AIChE | The Global Home of Chemical Engineers

ChemShow Experts Look to the Future

November
2009
News Feature
Matthew McKeon-Slattery
Industry experts share their opinions on what they consider to be important recent breakthroughs and what they predict will be next for the CPI.

Selecting Elbows for Pneumatic Conveying Systems

September
2007
Fluids and Solids Handling
Paul Wagner
The right elbow can keep your system operating at peak performance, reduce maintenance costs, and minimize material attrition and elbow wear. This article describes common elbows and outlines factors to consider when selecting one.

Beware of the Dangers of Cold Traps

February
2013
Safety
James R. Risko
Cold traps — steam traps that no longer drain condensate — are often ignored in lieu of less-critical leaking traps, until a catastrophic event, such as a plant shutdown or personal injury, occurs. Use historical data to accurately estimate the annual cost of these cold traps to justify their swift repair.

Cost Management in Heat-Transfer-Fluid Systems

July
2006
Heat Transfer
Conrad E. Gamble, P.E.
By taking ownership of fluid-related decisions for the entire life of the project, from design through dismantling, users can secure the best and lowest-cost approach in process heating and cooling.

Optimizing an Organic Rankine Cycle

January
2013
Heat Transfer
Ali Bourji, P.E., Alan Winstead
An organic Rankine cycle (ORC) system can be a cost-effective way to convert waste heat to electricity. The key is finding the best ratio of net power recovery to capital cost.

CEP: News Update

January
2013
News Update
Global Relationships Take Center Stage at the 2012 Annual Meeting; No Boiling Needed: Nanoparticles Convert Sunlight into Steam; Hydrogen Power Goes Mobile; Carbon Nanotubes Team Up with Graphene; New Process Brings Bendable Electronics Closer to Reality; and more.

CEP: Institute News

January
2013
Institute News
President’s Corner New Fellows Member News Calendar

Global Relationships Take Center Stage at the 2012 Annual Meeting

January
2013
News Feature
In support of its strategic mission to become a global organization of chemical engineering practitioners, AIChE hosted three joint international symposia at the 2012 AIChE Annual Meeting held in Pittsburgh, PA, Oct. 28 to Nov. 2. AIChE joined with...

AIChE Journal Highlight: An Engineering Roadmap for Biorefining

January
2013
Journal Highlight
In the January AIChE Journal Perspective article, “Engineering Biomass Conversion Processes: A Systems Perspective,” Univ. of Minnesota researchers Prodromos Daoutidis, W. Alex Marvin, Srinivas Rangarajan, and Ana Torres discuss the challenges,...

CEP: Material Matters - A Better, Faster Way to Test FRP

January
2013
Material Matters
Kirk Richardson
Users of fiber-reinforced plastic (FRP) in the chemical process industries (CPI) have long recognized the limitations of the test protocol currently used to determine material compatibility, ASTM C581, Standard Practice for Determining Chemical...

Shale Gas Brightens Outlook for U.S. Chemicals

January
2013
Chem Economics
Martha Gilchrist Moore, T. Kevin Swift
The chemical industry will experience moderate annual growth over the next few years — ranging between 2.2% and 4.6% through 2017. The higher growth rate accounts for new investments announced in response to the abundant supply of shale-based...

CEP: YPOV - “A journey of 26.2 miles begins…”

January
2013
YPOV
May Shek
The new year brings the excitement of setting new goals. I have learned my best lessons on goal setting from one of my hobbies, running — and what I’ve learned can be applied to professional goals as well.

Developing Safety Standard for Pilot Plants

October
2006
Safety
Richard P. Palluzi
Safety standards can significantly improve pilot plant safety and increase efficiency. This article addresses many of the issues involved in developing, deploying and using such standards.

Use Guided-Wave Radar to Measure Water Level in Steam Loops

December
2012
Back To Basics
Ravi Jethra, Keith Riley
Guided-wave radar (GWR) is a useful tool for measuring water level in steam loops. This article describes GWR design and operation, and how this technology differs from more traditional forms of level indication.

Six Steps to Effectively Update and Revalidate PHAs

January
2001
Safety
David K. Whittle, Kevin  Smith
Process hazard analyses must be revamped — or redone from scratch — every five years by law. Following the guidance given here will facilitate this effort.

Before OSHA Comes Knocking ...

March
2009
Safety
Daniel Steinway
The OSHA Process Safety Management National Emphasis Program will soon apply to the chemical industry, targeting compliance with safety standards associated with chemical hazards.

CEP: Institute News

December
2012
Institute News
2012 Annual Meeting; President’s Corner; Divisions and Forums Present Honors; Election Results; Member News; Calendar

Reshaping Process Safety Regulations

March
2002
Safety
Walter L. Frank
Changes to OSHA's PSM rule and EPA's RMP programs are underway, due to pressures from various groups and the need for greater security.

CEP: Editorial - The Invention that Wasn't

November
2012
Editorial
Cynthia F. Mascone
On the first day of our visit to Walt Disney World, my then-seven-year-old son got lost in the Magic Kingdom. Luckily, he was somewhere on Tom Sawyer Island, so our search area was limited. On the second day, he wandered off in the Honey, I Shrunk the Kids attraction (also an enclosed space, thankfully). Those experiences gave me an idea for what I called Kid LoJack — a biocompatible microchip that parents could inject under a baby’s skin, and later activate to locate the child if he or she got lost or kidnapped (or stayed out past curfew). I’ve often wondered — civil liberties issues aside — whether I could have patented such a device.

