March

Leadership Q&A: Transforming a Business

March
2016
Leadership Q&A
Mark Vergnano, President and CEO of The Chemours Co., talks to CEP about how his team is transforming the performance chemical division (which spun off from DuPont on July 1, 2015) into a higher-value chemistry company, as well as his own transition...

Optimize Aerobic Fermenter Operation

March
2016
Reactions and Separations
Gregory Benz
Fermenter optimization involves determining a profile of agitator and compressor speeds that satisfy the required oxygen transfer rates. Optimization minimizes power consumption, which will save you money.

Process Safety Beacon: Safety Devices Used as Control Devices

March
2016
Process Safety Beacon
A volunteer at a vintage railroad tourist attraction describes how he prepares a steam locomotive for operation by building up the fire to warm the firebox and increasing the boiler pressure. He explains that he knows that the locomotive is ready...

Big Data: Challenges and Future Research Directions

March
2016
Special Section
Marco S. Reis, Richard D. Braatz, Leo H. Chiang
The big data movement is creating opportunities for the chemical process industries to improve their operations. Challenges, however, lie ahead.

New Products: March 2016

March
2016
New Products
Product Focus: Flowmeters Flowmeters Measure Three Variables SwirlMaster standard (FSS430) and extended (FSS450) boast volume, mass, and energy flow measurement in one device. They leverage a unique swirl-flow measurement technology that permits...

Big Data: Getting Started on the Journey

March
2016
Special Section
Lloyd F. Colegrove, Mary Beth Seasholtz, Chaitanya Khare
This article discusses some experiences and challenges in establishing an enterprise manufacturing intelligence (EMI) platform at a major chemical manufacturing company, and recommends steps you can take to convince your management to harness big data.

Patent Update: When Does Patent Infringement Become a Federal Offense?

March
2016
Patent Update
M. Henry Heines
Patent infringement cases are generally civil matters between the patent owner and the infringer. The two sides present opposing arguments as to, on the one hand, whether the alleged infringer’s actions are actually infringing and, on the other,...

Big Data Analytics: Meet the Authors

March
2016
Special Section
Richard D. Braatz, phd, is the Edwin R. Gilliland Professor of Chemical Engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), where he does research in systems and control theory and its application to chemical and biological systems...

Technical Entity Trends: When Resources are Few

March
2016
Technical Entity Trends
Lucy Alexander
The food-energy-water (FEW) nexus, a concept that describes the interdependence of the world’s complex resource systems, has been drawing much interest and activity in the sustainability community recently. The food-energy-water nexus approach (or...

Books

March
2016
Books
The Right Kind of Crazy Adam Steltzner and William Patrick, Portfolio, London, U.K., $28, 256 pages, Jan. 2016, ISBN: 978-1-59184-695 Author Adam Steltzner led the entry, descent, and landing teams responsible for the Curiosity rover’s mission to...

Big Data: Success Stories in the Process Industries

March
2016
Special Section
Salvador García-Muñoz, John F. MacGregor
Big data holds much potential for optimizing and improving processes. See how it has already been used in a range of industries, from pharmaceuticals to pulp and paper.

YPOV: What to Ask During an Interview — and What Questions to Avoid

March
2016
YPOV
Emily Frangenberg
Interviews are a great way for an employer to get to know more about you and determine whether or not you are right for an open position. However, all too often, young professionals overlook the fact that interviews are also a time to gauge whether...

Big Data: The Four Vs

March
2016
Special Section
Big data is a big topic with a lot of potential. Before realizing this potential, however, we need to get on the same page about what big data is, how it can be analyzed, and what we can do with it.

CEP: News Update

March
2016
News Update
Hybrid Polymer Reversibly Assembles and Disassembles A new type of hybrid polymer may offer new opportunities for drug delivery, self-repair, and responsiveness. CRISPR Edits Genes to Treat Liver Disease in Mice The gene-editing technology known as...

