2012

Be Smart about Column Design

November
2012
Reactions and Separations
Daniel R. Summers, P.E., Mark Pilling, P.E.
Optimizing distillation equipment and processes can improve both the profitability and the greenness of an operation.

ONE-STEP FERMENTATIVE PRODUCTION OF POLYLACTIC ACID

May
2012
SBE Special Section
Min Kyung Kim , Sang Yup Lee, Si Jae Park
The use of PLA has been hindered by its complex and expensive synthesis process. A new technology promises to change this — giving PLA a chance to compete with fossil-based plastics.

Cut Agitator Power Costs

November
2012
Back To Basics
Gregory T. Benz, P.E.
Agitator power consumption can be minimized by judicious equipment selection and careful operating procedures. Follow these guidelines to reduce your plant’s energy costs. In some cases, it may be as simple as flipping a switch.

CEP: Institute News

November
2012
Institute News
WISE Interns Annual Meeting "Best Papers" Connie Carroll Memorial Award Calendar

CEP: Spotlight on Safety - LOPA — A Valuable Risk-Reduction Tool

November
2012
Spotlight on Safety
John F. Murphy, P.E.
Layer of protection analysis (LOPA) is a simplified process risk-assessment technique that uses order-of-magnitude estimates for initiating events, consequence severity, and likelihood of failure of independent protection layers (IPLs) to approximate the risk of a scenario. It is generally used after a process hazard analysis (PHA) team has identified a hazard scenario that requires further analysis to ensure the adequacy of the safeguards that exist or are being proposed.

CEP: YPOV - DNA Goes Digital

November
2012
YPOV
Arjun Gopalratnam
The ubiquity of digital and server-stored file formats has brought about increased interest in ensuring that creative works conceived today will be preserved, digitally, forever. Chemical engineers play an important role in preserving this in DNA...

CEP: Commentary - Working Together to Put CFATS Back on Track

November
2012
Commentary
Bill Allmond
More than five years ago, Congress enacted the most robust and comprehensive chemical security regulatory program to date. The regulation — the Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards (CFATS) — protects facilities against attack without impairing...

Taiwan's Chemical Industry: Looking Back and Looking Ahead

April
2012
Global Outlook
Shien-Chang Chen, Yu-Chen Hu
Since World War II, Taiwan’s chemical industry and economy have escalated dramatically. Self-sufficient in many areas, today Taiwan still faces the challenges imposed by government technical initiatives, international trade policies and regulations...

CEP: News Update

November
2012
News Update
Magic Act: Electronics Disappear into their Surroundings; New Material Boasts World-Record Efficiency; Brain Cancer Studies Point to a Bio-Based Route to Nylon; Nickel Misbehaves in Li-ion Batteries, Solar Energy Gets Mixed Up

CEP: Chem Economics - Post-9/11 Chemical Security Spending

November
2012
Chem Economics
Martha Gilchrist Moore
The terrorist attacks that occurred on September 11, 2001, changed the world and forever altered the way American chemistry conducts business. While improving facility security is not a new endeavor for chemical companies, the industry has increased...

Using Process Flowsheets as Communication Tools

October
2012
Back To Basics
Graham Nasby
Piping and instrumentation diagrams (P&IDs), process flow diagrams (PFDs), and block flow diagrams (BFDs) are essential tools for documenting processes and promoting interdisciplinary understanding and communication.

SYNTHETIC SPIDER SILK PROTEINS AND THREADS

May
2012
SBE Special Section
Axel H. Leimer, Nathalie Mougin, Lin Römer, Ute Slotta
E. coli can be genetically engineered to mimic the complex natural process by which a spider makes the proteins that it uses to spin the fibers for its web. With additional processing, fibers with properties similar to those of natural spider silk...

CEP: Process Safety Beacon - Manage Temporary Changes

October
2012
Process Safety Beacon
A filter on the suction of a pump frequently plugged. Because of this, the pressure needed to be monitored, both in the field and at the control panel. To minimize installation time for a pressure transmitter, it was decided to install a tap on the...

CEP: Institute News

September
2012
Institute News
Frank Bates is Named 64th Institute Lecturer; Papoutsakis will Present Bailey Award Lecture at Annual Meeting; Member News; Calendars

Solid-Liquid Separation: A Guide to Centrifuge Selection

July
2012
Back To Basics
Tom Patnaik
Centrifugation is a necessary step in many pharmaceutical and chemical production processes. These guidelines will help chemical engineers better understand the process of centrifuge selection.

