AIChE

CEP: What's New

November
2014
What's New
Read about new products and services in the areas of Instrumentation, operations and maintenance, and laboratory equipment.

Apply Can’t Rather than Don’t to Your Process

December
2014
Safety
William Levinson
Many safety systems rely on human intervention to prevent incidents. A different approach is to make it impossible for a catastrophic accident to occur. Learn how to implement the Can’t Rather than Don’t principle.

CEP: Calendars

November
2014
Calendars
AIChE Meetings Calendar; AIChE Education Calendar; Webinars;

CEP: Institute News

October
2014
Institute News
New Fellows; Awards; AIChE Foundation News;Member News

Account for Uncertainty with Robust Control Design - Part 1

November
2014
Instrumentation
Sachi Dash, J. Ward MacArthur, Konstantinos Tsakalis, Rakesh Joshi
The dynamic behavior of your process can never be modeled perfectly. However, process controllers can be designed to handle this so-called uncertainty.

CEP: YPOV - K-12 Outreach: It’s Fun and Beneficial to Your Career

November
2014
YPOV
Colin Young
I have been involved in K-12 outreach for the past five years and have worked with students of all ages — from first graders to high school seniors. For me, outreach has been both personally and professionally rewarding. Through outreach, I have gained some valuable skills, which I think every engineer, especially young engineers, can benefit from.

Consider the Role of Safety Layers in the Bhopal Disaster

December
2014
Safety
Ronald Willey
As the situation unfolded, numerous layers of protection failed. Take a look at the safety layers that worked and those that did not, and ask whether there are similarities at your facility.

CEP: Spotlight on Safety - Personal Growth and Lessons Learned from Two Global Tragedies

November
2014
Spotlight on Safety
Louisa Nara
The 30-year anniversaries of two events of significance to the chemical engineering profession, particularly the process safety community, occur in November and December — the PEMEX disaster outside of Mexico City, Mexico, and the Union Carbide Corp. tragedy in Bhopal, India. These two incidents, two-and-a-half weeks apart, molded my professional career and ultimately motivated me to work for the Center for Chemical Process Safety (CCPS) at AIChE, where our mission is to prevent such tragedies from occurring.

CEP: Process Safety Beacon - Bhopal – The Worst Industrial Disaster in History

December
2014
Process Safety Beacon
Thirty years ago — just after midnight on Dec. 3, 1984 — a pesticide plant in Bhopal, India, released approximately 40 tons of highly toxic methyl isocyanate (MIC) into the atmosphere. There were thousands of fatalities, hundreds of thousands of injuries, as well as long term health, environmental, and economic impacts. This incident is widely considered to be the worst industrial disaster in history.

SBE Supplement: A Decade of Progress (Full 28-Page Supplement)

November
2014
SBE Special Section
Jessica Winter, Gauri Nabar, Gregory Stephanopoulos, Michael Ladisch, Abigail Engelberth, Kimberly Ogden, Nathan Mosier, June Wispelwey, Matthew B. Murphy, Hsu-Yuan Fu, Arpan Bandyopadhyay, Nandita Vishwanathan, Wei-Shou Hu, Daniel Blashki, Rachel M. Buchanan, Eduardo Ximenes
Celebrating a Decade of Progress in Biological Engineering; Genomics and Systems Biotechnology in Biopharmaceutical Processing; Block-Copolymer Nanocomposites for Biomedical Applications; Stem Cell Therapy for Regenerative Medicine; Biological Engineering and the Emerging Cellulose Ethanol Industry; Algae as a Bio-Feedstock.

CEP: Process Safety Beacon - An LPG Tragedy

November
2014
Process Safety Beacon
At about 5:30 a.m. on Nov. 19, 1984, there was a major fire and a series of explosions at a liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) storage and distribution terminal at San Juan Ixhuatepec, Mexico City, Mexico. There were over 500 fatalities, about 7,000 injuries, 200,000 people were evacuated, and the terminal was destroyed. The blasts were recorded on a seismometer 20 km (12.4 miles) away. Most of the injuries and fatalities were in the surrounding community — people were living as close as 130 m (425 ft) from the terminal. The cause of the accident could not be definitively established because of the destruction of the facilities and absence of witness reports.