Editorial: I See Your Point

March
2016
Editorial
Cynthia Mascone
I hear what you’re saying. I catch your drift. How do you express understanding? Most of us have a preferred communication and learning style — visual, auditory, kinesthetic. Some literature includes a fourth style, reading/writing. To deliver a...

Big Data: What Is It?

March
2016
Special Section
David White
Big data can pave the way to greater business and operational insight. New approaches and technologies are poised to help you navigate your journey.

Big Data Analytics (Full 24-Page Supplement)

March
2016
Special Section
Richard D. Braatz, Leo H. Chiang, Lloyd F. Colegrove, Salvador García-Muñoz, Chaitanya Khare, John F. MacGregor, Marco S. Reis, Mary Beth Seasholtz, David White
The Four Vs; What Is It; Success Stories in the Process Industries; Getting Started on the Journey; Challenges and Future Research Directions

CEP: Editorial - Energy Cost Averaging

March
2015
Editorial
Cynthia Mascone
Last year, when we chose biofuels as the topic for this issue’s Society for Biological Engineering (SBE) supplement, we did not anticipate the precipitous drop in oil prices of recent months. As we were pulling the articles together, guest editor Mark Holtzapple expressed concern that oil prices would be low when the issue appears. “If readers do not think too deeply, they might say ‘These academics are sure out of touch. Don’t they know oil prices are low?’”

CEP: YPOV Your Career as a Volunteer

March
2013
YPOV
Arjun Gopalratnam
To surpass the merely adequate, and to accomplish something noteworthy, requires one to take on tasks that are unstated and to solve problems that others may not have even noticed. Depending on the structure of your work environment, there may be...

CEP: YPOV - Preparing for Chairing? Build Some Relationships!

March
2014
YPOV
Meagan Lewis
Programming for an AIChE conference — i.e., developing the technical program — takes a lot more than the work put in by the meeting chairs; the details and ideas that go into every session and its roster of speakers take a whole force of volunteers. As a co-chair for the upcoming 2014 Spring Meeting in New Orleans who also happens to be a young professional (YP), I’ve realized that the best way to prepare for programming a large-scale conference is to build relationships across all levels of the organization.

Algal Biofuels: The Research

March
2011
SBE Special Section
Kuan-Chen Cheng, Kimberly Ogden
The individual technical elements of the algae-to-biofuels process have already been demonstrated at the laboratory scale. Ongoing research seeks to refine the technology to enable scaleup to commercial production.

The Blood-Brain Barrier and Drug Delivery

March
2013
SBE Special Section
William Olbricht
To maintain favorable conditions in the brain, the blood-brain barrier limits mass transfer across brain tissue. However, it also restricts the systemic delivery of compounds to treat neurological disorders. Several treatment alternatives to bypass...

CEP: Editorial - More Than a Spoonful of Sugar

March
2013
Editorial
Cynthia Mascone
Many of us remember receiving our polio vaccine on a sugar cube. Indeed, that was the motivation behind A Spoonful of Sugar, a song from the classic Disney movie Mary Poppins. Walt Disney had instructed the Sherman brothers, Robert and Richard, to come up with a catchy song for the film. When Robert arrived at home, after working all day trying to come up with an idea, his wife told him that the children had gotten their polio vaccine that day. Thinking they had gotten a shot, he asked them if it hurt. His son answered that the medicine was put on a cube of sugar and he swallowed it. And so “a spoonful of sugar helps the medicine go down was born.

Bioactive Devices: Uniting Form with Function

March
2013
SBE Special Section
Sujata Bhatia
Bioactive implants that combine a medical device with one or more biologic therapeutic agents show promise for the targeted treatment of complex medical conditions. Implantable medical devices, such as stents, grafts, and joint replacements, are...

Modeling Aqueous Electrolyte Systems

March
2015
Computational Methods
Chau-Chyun Chen, Soraya Honarparvar, Sina Hassanjani Saravi
Accurate thermodynamic models are needed to simulate processes involving electrolytes, which range from hydraulic fracturing to CO2 capture and sequestration and basic chemicals manufacturing. Follow these steps to develop thermodynamic models for your electrolyte system.