CEP: Process Safety Beacon - Double Block and Bleed

March
2012
Process Safety Beacon
The December 2011 Beacon described an incident where a missing plug on a vent line resulted in a flammable material leak that caught fire, causing a fatality. That incident reminded us of the importance of caps and plugs on process vent lines and...

CEP: Product Digest

September
2012
Product Digest
This month's topic is measurement equipment.

CEP: Editorial - On the Path to Sustainability

July
2012
Editorial
Cynthia F. Mascone
I love soaking up nature — whether I’m hiking over the red rocks of Sedona, strolling along Jones Beach as the waves of the Atlantic Ocean roll in, taking shelter indoors as an angry thunderstorm rages outside, stargazing miles from the nearest town … or just sitting on my porch watching the grass in my tiny New York City yard grow. Whatever the activity, I continue to be amazed at the awesomeness of the world we live in. Yet I wonder what the planet will be like for our children. Will nature still be as wonderful for them as it is for me?

CEP: Books

August
2012
Books
Books Include: Guidelines for Engineering Design for Process Safety, 2nd Edition Capitalizing on Nature: Ecosystems as Natural Assets Pipe Flow: A Practical and Comprehensive Guide

RHEOLOGICAL CHARACTERIZATION OF BIO-BASED MATERIALS

May
2012
SBE Special Section
D. Bhopatkar, O.H. Campanella, P.H.S. Santos
Experimental and analytical tools combined with computational studies can be used to design new bio-based materials tailored for specific applications.

CEP: Institute News

October
2012
Institute News
2012 Institute and Board of Directors’ Awards Danckwerts Lecture Calendar

CEP: Chem Economics - Manufacturing Renaissance Takes Hold in the U.S.

October
2012
Chem Economics
T. Kevin Swift
Many living in the Rust Belt — the northeastern region of the U.S. that experienced significant de-industrialization during the 1970s through the 2000s — got an up-close look at the decline in manufacturing in the U.S. In the wake of the Great...

CEP: Chem Economics - Energy Savings through Chemistry

March
2012
Chem Economics
T. Kevin Swift
The chemical industry produces many products that are responsible for conserving energy in a range of applications, most notably household operations, such as lighting and insulation, but also light vehicles, appliances, and packaging.

CEP: YPOV - Thinking (and Working) Outside the Cubicle

March
2012
YPOV
Arjun Gopalratnam
Workstyles — and the workspaces in which they play out — are evolving. Twenty years ago, offices were often spacious cubicle-villes — ample enough to accommodate bulky office equipment and filing cabinets, and sufficiently roomy for a captive staff...

CEP: Update

January
2012
News Update
All-Weather Material Emits Near-IR Light; Graphene Gets Selective; Shock Treatment Creates Nanoporous Materials; Bacteria are Engineered to Eat Cellulose and Produce Liquid Fuels; and more.

CEP: News Update

July
2012
News Update
New Electrolyte Brightens Future for Affordable Solar Power; The Positive Side of Redox Chemistry; Biofuel Process Touts Economic Feasibility; and more.

CEP: Institute News

February
2012
Institute News
New Fellows SIOC Organizes K-12 Outreach Member News Calendar

Harnessing the Power of Virtual Reality

July
2012
On The Horizon
Li Guo, Zhouzhou Li, Jinghai Li, Xinhua Liu, Bona Lu, Fanxiao Meng, Zhaojie Xia, Mingkun Zhao
Advances in physical modeling and computational science will revolutionize the way engineers develop and design new technologies and processes.

CEP: News Update

October
2012
News Update
New Battery Takes Charge of its Power; Nanomaterial Reversibly Stores Hydrogen; Nanoparticles Sneak Past the Brain’s Armor ; and more

CEP: Update

February
2012
News Update
New Bandage Spurs Blood Vessel Growth; Biomass-to-Chemicals Technology Receives U.S. Patent; Zeolite Boosts Aromatics Yield from Biomass; EPA Publishes the First GHG Emissions Tally; and more.

CEP: Editorial- AIChE's Path to Sustainability

August
2012
Editorial
Cyntha F. Mascone
Last month in this space, I wrote about some of the sustainability activities underway in and around Grand Canyon National Park, and how my vacation there got me thinking about AIChE’s sustainability efforts. The most recent initiative is the...

Update

June
2012
News Update
Squid and Zebrafish Inspire Color-Changing Technology; High-Power X-Rays Uncover Molecular Structures; Solar Materials with a Twist; and more.

