Effect of Transition Metal Catalyst On Lignin Oxidation During Alkaline Hydrogen Peroxide Pretreatment

Sustainable Engineering Forum
2011 AIChE Annual Meeting
AIChE Annual Meeting
October 17, 2011 - 8:00pm

Biomass lignocellulose can be used as feedstock for bioethanol production, and a pretreatment is necessary for achieving high ethanol yield and economical feasibility. As a method to increase enzyme digestibility of biomass by selective delignification, alkaline hydrogen peroxide (AHP) pretreatment has been proposed and studied. The lignin recalcitrance in lignocellulose biomass can be removed by H2O2 oxidation and the enzymatic hydrolysis efficiency of the polysaccharides can be greatly improved. However, a big issue with AHP pretreatment is the high cost of hydrogen peroxide during the pretreatment, and the selectivity of the oxidant need to be improved, i.e. to achieve highest pretreatment efficiency with low level of H2O2 loading.

In 1890s, Fenton discovered that iron ion can catalyze the oxidation of organic substrate by hydrogen peroxide. Since then, research has been done on the application of transition metal catalysts in catalyzing the phenol contaminant in wastewater and pulp bleaching. It is desired that catalyst can enhance selective electron transfer from lignin substrate to the oxidant and improve the selectivity of delignification reactions to unproductive side reactions.

Professional Development Hours
0.5 PDHs
You will be able to download and print a certificate for these PDH credits once the content has been viewed. If you have already viewed this content, please click here to login.
Presenter(s): 

Would you like to access this content?

No problem. You just have to complete the following steps.

You have completed 0 of 2 steps.

  1. Log in

    You must be logged in to view this content. Log in now.

  2. Purchase Technical Presentation

    You must purchase this technical presentation using one of the options below.
    If you already purchased this content recently, please click here to refresh the system's record of ownerships.

Pricing

Credits 0.5 Use credits
List Price $25.00 Buy now
AIChE Members $15.00 Buy now
AIChE Undergraduate Student Members Free Free access
AIChE Graduate Student Members Free Free access
Related Topics: