AIChE | The Global Home of Chemical Engineers

CEP: Institute News

February
2014
Institute News
In Memoriam: John Chen, AIChE Fellow and Former President Jack Weaver, Former AIChE Director of Technical Programs

CEP: AIChE Journal Highlight - Casting Process Safety as a Control Problem

January
2014
Journal Highlight
Process safety has come a long way since the Bhopal tragedy in 1984. However, accidents in the chemical process industries continue to occur. Post-mortem analysis has indicated that many were preventable and had similar systemic causes. This begs the question: Why do we fail to learn from past events and make adequate changes to prevent their recurrence? In the January AIChE Journal Perspective article, “A System-Theoretic, Control-Inspired View and Approach to Process Safety,” Nancy G. Leveson and George Stephanopoulos of MIT offer their take on this question.

CEP: News Update

January
2014
News Update
Harmless Virus Helps Assemble Li-O2 Cathode for Batteries; A Sticky Solution for Tissue Engineering; Biopatch Catalyzes Bone Regeneration; Shape-Shifting Material Heats Up; and more

CEP: Institute News

January
2014
Institute News
President’s Corner: Our Evolving Profession; AIChE Gala Spotlights Ethics; Southwest Process Technology Conference; Award Nominations; Member News

CEP: Process Safety Beacon - Corrosion Under Insulation (CUI)

January
2014
Process Safety Beacon
Corrosion under insulation (CUI) is corrosion of piping, tanks, or other equipment that occurs due to water under insulation or fireproofing. Faulty or damaged insulation is frequently a source of the water that causes corrosion, and the insulation may also hide the damage so you are not aware of it.

Fermentation Fundamentals: Brewing Bugs for Bioengineering

January
2014
Back To Basics
Sujata K. Bhatia
A fermentation process leverages live cells to manufacture a variety of products. Choosing the correct host cell, as well as the optimal production equipment and method, are the fundamental first steps of these complex processes.

CEP: Material Matters - New Models to Prevent Corrosion Under Insulation

January
2014
Material Matters
Kirk Richardson
CUI is common in processing plants and refineries operating equipment in a temperature range of 25–400˚F. The cost to industry in time, money, and risk is staggering, drawing the interest of the Materials Technology Institute (MTI) and others in the chemical process industries.

CEP: Calendars

January
2014
Calendars
AIChE Meetings Calendar; Webinars; AIChE Education Calendar

CEP: Institute News

December
2013
Institute News
Annual Meeting Wrap-Up, President’s Corner: To Shape the Future We Want, AIChE Foundation Honors Stuart Churchill, AIChE Foundation Heralds ChE’s “Promise” in New Film, and more.

Protect Your Process with the Proper Flame Arresters

December
2013
Safety
Michael Davies, Thomas Heidermann
A flame arrester may be installed to keep an external flame out of a tank or vessel or to ensure that a flame burning within a pipeline does not propagate to other equipment. Use the information presented here to determine what type of device is appropriate for your application.

CEP: Calendars

December
2013
Calendars
AIChE Meetings Calendar, Webinars, and AIChE Education Calendar.

CEP: Process Automation Corner - Real-Time Analytics for Pharmaceutical Quality Control

December
2013
Process Automation Corner
Terry McMahon
When the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), under the leadership of Ajaz Hussain, then the Associate Director of the FDA’s Center for Drug Evaluation and Research (CDER), launched the Process Analytical Technology (PAT) Initiative a decade ago, it set in motion a multifaceted search for a more scientifically based approach to pharmaceutical manufacturing and quality assurance. Hussain’s call for more PAT in the industry’s manufacturing operations was really more of a challenge to current practices than a proscriptive program. The pharmaceutical industry has responded with a renewed emphasis on understanding the scientific basis of its processes, and toward that end has made significant investments in personnel and tools.

CEP: News Update

December
2013
News Update
Made-to-Order Materials Move Forward; 3D Photonic Crystal Stands Up to the Heat; Battery Electrode Acquires Self-Healing Power; GHG Emissions Decline as Power Plants Switch to Natural Gas; and more.

CEP: Process Safety Beacon - Hazards of Strong Oxidizers

December
2013
Process Safety Beacon
A worker was asked to move two open-top 5-gal pails containing aqueous sodium permanganate solution from one location to another. When he picked up the pails, the contents of one of them erupted, spraying him with the solution. Sodium permanganate is a strong oxidizer, and the splashed material set the worker’s clothing on fire. His injuries required hospital treatment.

Special Section: Energy - Lithium-Ion Batteries: The Basics

October
2013
Special Section
Robert Spotnitz
Batteries come in a variety of chemistries and designs. Using fundamental principles, the theoretical performance of these electrochemical cells can be determined, enabling you to engineer the optimal device.

CEP: News Update

November
2013
News Update
Genetically Engineered Yeast Consume Toxic Byproduct; New Device Performs Double Duty; Simulations Shine Light on Future Solar Materials; Closing the Voltage Gap; and more.

Optimize Energy Use in Industrial Cooling Systems

November
2013
Heat Transfer
Michael R. Muller, Michael B. Muller, Prakash Rao
Potential energy savings for chilled-water cooling systems are often overlooked. A detailed review of the cooling system along with the appropriate temperature and flowrate measurements will help you identify ways to cash in on these savings.

