April

Solve Problems Inventively

April
2005
Career Catalyst
Jack Hipple
The TRIZ methodology encourages you to approach problems from a different angle. Here’s a primer on the basics of the technique and the tools available to implement it.

Best Practices for Pilot-Plant Piping

April
2014
Fluids and Solids Handling
Richard Palluzi
Pilot-plant piping is subject to more-frequent modification than typical process plant piping, and must be able to accommodate a range of media, temperatures, and pressures during its lifetime. Use this guide to determine which piping, tubing, and fittings are optimal for your pilot plant application.

Understand the Basics of Membrane Filtration

April
2013
Back To Basics
Hua Wang, Hongyi Zhou
Membrane filtration is an integral part of many industrial processes, as it is often more environmentally sustainable and cost-effective than other separation technologies

Humanitarian Chemical Engineering

April
2015
Career Catalyst
Jeremy D. Bendik-Keymer, Nwaynay Hlaing, Daniel Lacks, Evelyn B. Taboada
A broader view of ethics and professional responsibility considers the engineer’s impact on humanity.

Letters

April
2016
Letters
Thoughts On Grammar and Gender I came across your editorial “An Editor Changes Their Mind about They ” ( CEP , Feb. 2016, p. 3). I can say that I read it with great pleasure. Though I already use “they” now and then (on the strength of such classic...

CEP: News Update

April
2016
News Update
Human-Size Tissues Roll Off the Printer A 3D printer that has been 10 years in the making has created a life-like ear and a jawbone from biological cells and biodegradable polymers.The tissues embody the size, shape, and structural integrity of...

Process Safety Beacon: Plugged Flame Arrester Causes Explosion

April
2016
Process Safety Beacon
In Safety Alert No. 290 (Oct. 2010), the U.S. Dept. of the Interior’s Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) explains an incident in which an explosion ruptured two oil tanks on an offshore platform. The explosion caused about $500,000 worth of damage and approximately 1,200 gal (4.5 m3) of oil to spill into the sea.

Editorial: Swimming Against the Tide: Making Water Management a Priority

April
2016
Editorial
Cynthia Mascone
Just after I finished reading Sharon Nolen’s Critical Issues article, “Leveraging Energy Management for Water Conservation” (pp. 41–47), the headline of a New York Times op-ed piece by Charles Fishman, “The Water Data Drought,” caught my attention...

An Introduction to Mammalian Cell Culture

April
2016
Back To Basics
Tung S. Le, Meghan McCann, Samira M. Azarin, Dr. Wei-Shou Hu
Mammalian cell culture is at the core of biomanufacturing therapeutic proteins and viral vaccines. Find out how mammalian cells are derived and cultivated, and what opportunities this field holds.

Making Sense of Combustible-Dust Hazard Analysis

April
2016
Safety
Michelle Murphy
Several standards on combustible dust contain provisions for conducting process hazard analyses. This article summarizes the requirements and presents a simple approach to meet them.

Material Matters: Disappearing Materials in Aging Plants

April
2016
Material Matters
Kirk Richardson
Replacing materials and equipment as they corrode or reach the end of their service life is one of the challenges of managing an aging plant. When a material or part is no longer available because the supplier discontinued the product line, was acquired by another company, or went out of business, it can be difficult to find another source or suitable replacement.

Prevent Caking of Bulk Solids

April
2016
Fluids and Solids Handling
Greg Mehos, P.E.
Understanding the mechanisms behind caking, identifying key process variables and product specifications, and testing samples to predict the increase in cohesive strength of a powder over time are key to preventing and solving caking problems.

New Products: April 2016

April
2016
New Products
Product Focus: Safety Equipment Absorbent Pads Clean Up Drips and Spills Oil Eater Naturals is a line of ecofriendly absorbent pads, rolls, and socks designed to help users meet environmental, health, and safety requirements. The oil-only pads and...

Books

April
2016
Books
Optimization Methods in Metabolic Networks Costas D. Maranas and Ali R. Zomorrodi, John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, NJ, $125, 288 pages, Feb. 2016, ISBN: 978-1-119-02849-9 Analysis and redesign of metabolic networks often requires the calculation of...

Profile: Improving Earth and Reaching for Mars

April
2016
Profile
As a chemical engineer for NASA at Kennedy Space Center (KSC), Annie Meier has put five years of effort into creating solutions to some of the most pressing problems that astronauts — and even society — will encounter. “The technologies we produce for space can help our planet Earth as well,” she says. “We need to think of Earth as our spacecraft. How can we live here without damaging it with polluting gases and harmful byproducts?”

Career Corner: Transitioning to a Career in Sales Engineering

April
2016
Career Corner
Loraine Kasprzak
Does the business side of chemical engineering capture your interest? Are you drawn to a hands-on role with customers, so that you can help them with their technical and business challenges? If you answered yes to either of those questions, consider a career in technical sales.

Leveraging Energy Management for Water Conservation

April
2016
Critical Issues
Sharon Nolen, P.E.
Growing concerns about the availability of clean water are driving companies to include water conservation in their sustainability initiatives. Instead of reinventing the wheel, adapt your energy-management program for water conservation.

