2012

Integrity Inspection of In-Plant Underground Piping

Conference Presentation
Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, April 2, 2012 - 12:00am
Underground piping inside plant boundaries is frequently out-of-sight, out-of-mind. While there exists a wide body of knowledge, mature technology,...

Process Safety and Corporate Responsibility

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, April 2, 2012 - 12:00am
In his Keynote Address at the AIChE 2012 Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety in Houston, TX, on April 2, 2012, Michael J. Dolan of...

Advanced Control of Multiple Sulfur Recovery Units

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, April 2, 2012 - 12:00am
Sulfur Recovery in a Refinery entails collecting sour vent gases (containing H2S) from a number of sources, including Hydrotreaters, Hydrocrackers,...

The US Chemical Safety Board and Inherently Safer Technology

Conference Presentation
Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, April 2, 2012 - 12:00am
The United State (US) Chemical Safety Board (CSB) was created by the same legislation that mandated the regulation of high hazard industries by the...

Dynamic Simulation of Demethanizer and Chilling Train System

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, April 2, 2012 - 12:00am
The chilling train system is an important part of ethylene plant which is usually combined with demethanizer and a series of flash drums to separate...

The Economics of Process Measurements

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, April 2, 2012 - 12:00am
What is the economic value of a new measuring device in a process plant – a new analyzer, a more accurate flow measurement, an additional temperature...

Human Factors and Their Optimization

Conference Presentation
Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, April 2, 2012 - 12:00am
Weak control of human factors leads directly to error. An error can result in an initiating event of an accident sequence (directly by the mistake...

The CCPS Reactivity Evaluation Software Tool

Conference Presentation
Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, April 2, 2012 - 12:00am
Incidents involving uncontrolled chemical reactions continue to result in injuries, fatalities and economic loss and harm in industry. These...

Explosion Hazards of Multicomponent Combustible Gas Mixtures

Conference Presentation
Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, April 2, 2012 - 12:00am
Laminar and turbulent premixed flame burning velocities are two parameters that are sometimes needed to evaluate explosion hazards. There is ample...

Leveraging PSM to Implement Key Elements of a SIS Program

Conference Presentation
Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, April 2, 2012 - 12:00am
The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) 61511 standard, “Functional Safety – Safety Instrumented Systems for the Process Industry Sector...

CEP: News Update

May
2012
News Update
Shape-Shifting Polymers Go 3D; MOF Cuts Energy Costs of Gas Separation; Plastic Morphs from Smooth to Bumpy, and Back Again; Nanoscale Topography Puts the Brakes on Cancer Growth; Metamaterials Enter a New Dimension; and more.

Special Section: Energy - Shale Gas [Full Supplement]

August
2012
Special Section
Jesse F. Goellner, Mary Ellen Ternes, Stephen A. Holditch, P.E., Trevor Smith, William Liss
The production of natural gas from shale formations is one of the fastest-growing segments of the U.S. oil and gas industry today.

The Netherlands' Process Technology Networks

June
2012
Global Outlook
Andrzej Stankiewicz, Tjeerd Jongsma
Marked by a culture of open innovation, the Dutch system of collaboration creates unique opportunities for advances in process technology.

Selecting Baffles for Shell-and-Tube Heat Exchangers

February
2012
Heat Transfer
Salem Bouhairie
Baffles play a crucial role in regulating shellside fluid flow and improving heat transfer between shellside and tubeside process fluids. Here's how to choose the correct baffle to meet process requirements.

Environmental Law for Chemical Engineers

February
2012
Back To Basics
Mary Ellen Ternes
A basic understanding of environmental law is beneficial for all chemical engineers. Learn how laws are proposed, made, and implemented, and ways to avoid incurring unnecessary penalties.

Determining Torque Split for Multiple Impellers in Slurry Mixing

February
2012
Fluids and Solids Handling
Gregory T. Benz, P.E.
Yield-stress slurries, such as those used in paper, biofuel, and polymer production, can be difficult to mix. This article explains how to determine torque requirements for multiple-impeller slurry-mixing systems to optimize tank geometry and...

CEP: Process Safety Beacon - Mechanical Integrity of Tubing

May
2012
Process Safety Beacon
Proper installation, maintenance, and inspection of metal tubing is important in preventing fires and toxic material releases in process plants. Do not forget about tubing just because it is usually small. Even a small leak can cause a fire that can...

Easy Ways to Improve Energy Efficiency

December
2012
Operations & Maintenance
Alan Rossiter, Veerasamy Venkatesan
Managing the energy consumption of a process does not need to be complicated. This article presents some examples of less-complicated strategies.

Product Digest - Safety Equipment

May
2012
Product Digest
Check out warning devices for hazardous areas and high-visibility work vests that reduce static electricity.