CEP: YPOV - Capturing CO2 with a Green Focus

March
2015
YPOV
Pablo Duarte, Seth Gottlund
In a unique collaboration with the U.S. Dept. of Energy’s (DOE) Industrial Carbon Capture and Storage (ICCS) program, Air Products and Chemicals, Inc. (APCI) has developed an innovative process to capture CO2 at its Port Arthur, TX, facility. The captured CO2 is purified, dried, compressed, and transported via pipeline to Denbury Resources, where it is used in enhanced oil recovery (EOR). The high-purity CO2 is injected into oil wells to reduce the viscosity of the oil mixture, which enables higher oil-well production rates and overall yield, and increases the crude oil flowrate.

Submitting Your First GHG Report

March
2010
Environmental Management
Kristine Baranski, Mary Ellen Ternes
This overview of EPA’s greenhouse gas reporting rule explains the regulation’s requirements and suggests strategies for compliance. It also provides insights regarding enforcement and confidential business information.

CEP: Editorial - Whatever You Do, Don’t Look Down

March
2014
Editorial
Cynthia Mascone
You’ve spent hours writing your paper, preparing the slides for your presentation, and practicing your talk. You’ve endured the humiliation of the airport security inspection, the frustration of the weather-related flight delay, the discomfort of the cramped airplane seats, and the disruption of your circadian rhythm after crossing several time zones. You arrive at the meeting room early, check your slides on the session chair’s laptop, get comfortable with the remote, and test the mic. You are excited to be part of this group of experts, and are looking forward to sharing your thoughts and engaging in a lively dialogue.

Assess Hazards with Process Flow Failure Modes Analysis

March
2013
Safety
Rosalynn MacGregor
Process flow failure modes (PFFM) analysis is an intuitive, process-flow-directed way to identify potentially hazardous scenarios. Learn how to apply this technique to your process hazard reviews.

SBE Special Section: Lignocellulosic Biofuels - SBE Update

March
2015
SBE Special Section
Darlene Schuster
Considering that the price of oil has plummeted to less than half of what it was a year ago, this SBE supplement on biofuels is quite well-timed. What role can and will biofuels play, both today and in the future?

Graphically Assess a Reactor's Characteristics

March
2006
Reactions and Separations
Professor David Glasser, David Milne, David Glasser, Diane Hildebrandt and Brendon Hausberger
Use this technique to analyze reactor/reaction systems for which dependable kinetic data are available, or to quickly find the operating characterisitics needed for the maximum selectivity of a reactant.

Size Control Valves for Lab-Scale Laminar Flow

March
2014
Fluids and Solids Handling
Grant Girouard, Paul Martin
Existing equations used to size control valves are inadequate for laboratory- and pilot-scale work. Use the simple equation introduced in this article to accurately size needle control valves for laminar and transitional flow.

SBE Update: Drug Delivery and Chemical/Biological Engineering

March
2013
SBE Special Section
June Wispelwey
Although you might not associate drug delivery with chemical engineering, the principles of chemical engineering — such as mass and energy balances, transport phenomena, reaction kinetics, and particle technology — are intimately involved in drug...

What are Chemical Engineers Doing About Energy?

March
2008
Special Section
Bond Calloway
The first annual energy survey conducted by AIChE's Research and New Technology Committee provides insights into the energy-related research of chemical engineers.