CEP: Editorial - Print It or Forget It

November
2014
Editorial
Cynthia Mascone
When I bought my iPad a few years ago, I was looking forward to accessing a library of books without lugging around the weight. And reading the newspaper online would keep the newsprint from dirtying my hands. Now that I’ve had the iPad for three years, though, I see that my expectations were not realistic. Yes, I can access books and newspapers on my iPad. But actually reading them is another matter.

First to File: Patents for Today’s Scientist and Engineer

October, 2014
Inventors may be baffled by the complexity of the patent system. This book from an attorney is written for engineers and scientists, rather than patent professionals. It uses lay terms and practical examples to explain the latest updates to patent law, sets out the changes in determinations of patentable novelty, and focuses on the growth of new technologies industry versus the laws protecting them.

Control of Batch Processes

June, 2014
Approaching batch processing from the process perspective, with emphasis on the advantages of using structured logic in the automation of all but the simplest batch processes, this book provides engineers with real-world insight into analyzing control requirements, developing control logic to meet these requirements, and troubleshooting controls in batch processes.

CEP: Profile - John Televantos: Creating Value in Business and the Economy

October
2014
Profile
For a chemical engineer, John Televantos has a unique job: “We try to look into the future to see what’s most likely to happen and then invest in businesses that can help make that future a reality,” he says. He is a Partner at Arsenal Capital Partners, a private equity firm based in New York, NY. By making careful and research-driven investments, Arsenal Capital helps smaller businesses in the chemicals and materials sectors grow — something that Televantos believes has a strong positive impact on society.

CEP: Editorial - Harnessing Our Abilities

October
2014
Editorial
Cynthia Mascone
We all have limits to our abilities. Some of us stumble over our words and lose our train of thought when speaking to a group; others can’t string together three coherent sentences. Some of us get so bogged down in minutiae that we lose sight of the big picture; others are so busy dreaming up the next project that we neglect important details and miss deadlines. This thinking extends to physical characteristics. Some of us are so short that we can’t reach the second shelf in the cabinet; others are so tall that we can’t fit into the backseat of a car.

CEP: Process Safety Beacon - Dust Explosions – Clean up this Hazard

October
2014
Process Safety Beacon
In August 2014, the U.S. Chemical Safety and Hazard Investigation Board (CSB) reported the results of an investigation into a December 2010 explosion in a titanium and zirconium scrap-metal processing facility in West Virginia. The explosion caused three fatalities and one injury. Here is a brief summary of what is believed to have happened.

CEP: Catalyzing Commercialization: Producing Tailor-Made Polymers at the Commercial Scale

October
2014
Catalyzing Commercialization
Today’s modern lifestyle demands highly functional products — from water-wicking fabrics and age-defying beauty products to patient-specific medicines and high-tech electronics — many of which rely on polymers. In turn, to meet these demands, manufacturers are asking for the ability to design and produce polymers with precise control over composition and architecture. Such sophisticated control, however, is not possible with the dominant incumbent technology, free-radical polymerization. Thanks to a process developed by Carnegie Mellon Univ. spin-out ATRP Solutions, creating the perfect polymer with exactly the right composition, size, and shape just got much easier.

CEP: Material Matters - Managing Aging Plants

October
2014
Material Matters
Kirk Richardson
Many industrial plants currently operating around the world have already surpassed their design life expectancies. Despite the challenges they face, such as corrosion and new regulations, these operations continue to be productive. To maintain the status quo and continue operation, plant managers need to keep a watchful eye on every aspect of the facility, from inspection and maintenance programs to the bottom line. Of course, plant safety and the environment, both of which can rise to the top of an aging plant’s list of concerns, are always on their minds.