CEP: Institute News

March
2012
Institute News
AIChE Members Elected to NAE Member News Calendar

Institute News

June
2012
Institute News
2011 Financial Statement; New Fellows; Member News; Calendar

CEP: Commentary - Take Advantage of Wireless Devices

August
2012
Commentary
Dick Caro
Wireless instrumentation has not taken off in the chemical process industries (CPI), despite its availability since 2003 and its advantages over the wired alternatives. This is not to say that these devices are not used. In fact, thousands of...

CEP: Process Safety Beacon - What Can I do? I’m Just the Operator.

September
2012
Process Safety Beacon
A frequent comment from workers is, “What can I do to improve the safety of our processes? I am just the operator (or technician, mechanic, etc.). I just turn valves, operate the equipment, take samples, turn wrenches, adjust the equipment.” It is...

CEP: News Update

September
2012
News Update
Slippery Surface Is Too Slick for Bacterial Films; New Materials Put the Brakes on Infection; ITO Flexes Its Muscles; Control Wrinkles with this Simple Method; and more

CEP: Editorial - A ChE's Path to Sustainability

September
2012
Editorial
Cynthia F. Mascone
If you saw my last two editorials, you probably noticed the sustainability theme — “On the Path to Sustainability” in July, and “AIChE’s Path to Sustainability” in August. Through our work as chemical engineers, we have the potential to make significant positive impacts on sustainability. There’s also much we can do as individuals.

Smart Blogging for Chemical Engineers

May
2012
Career Catalyst
Loraine Kasprzak
Blogs have come a long way since their first appearance in the late 1990s, when they were little more than online diaries. Today, people are just as likely to turn to blogs (Internet shorthand for “Web log”) as to newspapers or magazines for information and news.

Software & Information Technology

May
2012
Software
Learn about the latest MathCAD release and how it enhances computational power, integrated software that facilitates refinery development, software that identifies safe operating limits, and much more.

Chem Economics: ACC Releases Portfolio of Specialty Chemicals Indexes

September
2012
Chem Economics
T. Kevin Swift
The American Chemistry Council (ACC) has launched a new set of indexes covering nearly 30 segments of the U.S. specialty chemicals market. (The first, which dealt with plastic additives, was discussed in the July issue, p. 13.) This is the first set...

Handle Corrosive Acids and Caustics Safely

September
2012
Safety
Richard W. Prugh, P.E., CSP
Understand the corrosivity hazards of acids and caustics, and follow these guidelines to manage those hazards through inherently safer design, engineering and administrative controls, and personal protective equipment.

CEP: AIChE Journal Highlight - A New Spin on Separations

September
2012
Journal Highlight
The microelectronics industry has been revolutionized by technologies that boast ever-increasing capabilities in increasingly smaller areas. Now, the ability to pack high functionality into smaller devices is poised to transform the chemical process...

The Other Bio: Chemicals and Materials

May
2012
SBE Special Section
Miriam Cortes­ Caminero
Just in case you haven’t noticed, a new wave of biotechnology is underway. Over the last three decades, we have seen biological technologies used in therapeutics and agriculture. More recently, we have seen the use of biotechnology for industrial purposes.

Bio-Based Materials Step into the Operating Room

September
2012
On The Horizon
Sujata K. Bhatia, M.D., P.E.
A new class of implantable medical materials — constructed from naturally derived and renewably sourced polymers — is poised to transform clinical medicine.

CEP: Profile - Engineering Flavors and Bridging Cultures

August
2012
Profile
As the winner of a February 2012 episode of the Food Network’s Cupcake Wars, Winnette McIntosh Ambrose, a National Institute of Health scientist specializing in vision research, demonstrated that inspired chemical engineers can succeed in any realm — when they bring the right ingredients to the mix.

Hopefully, Change Won't Be Difficult

May
2012
Editorial
I was taught that the word hopefully means “in a hopeful manner” or “full of hope.” Authors who start a sentence with the word hopefully usually mean “I (we) hope” or “it is hoped” — which is an incorrect usage of the word.

CEP: YPOV - AIChE Foundation Invests in Tomorrow’s Leaders

September
2012
YPOV
Developing a capable and inspired next generation of leaders is crucial to ensuring that AIChE has a productive and progressive future. This will require a great deal of mentoring and investment in today’s young engineers — who must become both...

AIChE’s ScaleUp: A Win-Win for Students and Industry

September
2012
Special Section
ScaleUp is a program launched in 2007 to strengthen connections between industry and chemical engineering students. Through corporate sponsorships, ScaleUp offers free AIChE membership to over 15,000 chemical engineering students at over 160 U.S...
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