Consider Single-Use Equipment for Biomanufacturing

November
2013
Fluids and Solids Handling
Roman Rodriguez
Traditional stainless steel equipment is increasingly being replaced with disposable units in new and existing processes alike, enabling more flexibility, higher efficiencies, and lower costs. Follow the guidance offered here to determine the most-effective single-use approach for your facility.

CEP: Process Safety Beacon - Holiday Operations

November
2013
Process Safety Beacon
Many plants shut down or reduce operations during a holiday period. Equipment may be in a non-standard condition while processes are on hold or shut down. Even though the plant is shut down, it is likely that hazardous materials are still present in storage tanks and process vessels. Equipment that is shut down may be opened for inspection or maintenance. Some plants continue to operate during a holiday but with reduced staff, delaying less-critical activities.

CEP: Calendars

November
2013
Calendars
AIChE Meetings Calendar Webinars AIChE Education Calendar

CEP: Institute News

October
2013
Institute News
2013 Institute and Board of Directors’ Award Recipients UOP’s Gautam is Selected to Receive the Inaugural AIChE Government and Industry Leaders (AGILE) Award Anseth will Present Bailey Award Lecture at San Francisco Annual Meeting Member News

CEP: Process Safety Beacon - Electrical Equipment in Hazardous Areas

October
2013
Process Safety Beacon
One hundred years ago, on Oct. 14, 1913, the Senghenydd Colliery in Glamorgan, South Wales, exploded, resulting in 439 fatalities. This was the worst coal mine disaster in the history of the U.K. The incident is believed to have been started by...

CEP: Material Matters - Recognizing Corrosion

October
2013
Material Matters
Kirk Richardson
As chemical processing plants and related facilities age, they typically develop problems with corrosion. Allowing deterioration to progress until a piece of equipment needs to be discarded and replaced — called the “run to failure” option — can be...

Special Section: Energy - Lithium-Ion Batteries: Endless Uses

October
2013
Special Section
Andrew N. Jansen
Lithium-ion batteries can be tailored to suit a range of products in almost any industry. This article describes the main applications for which these batteries are used, and explores some of the challenges hindering future advances.

CEP: Profile - Working at the Triple Point

October
2013
Profile
Chaitan Khosla, the Wells H. Rauser and Harold M. Petiprin Professor of Chemical Engineering and Chemistry at Stanford Univ., has always been attracted to challenges at the intersection of chemistry, biology, and engineering, particularly those...

Optimize Your Conference Poster's Impact

August
2010
Career Catalyst
L. P. Driskill
Engineers routinely optimize process designs; poster designs need optimization too. Use these techniques and strategies to create a poster that captures and holds the viewer's attention.

CEP: News Update

September
2013
News Update
Electronic Skin Lights Up When Touched; Nature-Inspired Windows Cool Themselves Down; First Commercial Production of Cellulosic Biofuel Begins; Water-Splitting Process Produces H2 Isothermally; and more

CEP: Process Safety Beacon - Air Power

September
2013
Process Safety Beacon
Air is always all around us, and the oxygen it contains is necessary for life. But, compressed air (or any other compressed gas) contains a lot of energy and can cause major damage if a vessel or pipe fails.

AIChE Journal Highlight - Tribute to Founders: Neal R. Amundson

September
2013
Journal Highlight
Chemical engineering as it is known today — in which theoretical models are used to design and maintain processes — bears only a slight resemblance to the nascent field. In its beginnings, chemical engineering involved the dissection of chemical processes into unit processes and unit operations using mostly empirical methods. Material and energy balances soon entered the scene in the late 1920s, followed by the introduction of transport phenomena. While many scientists and engineers contributed to the evolution of chemical engineering, one man in particular stands out. Neal Russell Amundson, who became a full professor of chemical engineering at the Univ. of Minnesota at the age of 35, can be credited for the proliferation of scientific content within the chemical engineering field and profession.

CEP: Institute News

September
2013
Institute News
New Fellows; 65th Institute Lecturer; WISE Interns; Foundation News; and more

CEP: Institute News

August
2013
Institute News
New Fellows; Ammonia Safety Symposium; AIChE Election in Progress

Use Process Mapping to Improve Quality

August
2013
Management
Tony Cooper, Charlie Moore
Process mapping integrates science, engineering, and process knowledge with data and statistics to reveal opportunities for process improvement.

CEP: Process Safety Beacon - Can a Water Pump Explode?

August
2013
Process Safety Beacon
The answer must be yes, or we would not have a Beacon on this subject. The centrifugal pumps in the pictures are all water pumps that exploded. The explosions did not occur because of any contamination or chemical reaction with something that was...

CEP: News Update

August
2013
News Update
Hot Off the Press: The World’s First 3D-Printed Battery; Nonmetal Compound Catalyzes CO2-to-Methanol Reaction; Iron Catalyst Gives Hydrogenation a Green Makeover; and more

CEP: AIChE Journal Highlight - Needed: ChEs to Solve Global Challenges

August
2013
Journal Highlight
Chemical engineers and sound engineering principles have been absent from the discussions of global challenges — energy, climate change, food, and water — for too long, assert Bill Banholzer and Mark Jones of Dow Chemical in their August AIChE Journal Perspective article, “Chemical Engineers Must Focus on Practical Solutions.” Society has thus confused what is possible with what is practical, particularly when it comes to energy, where new discoveries are greeted with over-excitement and the hope that each will provide the means to supply reliable, cheap, and almost-limitless energy, the authors say. They cite the hydrogen economy, cellulosic ethanol, and fuel cells as examples of technologies that have promised much but delivered little

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