in process safety standards or literature: understanding and reducing potential hazards associated...

Prevent Pulsation Problems in Piping Systems

March
2006
Fluids and Solids Handling
Mark Corbo
Eliminate unnecessary damage in piping systems by following these guidelines to avoid pulsations from pumps and compressors.

Cost Management in Heat-Transfer-Fluid Systems

July
2006
Heat Transfer
Conrad E. Gamble, P.E.
By taking ownership of fluid-related decisions for the entire life of the project, from design through dismantling, users can secure the best and lowest-cost approach in process heating and cooling.

Easy Ways to Improve Energy Efficiency

December
2012
Operations & Maintenance
Alan Rossiter, Veerasamy Venkatesan
Managing the energy consumption of a process does not need to be complicated. This article presents some examples of less-complicated strategies.

Optimal Automated Process Fault Analysis

January, 2013
With this book as their guide, readers have a powerful new tool for ensuring the safety and reliability of any chemical processing system. It details a tested and proven strategy to develop optimal automated process fault analyzers.

Distillation Troubleshooting

March, 2006
The last half-century of research on distillation has tremendously improved our understanding and design of industrial distillation equipment and systems. High-speed computers have taken over the design, control, and operation of towers. Invention and innovation in tower internals have greatly...

Pipe Flow: A Practical and Comprehensive Guide

May, 2012
Pipe Flow provides the information required to design and analyze the piping systems needed to support a broad range of industrial operations, distribution systems, and power plants.

Troubleshoot and Solve Pneumatic Conveying Problems

June
2010
Fluids and Solids Handling
Eric Maynard, Eric Maynard
Use this scientific approach instead of a costly trial-and-error method to diagnose problems and implement solutions for conveying systems.

Succeed at Process Integration

January
2004
Career Catalyst
Alan Rossiter
In the application of pinch analysis for energy efficiency improvement and process optimization, technical excellence is necessary and human interactions are important for project success.

Make Your Plant More Energy-Efficient

December
2005
Heat Transfer
Alan Rossiter
Improve energy management by optimizing current equipment and operations, implementing economic investments, and engaging in sustaining activities.

Exploring Instrumentation Alternatives

September
2008
Instrumentation
Robert Baker
Salvaged, remanufactured, refurbished or new-surplus equipment may be a cost-effective option. Here's how to recognize when such devices may no longer meet safety or regulatory requirements.

Evaluating Chiller Performance

May
2003
Heat Transfer
Charles Churchman
Use these simple temperature and flow measurement techniques to evaluate chilled-utility performance and identify the most cost-effective upgrades.

Specifying Laser Scanning Services

May
2005
Plant Design
Eric Hoffman
Increasingly, project managers are called upon to employ laser scanning technology. However, little information available to aid with its specification. This article discusses the basics of laser scanning and the parameters that should be included...

Improving Reverse Osmosis Performance

September
2010
Reactions and Separations
Loraine Huchler
Follow these guidelines for monitoring, evaluating, and troubleshooting RO units to ensure reliable and efficient system operation.

Spray Dryers: A Guide to Performance Evaluation, 2nd Edition

August, 2004
Spray Dryers: A Guide to Performance Evaluation, Second Edition discusses the reasons for spray drying. These reasons are usually to produce a product with certain desired properties or with better efficiency than other methods. The book discusses how to plan in light of these objectives and gives...

AIChE Equipment Testing Procedure - Particle Size Classifiers, 2nd Edition

June, 1993
This procedure offers complete methodologies for sampling and measuring particle streams and summarizes methods of particle size analysis. It also lists operating variables to be considered and measured. Although the procedure is intended specifically for particle classification equipment, many of...

The Chemical Industry Phoenix

June
2012
Process Automation Corner
Terry McMahon
Seven years ago, I wrote a column for another publica­ tion entitled “The U.S. Chemical Industry: R.I.P.” This pillar of American economic strength, which a few years earlier was the leading exporter among U.S. manufac­turing sectors (with net exports of $15–20 billion annually), was shriveling due in large part to policy blunders and regula­tory mistakes.

Take Another Look at Steam Traps

June
2001
Fluids and Solids Handling
S. Raghavi  Chari
Think twice before installing a steam trap. In the case of superheated lines, steam traps may prove to be a waste of time, effort, and money

Maintaining Piping and Support Systems

June
2005
Operations And Maintenance
Gerry May
With proper pipe support design, installation and maintenance, pipe damage should normally not develop for decades.

Determine the Right Eye Protection

September
2011
Safety
Harry J. Elston
Wearing the appropriate protective eyewear begins with a thorough safety assessment. These guidelines clarify how to identify hazards and select protective equipment to avoid eye injuries.

Track Condenser Performance

February
2003
Heat Transfer
Brad Buecker
An effective monitoring program can extend equipment life, improve operations, and yield substantial energy savings.

Guidelines for Crystallizer Selection and Operation

October
2004
Reactions and Separations
Wayne Genck
Continuous crystallizers serve a wide range of applications in the chemical process industries. Optimize system performance by heeding these practical design and operating principles, which apply to the forced circulation (FC), draft-tube-baffle (...

Reduce Risk When Sourcing Abroad

October
2010
Fluids and Solids Handling
Gregory T. Benz, Ling Du
Purchasing lower-cost process equipment from vendors in developing nations can be an attractive proposition in times of economic austerity. When sourcing outside local channels, keep the points discussed here in mind to avoid costly problems that go...

Optimizing Batch Operations

January
2006
Reactions and Separations
Kah Loong Choong, Robin Smith
Use this novel method to optimize the operating conditions as they vary through time in batch processes.

Reduce Dust Explosions the Inherently Safer Way

October
2003
Fluids and Solids Handling
A. G. Dastidar, Faisal I. Khan, P. R. Amyotte
This article is aimed at the development of a framework for dust explosion prevention and mitigation that explicitly incorporates the principles of inherent safety. As distinguished from engineered and procedural safety features, inherent safety...

What’s the Price of Steam?

July
2005
Heat Transfer
Petar Varbanov , Robin Smith
Realistic steam prices are necessary for the efficient operation of a chemical production site, both to allocate realistic costs to the different businesses on the site and to provide a true economic incentive for energy conservation.

Reduce Your Compressed Air Costs

October
2011
Fluids and Solids Handling
Bill Scales, Ron Marshall
Annual operating expenses for compressed air systems can exceed the equipment’s purchase price. Follow these seven steps to implement efficiency measures that yield cost reductions.
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