SBE Update

March
2011
SBE Special Section
Miriam Cortes-Caminero

CEP: Journal Highlight - A Path Toward the Perfect Chemical Reactor

October
2014
Journal Highlight
The ability to control chemical reactions to efficiently and selectively produce the desired products has vastly improved over the past decades, with increasingly sophisticated techniques now available to dictate the outcome of these reactions. While much progress has been made, much more is needed to realize a perfect reactor, which would allow for full control of chemical transformations at the molecular level. In the October AIChE Journal Perspective article, “Practical Challenges in Energy-Based Control of Molecular Transformations in Chemical Reactors,” Andrzej Stankiewicz, Izabela Szydłowska Franssen, Daniel Irimia, and Georgios Stefanidis of Delft Univ. of Technology expand on this topic of molecular control in chemical reactors.

CEP: News Update

October
2014
News Update
Tiny Assembly Line Builds Organic Molecules One Side Group at a Time; Engineered Microbes Synthesize Bio-Propane; Buckyballs Boost Organic Solar Cell Efficiency; Masquerade Ball: Squid Skin Inspires a New Material; A Microbial Approach to Pain Management; Phase Change: Liquid Battery for Grid-Scale Storage; and more.

CEP: Career Corner - Three Books to Advance Your Career

October
2014
Career Corner
Loraine Kasprzak
One thing I’ve realized while writing the Career Corner column is that there is always more to learn about topics such as networking, leadership, personal branding, and career success. This trio of books expands on several topics I have explored in...

CEP: What's New

October
2014
What's New
Read about new products and services in the areas of fluids and solids handling, materials and chemicals, and environmental, health and safety.

CEP: Calendars

October
2014
Calendars
AIChE Meetings Calendar; AIChE Education Calendar; Webinars

Understand the Effects of Moisture on Powder Behavior

October
2014
Fluids and Solids Handling
Brian Armstrong, Katrina Brockbank, Jamie Clayton
The relationship between humidity and powder behavior is complicated. Therefore, comprehensive, case-by-case testing is required.

Introduction to Fluidization

November
2014
Back To Basics
Ted Knowlton, Raymond Cocco, S. B. Reddy Karri
Fluidized beds offer excellent heat transfer, and have the unique ability to move a wide range of solid particles in a fluid-like fashion. This article explains the basics of fluidization theory and outlines how to design a typical fluidized bed.

OTC Brasil 2015

October 27-29, 2015

OTC Brasil 2015 will cover all aspects of offshore oil, gas exploration and development including topics related to geology, geophysics and sub-surface technologies, offshore drilling and wells system, floating structures, advanced subsea production.

10th European Conference of Chemical Engineering

September 27 - October 1, 2015
ECCE10 will bring together researchers, scientists, engineers, policymakers, industrial professionals & managers, entrepreneurs and students to exchange and share their experiences, new ideas, innovations, and research results about all aspects of Chemical Engineering, Applied Biotechnology and Process Intensification.

CEP: YPOV - Anything Can Change, But Not Everything Must

September
2014
YPOV
Alex Ruddick
Good morning! Or should I say good evening? The sun is just setting as I write this in Mangalore, India, where the time leads the U.S. by half a day. By the time this article is printed, India Standard Time will join the growing list of time zones...

CEP: AIChE Journal Highlight - How Big Data Analytics Will Revolutionize Chemical Manufacturing

September
2014
Journal Highlight
Engineering processes, operating units, and equipment are designed with clear objectives and usually operated under well-controlled circumstances as designed. However, for emerging situations that are not factored into the design, data become indispensable assets in decision-making for safe and efficient operations. In the September AIChE Journal Perspective article, “Process Data Analytics in the Era of Big Data,” S. Joe Qin, who is on leave from the Dept. of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science at the Univ. of Southern California, Los Angeles to work at the Chinese Univ. of Hong Kong, Shenzhen, demonstrates how data have been effectively used in process operations and control. He also provides new perspectives on how chemical process systems might evolve to a new paradigm of data-enhanced operations and control.