CEP: Editorial - Getting ChE Education Right

April
2014
Editorial
Cynthia Mascone
When I was in college, I earned some spending money as a shoe model for a local freelance photographer. Little did I know I would become a cover girl. But a few years later, shortly after I began my career as an editor (at a different magazine), I was tapped for just that role. Wearing a black cap and gown and photographed looking out into a maze of piping in a chemical plant, I represented a young graduate facing my first job in industry. The cover line — “Chemical engineering education: How good is it, really?” — referred to an article that discussed the results of a reader survey conducted by two of my colleagues. That was 31 years ago. Today, we are still pondering the same question.

Working with Tight Oil

April
2015
Back To Basics
Timothy Olsen
Crude oil derived from shale plays is less expensive and more readily available than traditional crudes, but it poses unique challenges to refiners.

The ChE's Role in Energy Research and Technology

April
2009
Special Section
Bond Calloway
Surveys of the energy-related papers presented at AIChE's annual meetings provide insights into the role of chemical engineers in energy science and engineering.

Apply Quantitative Gamma Scanning to High-Capacity Trays

April
2013
Reactions and Separations
Henry Z. Kister
Push valves, multiple downcomers, and truncated downcomers boost tray capacities, but they also present troubleshooting challenges. Use quantitative gamma-scan analysis to measure froth heights, froth densities, and blowby in order to solve...

Recognize Hazards to Recognize Change

April
2015
Safety
Donald Lorenzo, Mark Suyama, Della Wong
Improve your management of change (MOC) system by training workers to recognize hazards as indicators of change.

Maintain Accurate Process Safety Information

April
2014
Back To Basics
Sandipan Laskar
Accurate process safety information is the cornerstone of effective process safety management. Follow this three-phase approach to create and maintain an effective PSI program.

Meeting the Needs of the Water-Energy Nexus

April
2011
Critical Issues
Snehal Desai , David A. Klanecky
Water is required to produce energy, and energy is required to make use of water — the two are, and always will be, inextricably linked. Engineers must understand the water-energy nexus in order to manage both efficiently and sustainably.

CEP: Career Corner - Creating Work-Life Harmony

April
2013
Career Corner
Loraine Kasprzak
Work-life balance is a challenge for many of us, but how do we get there from here? First, it helps to adjust our thinking. “It’s not about balance, like weights on a scale,” says Mary T. Scott, a certified professional coach. “It’s more about...

Bringing a Star to Earth

April
2009
Special Section
Jan Berry, Bond Calloway
An international R&D effort to build a fusion reactor and demonstrate the feasibility of fusion power is underway.

Avoid Bulk Solids Segregation Problems

April
2012
Fluids and Solids Handling
Eric Maynard, Eric Maynard
Powder blend consistency can be difficult to maintain during processing. This article provides an overview of common segregation mechanisms, highlights key sampling techniques, and offers practical guidance on preventing and solving segregation...

CEP: Editorial - Stand Up for Change

April
2015
Editorial
Cynthia Mascone
In the article “Recognize Hazards to Recognize Change” (pp. 40–44), Donald Lorenzo, Della Wong, and Mark Suyama liken managing change in the chemical process industries (CPI) to the challenge of piloting a ship on a voyage. Subtle changes in winds, waves, currents, and tides are difficult to discern, but each small change becomes the new normal, and the next change seems to be only a small difference. Only after the ship hits an obstruction does the captain realize how severely the ship has veered off course. That was the inspiration for this issue’s cover.

CEP: Career Corner - How to Communicate Difficult Messages

April
2015
Career Corner
Loraine Kasprzak
Have you had to deliver a difficult message to someone lately? Perhaps it was to an individual whose performance was below expectations. Or maybe it was to a group of employees about upcoming layoffs or cancelled bonuses. It wasn’t fun, was it? As a past corporate manager and now as a business owner, I have been on both sides of these difficult conversations and know it can be just as stressful to deliver bad news as it is to receive it.

CEP Editorial: Help Grow AIChE’s Apprentice Program

April
2013
Editorial
Cynthia Mascone
If you are a young professional under the age of 35 and are willing to assume a leadership role in AIChE (on a project of your choice), the AIChE Foundation, through its Young Professionals Apprentice program ( CEP, Sept. 2012, p. 72), will...

Graphene Marches Down a Long Road to Commercialization

April
2013
News Feature
Michelle Bryner
With so much graphene research underway, it can be hard to keep track of the progress, as well as to evaluate the commercial viability of such developments. Here’s a look at what scientists and engineers are doing and saying about graphene.

My Steam Trap Is Good — Why Doesn’t It Work?

April
2015
Heat Transfer
James R. Risko
Even a relatively new steam trap in seemingly good condition can fail if it is applied incorrectly. Here’s how to recognize and avoid situations that can lead to a failure.