CEP: Update

December
2012
News Update
Oxide Catalysts Get Selective; New Catalyst Challenges Platinum; Quick-Release Tape Peels with Ease; Electronic Skin Mimics the Human Epidermis

CEP: Process Safety Beacon - Good Housekeeping for Safety

December
2012
Process Safety Beacon
A fire started in a fiber trash drum in a process building. The drum contained solder flux and paste, welding debris, general trash, and oil-soaked rags. It had not been emptied for a long time. The ignition source may have been hot welding debris...

Engineering Complex Phenotypes in Industrial Strains

November, 2012
This book explains current trends and developments in engineering biocatalysts for the production of bulk chemical and biofuels from renewable biomass. The authors guide readers through the engineering of the complex traits and phenotypes needed for particular biocatalysts and bioprocesses.

ONE-STEP FERMENTATIVE PRODUCTION OF POLYLACTIC ACID

May
2012
SBE Special Section
Min Kyung Kim , Sang Yup Lee, Si Jae Park
The use of PLA has been hindered by its complex and expensive synthesis process. A new technology promises to change this — giving PLA a chance to compete with fossil-based plastics.

Cut Agitator Power Costs

November
2012
Back To Basics
Gregory T. Benz, P.E.
Agitator power consumption can be minimized by judicious equipment selection and careful operating procedures. Follow these guidelines to reduce your plant’s energy costs. In some cases, it may be as simple as flipping a switch.

CEP: Institute News

November
2012
Institute News
WISE Interns Annual Meeting "Best Papers" Connie Carroll Memorial Award Calendar

CEP: Spotlight on Safety - LOPA — A Valuable Risk-Reduction Tool

November
2012
Spotlight on Safety
John F. Murphy, P.E.
Layer of protection analysis (LOPA) is a simplified process risk-assessment technique that uses order-of-magnitude estimates for initiating events, consequence severity, and likelihood of failure of independent protection layers (IPLs) to approximate the risk of a scenario. It is generally used after a process hazard analysis (PHA) team has identified a hazard scenario that requires further analysis to ensure the adequacy of the safeguards that exist or are being proposed.

Taiwan's Chemical Industry: Looking Back and Looking Ahead

April
2012
Global Outlook
Shien-Chang Chen, Yu-Chen Hu
Since World War II, Taiwan’s chemical industry and economy have escalated dramatically. Self-sufficient in many areas, today Taiwan still faces the challenges imposed by government technical initiatives, international trade policies and regulations...

CEP: YPOV - DNA Goes Digital

November
2012
YPOV
Arjun Gopalratnam
The ubiquity of digital and server-stored file formats has brought about increased interest in ensuring that creative works conceived today will be preserved, digitally, forever. Chemical engineers play an important role in preserving this in DNA...

CEP: Commentary - Working Together to Put CFATS Back on Track

November
2012
Commentary
Bill Allmond
More than five years ago, Congress enacted the most robust and comprehensive chemical security regulatory program to date. The regulation — the Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards (CFATS) — protects facilities against attack without impairing...

CEP: News Update

November
2012
News Update
Magic Act: Electronics Disappear into their Surroundings; New Material Boasts World-Record Efficiency; Brain Cancer Studies Point to a Bio-Based Route to Nylon; Nickel Misbehaves in Li-ion Batteries, Solar Energy Gets Mixed Up

CEP: Chem Economics - Post-9/11 Chemical Security Spending

November
2012
Chem Economics
Martha Gilchrist Moore
The terrorist attacks that occurred on September 11, 2001, changed the world and forever altered the way American chemistry conducts business. While improving facility security is not a new endeavor for chemical companies, the industry has increased...

Best Practices for Heat Tracing Pilot Plants

November
2012
Heat Transfer
Richard P. Palluzi, P.E.
Heat tracing a pilot plant is a difficult task, but with proper design and careful installation, the tracing system can operate safely and effectively.

Be Smart about Column Design

November
2012
Reactions and Separations
Daniel R. Summers, P.E., Mark Pilling, P.E.
Optimizing distillation equipment and processes can improve both the profitability and the greenness of an operation.

Distillation Troubleshooting

March, 2006
The last half-century of research on distillation has tremendously improved our understanding and design of industrial distillation equipment and systems. High-speed computers have taken over the design, control, and operation of towers. Invention and innovation in tower internals have greatly...

Solid-Liquid Separation: A Guide to Centrifuge Selection

July
2012
Back To Basics
Tom Patnaik
Centrifugation is a necessary step in many pharmaceutical and chemical production processes. These guidelines will help chemical engineers better understand the process of centrifuge selection.

CEP: Product Digest

September
2012
Product Digest
This month's topic is measurement equipment.

CEP: Editorial - On the Path to Sustainability

July
2012
Editorial
Cynthia F. Mascone
I love soaking up nature — whether I’m hiking over the red rocks of Sedona, strolling along Jones Beach as the waves of the Atlantic Ocean roll in, taking shelter indoors as an angry thunderstorm rages outside, stargazing miles from the nearest town … or just sitting on my porch watching the grass in my tiny New York City yard grow. Whatever the activity, I continue to be amazed at the awesomeness of the world we live in. Yet I wonder what the planet will be like for our children. Will nature still be as wonderful for them as it is for me?

CEP: Books

August
2012
Books
Books Include: Guidelines for Engineering Design for Process Safety, 2nd Edition Capitalizing on Nature: Ecosystems as Natural Assets Pipe Flow: A Practical and Comprehensive Guide

RHEOLOGICAL CHARACTERIZATION OF BIO-BASED MATERIALS

May
2012
SBE Special Section
D. Bhopatkar, O.H. Campanella, P.H.S. Santos
Experimental and analytical tools combined with computational studies can be used to design new bio-based materials tailored for specific applications.
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