CEP: Editorial - Elements of Fun

September
2014
Editorial
Cynthia Mascone
This is an expanded version of the Editorial that appeared in the print version of Chemical Engineering Progress, September 2014. Whenever I come across an interesting article or tidbit of information in the general media that I think might make a...

CEP: News Update

September
2014
News Update
The Science Behind the Breakthrough Ebola Treatment; Polymers Crystallize into Zeolite-Like Structures; Magnetic Attraction: New Material Guides Fluid Flow; MoS2 Pushes Graphene Aside for Fast DNA Sequencing; and more.

Introduction to Solid-Fluid Equilibrium Modeling

September
2014
Back To Basics
Chau-Chyun Chen, Yifan Hao, Sheik Tanveer
This article introduces the thermodynamic property models that are commonly used in process simulators to perform solid-liquid equilibrium and solid-supercritical fluid equilibrium calculations.

CEP: What's New

September
2014
What's New
http://www.aiche.org/resources/publications/cep/2014/september/catalyzin...

Improve the Performance of Your Boiler System

October
2014
Heat Transfer
Daniel Skiles
A condensing economizer, a blowdown heat-recovery unit, or a glycol air heater can increase a boiler system’s overall efficiency by recovering heat from the hot fluegas or blowdown water.

Save Energy through the Superior Energy Performance Program

September
2014
Energy
Paul Scheihing
Facilities have improved their energy efficiency by implementing the ISO 50001 energy-management standard and participating in the U.S. Dept. of Energy’s SEP program. Here’s how your facility can earn SEP certification while reducing its energy use and saving money.

CEP: Institute News

September
2014
Institute News
Women’s Retention and Re-entry; WISE Interns; Gala Will Promote a Diverse Profession; Cussler is Named Institute Lecturer; and more.

Identify Process Improvements for Energy Efficiency

September
2014
Energy
Alan Rossiter, Joeseph L. Davis, Jr.
The energy efficiency improvement potential of chemical processes is often overlooked. A process flow diagram review is the first step toward reducing your plant’s energy consumption.

CEP: Calendars

September
2014
Calendars
AIChE Meetings Calendar AIChE Education Calendar Webinars

CEP: Process Automation Corner - Communicating the Message of Economic Opportunity

September
2014
Process Automation Corner
Terry McMahon
Many of us were taught that communicating a message is a three-step process. First, “you tell them what you’re gonna tell them.” Second, “you tell them.” Third, “you tell them what you told them.” A message relevant to chemical engineers that urgently needs delivering is this: The U.S. chemicals industry is re-emerging as a world-class dynamo with the potential to propel U.S. manufacturing to world-class status and, with it, the U.S. economy. The ultimate outcome of this is economic opportunity for our children and grandchildren.

Catalyzing Commercialization: Greening the Packaging Industry

September
2014
Catalyzing Commercialization
Globalization has changed the landscape of global manufacturing and supply chains, creating huge opportunities for more efficient production of goods and services, but also significant sustainability issues. One such challenge is the waste of packaging materials throughout the supply chain. Northern Technologies International Corp. (NTIC), a small business headquartered in Circle Pines, MN, has developed bio-degradable, compostable, and, for the first time, bio-based, polylactide (PLA) for blown plastic packaging films and end products.

CEP: Editorial - Get Smart about Electricity

August
2014
Editorial
Cynthia Mascone
According to the Edison Foundation, nearly 40% of U.S. households, about 46 million residences, are outfitted with a smart meter for monitoring and managing electricity use. Some of these meters operate under direct load control (DLC), which allows the utility to intermittently interrupt service to connected appliances — such as electric heaters, central air conditioning systems, water heaters, hot tubs, and clothes dryer heating elements — during periods of peak electricity demand. In return for their willingness to accept these short (typically no more than a few hours) power interruptions, customers receive a payment or a credit on their electric bill. Smart metering is a form of demand-side management, and is an important part of the evolving smart grid.
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