CEP: Institute News

April
2015
Institute News
CCPS Marks 30 Years; Candidates for AIChE Election; Member News; NEW: Your AIChE Membership

CEP: Calendars

April
2015
Calendars
AIChE Meetings Calendar; AIChE Academy Calendar; Webinars

CEP: Process Safety Beacon - Safe Work Practices

April
2015
Process Safety Beacon
The term safe work practices refers to the processes we use to authorize nonroutine work activities, and to control the hazards and manage the risks associated with these activities. Safe work practices often authorize work through permits, which frequently include checklists of potential hazards associated with the work. A nonroutine activity has nothing to do with how often the activity is done. Instead, it refers to activities that are not part of the normal process for converting raw materials to finished product, and not covered by the plant’s standard operating procedures for normal operations.

CEP: Catalyzing Commercialization - Nanocrystal Manufacturing May Revolutionize Thermoelectrics

April
2015
Catalyzing Commercialization
Thermoelectric materials hold promise as a means to recover waste heat from automobile exhaust, power plants, and other systems. Their use, however, is limited by low efficiency. Researchers at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute have developed a process that combines nanostructuring, compositional control, and ppm-level impurity doping. ThermoAura, Inc., a start-up company co-founded by the researchers, has scaled up this process to manufacture high-performance thermoelectrics with tunable properties.

Italy's Chemicals Industries

April
2014
Global Outlook
Simone Colombo
Italy’s many small and medium-sized chemical companies are crucibles of innovation, whose exports have helped the country to establish a strong presence in the global chemicals market.

CEP: Material Matters - Tool Helps Predict Reactivity Hazards

April
2015
Material Matters
Kirk Richardson
To provide guidance and disseminate reactivity data, the National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), in conjunction with partnering companies and technical associations, developed the Chemical Reactivity Worksheet (CRW). The free software ( http://response.restoration.noaa.gov/reactivityworksheet ) allows CPI professionals to review the reactivity hazards of thousands of individual chemicals, as well as predict the consequence of mixing chemical substances. Since its release in March 2013, the CRW Version 3 (CRW3) has been downloaded approximately 80,000 times.

CEP: AIChE Journal Highlight - Layer-by-Layer Approach Enables Customizable Medication Therapy

April
2015
Journal Highlight
In the April AIChE Journal Perspective article, “Layer-by-Layer Approaches to Staging Medicine from Surfaces,” Paula T. Hammond of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology describes her research on a method that creates layers of thin films stacked on top of one another. Each layer contains a different therapeutic, which is incorporated into the thin film via one of several mechanisms (e.g., charge, hydrogen bonding, or other complementary interaction). This technique is useful for drug therapy in applications such as bone regeneration.

CEP: News Update

April
2015
News Update
Chameleon-Like Material Changes Color On Demand; New Genes for an Old Microbe Make Statins Cheaper; A Sweet Approach to Breaking Down Cellulose; New Catalyst Pushes Lignin Up on the Value Chain; and more.

CEP: Profile - Tal Golesworthy: Engineering a Stronger Heart

April
2015
Profile
Tal Golesworthy has Marfan syndrome, a genetic disorder that weakens connective tissues throughout the body. When he learned he would need surgery to completely replace his aorta, he used engineering principles to develop a less-invasive device to strengthen the aorta — and then convinced surgeons to implant the device in his heart.

CEP: AIChE Journal Highlight - Tribute to Founders: R. Byron Bird

April
2014
Journal Highlight
Best known for his defining book on transport phenomena — in which he provided chemical engineering students with an integrated view of the transport of the three physical quantities (energy, mass, and momentum) at three different scales (molecular, microscopic, and macroscopic) — R. Byron Bird has immensely impacted the field of chemical engineering.

Reduce Water Consumption through Recycling

April
2014
Environmental Management
Al Goodman, Allegra K. da Silva
Industrial facilities are increasingly turning to water reuse for a wide range of purposes. This article reviews water-reclamation technologies and explains how to determine whether water reuse is a feasible option for your plant.

CEP: Institute News

April
2014
Institute News
2014 AIChE Election Candidates; New Fellows; CCPS’s Berger Addresses Congress; Member News

CEP: Profile - David Saiia: Transforming Bottles into Businesses

April
2014
Profile
David Saiia, co-founder of the nonprofit Reuse Everything Institute, Inc. (REII), has always been drawn to the field of sustainable development. His theory on corporate ecology, which seeks to explore the dynamic relationship between businesses and...

CEP: News Update

April
2014
News Update
How Well Are We Preparing ChE Students for Industry?; Climate FAQs: Science Academies Answer 20 Questions; Electronic Shrink Wrap Conforms to a Beating Heart; Biomass and Sunlight Cooperate to Produce Electricity; and more.

CEP: Calendars

April
2014
Calendars
AIChE Meetings Calendar; AIChE Education Calendar; Webinars; Web Forums

China: Past, Present and Future of Chemical Engineering

April
2011
Global Outlook
Yi Cheng, Yong Jin
The need to address ecological problems stemming from China’s burgeoning industrial growth is the impetus behind many recent developments in China’s surging chemical industry.

Singapore’s Chemicals Industry: Engineering an Island

April
2013
Global Outlook
Keith Carpenter, Wai Kiong Ng
The chemicals industry is a pillar of Singapore’s economic success. The island city-state’s emergence as a chemical industry leader has been boosted by investment in infrastructure and the creation of an industrial island complex.
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