SBE Special Section: Lignocellulosic Biofuels - Full 32-Page Supplement

March
2015
SBE Special Section
Tristan R. Brown, Robert Brown, Sergio C. Capareda, Bruce E. Dale, David Edwards, Vonnie Estes, Cesar Granda, Mark Holtzapple, Sagar Lonkar, Darlene Schuster, Charles Wyman
SBE Update; The Need for Biofuels; Producing Biofuels via the Thermochemical Platform; Producing Biofuels via the Sugar Platform; Producing Biofuels via the Carboxylate Platform; Scaling Up Bioenergy Technologies; Commercial-Scale Production of Lignocellulosic Biofuels

CEP: Whats New

March
2013
New Products
Read about new products and services in the areas of instrumentation; fluids and solids handling; laboratory equipment; and environmental, health, and safety.

CEP: What's New

March
2014
New Products
Read about new products and services in the areas of fluids and solids handling, instrumentation, and materials and chemicals.

AIChE Journal Highlight - Red Blood Cells Disguise Nanoparticles for Biomedical Applications

March
2015
Journal Highlight
Nanoparticles (NPs) loaded with therapeutics provide a way to target the delivery of drugs to specific locations in the body. When injected intravenously, however, nanoparticles are often recognized by the immune system and rapidly cleared from the body. Efforts to extend their residence time in vivo have focused on modifying particle surfaces to evade the body’s natural defenses. Polyethylene glycol (PEG) is currently the gold standard for such nanoparticle stealth coating, but the recent observation of an anti-PEG immunological response has spurred the search for improvements. To address this challenge, researchers have looked to nature, which has created the ideal drug-delivery vehicle — red blood cells (RBCs).

CEP: News Update

March
2015
News Update
Cheap and Abundant Potassium Outperforms Precious Metal Catalyst; Engineering Bioethanol without the Food Gap; Supercomputers Identify Optimal Zeolites; Synthetic Biology Pushes Gene Therapy Forward; and more.

CEP: Process Safety Beacon - Details Matter in Process Safety

March
2015
Process Safety Beacon
Whatever your job — operations, maintenance, supervision, engineering, management — pay attention to the details in your work. There are no unimportant details in process safety. You never know which apparently minor detail can initiate a major event, so you have to pay attention to all of them.

CEP: Calendars

March
2015
Calendars
AIChE Meetings Calendar; AIChE Academy Calendar; Webinars

SBE Update

March
2011
SBE Special Section
Miriam Cortes-Caminero

CEP: Catalyzing Commercialization - Zero-Emissions Magnesium Process Debuts

March
2014
Catalyzing Commercialization
A process designed to lower the cost of magnesium metal, making it competitive with aluminum, has been an industry goal for over a century. Although magnesium metal makes up millions of today’s lightweight cell phone and laptop cases, its persistently high cost (twice that of aluminum today) has impeded broad, high-volume use in other areas, including the automobile industry. This could soon change, thanks to researchers at INFINIUM, based in Natick, MA, who have developed a low-cost, energy-efficient, zero-emissions process for making this lightweight, strong metal.

CEP: AIChE Journal Highlight - Natural Gas Transforms the Chemical Industry

March
2014
Journal Highlight
The recent development of new sources of shale-gas methane and shale-gas condensate will significantly impact fuels and chemical feedstocks in the U.S. and around the world, says Jeffrey Siirola of Purdue Univ. and Carnegie Mellon Univ. in the March AIChE Journal Perspective article, “The Impact of Shale Gas in the Chemical Industry.”

CEP: Calendars

March
2014
Calendars
AIChE Meetings Calendar; Webinars; AIChE Education Calendar

CEP: Process Automation Corner - The U.S. Process Automation Enterprise Looks to the Future

March
2014
Process Automation Corner
Terry McMahon
The outlook is bright for the process automation enterprise in the U.S. through this decade and into the next. Process automation skills and know-how are honed through challenging projects and are perfected by maintaining these systems at peak efficiency. Without constant renewal based on new and different challenges, these skills tend to atrophy and become obsolete. Fortunately, after more than a decade of decline, the U.S. process industries are entering a period of highly advantaged resource and energy availability.

CEP: Institute News

March
2014
Institute News
AIChE Members Are Elected to the National Academy of Engineering Minority Affairs Committee Salutes Members in the News
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