Bio-Based Materials Step into the Operating Room

September
2012

A new class of implantable medical materials — constructed from naturally derived and renewably sourced polymers — is poised to transform clinical medicine.

The search for novel materials that have optimum compatibility with the human body and the emergence of a new sustainable bioeconomy have begun to intersect. Naturally sourced biopolymers may be ideal for the design of new biomedical devices, as such polymers can effectively interface with human cells and tissues. Moreover, the chemical, physical, and mechanical properties of bio-based materials can be easily tuned to match the native properties of a variety of target tissues.

This article discusses the evolving field of bio-based materials for biomedical implants, and provides examples of successful applications of these materials in wound closure, tissue repair, and tissue regeneration.


 

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