CEP: Institute News

December
2012
Institute News
2012 Annual Meeting; President’s Corner; Divisions and Forums Present Honors; Election Results; Member News; Calendar

CEP: What's New

December
2012
What's New
Read about new products and services in the areas of instrumentation; heat transer; and fluids and solids handling.

SBE Update: The Merging of Bio and Nano

December
2012
SBE Special Section
June Wispelwey
Earlier this year, the Society for Biological Engineering (SBE) organized its Sixth International Conference on Bioengineering and Nanotechnology (ICBN), which focused on bio-nanoscience and bioengineering for translational medicine. The conference...

CEP: Editorial - The Invention that Wasn't

November
2012
Editorial
Cynthia F. Mascone
On the first day of our visit to Walt Disney World, my then-seven-year-old son got lost in the Magic Kingdom. Luckily, he was somewhere on Tom Sawyer Island, so our search area was limited. On the second day, he wandered off in the Honey, I Shrunk the Kids attraction (also an enclosed space, thankfully). Those experiences gave me an idea for what I called Kid LoJack — a biocompatible microchip that parents could inject under a baby’s skin, and later activate to locate the child if he or she got lost or kidnapped (or stayed out past curfew). I’ve often wondered — civil liberties issues aside — whether I could have patented such a device.

OSHA's New Chemical NEP: How to Make the Grade and Earn Extra Credit

October
2012
Safety
Heather Forgione, Henry Ozog
The Occupational Safety and Health Administration evaluates chemical facilities’ process safety management systems through a new national emphasis program. Follow these tips to reduce your risk of receiving citations, streamline the inspection process, and pave the way for future excellence.

A MagDot-Nanoconveyor Assay Detects and Isolates Molecular Biomarkers

December
2012
SBE Special Section
Brandon Miller, Gang Ruan, Gregory B. Vieira, Jeffrey Chalmers, Jessica Winter, Kalpesh Mahajan, Maryam B. Lustberg, M.D., Ratnasingham Sooryakumar
The ability to quickly analyze, separate, and manipulate multiple types of biomarkers from small sample volumes is a significant step toward personalized medicine.

CEP: Profile - A Rock Star Among ChEs

December
2012
Profile
Emily Frangenberg
Rock star is not a term associated with many chemical engineers. It does, however, accurately capture the accomplishments and accolades — the phenomenon — of Robert Langer. His vision and technical excellence have propelled scores of significant...

CEP: Update

December
2012
News Update
Oxide Catalysts Get Selective; New Catalyst Challenges Platinum; Quick-Release Tape Peels with Ease; Electronic Skin Mimics the Human Epidermis

CEP: Process Safety Beacon - Good Housekeeping for Safety

December
2012
Process Safety Beacon
A fire started in a fiber trash drum in a process building. The drum contained solder flux and paste, welding debris, general trash, and oil-soaked rags. It had not been emptied for a long time. The ignition source may have been hot welding debris...

Engineered Protein Templates Synthesize Inorganic Nanomaterials

December
2012
SBE Special Section
Alia Schoen, Arunagirinathan Adhimoolam, David T. Schoen, Kelly N. L. Huggins, Sarah Heilshorn
This powerful biomimetic method is a fast, flexible way to produce a wide range of inorganic nanostructures from a single protein scaffold.

CEP Editorial: Slightly Scathed, but Mostly Safe and Sound

December
2012
Editorial
Cynthia Mascone
I was really excited that this year’s Annual Meeting was being held in Pittsburgh. Having grown up in southwestern Pennsylvania and gone to school at Carnegie Mellon, I was eager to get back to my roots and share my hometown with my coworkers — the excitement of a home Steelers game, a ride up the incline to gaze down at the city from Mount Washington, and maybe a cruise on the three rivers on the Gateway Clipper. Unfortunately, Hurricane Sandy forced me to rethink some of my plans, especially those that involved being outdoors. Although we were physically out of the storm’s direct path, we did feel some of its effects. (The nearly constant, cold, windy rain was hard to ignore.) Outwardly, we did what we normally do to orchestrate an annual meeting — which was a great success (pp. 54–55) in spite of the weather.

Use Guided-Wave Radar to Measure Water Level in Steam Loops

December
2012
Back To Basics
Keith Riley , Ravi Jethra
Guided-wave radar (GWR) is a useful tool for measuring water level in steam loops. This article describes GWR design and operation, and how this technology differs from more traditional forms of level indication.

CEP: Spotlight on Safety - LOPA — A Valuable Risk-Reduction Tool

November
2012
Spotlight on Safety
John F. Murphy, P.E.
Layer of protection analysis (LOPA) is a simplified process risk-assessment technique that uses order-of-magnitude estimates for initiating events, consequence severity, and likelihood of failure of independent protection layers (IPLs) to approximate the risk of a scenario. It is generally used after a process hazard analysis (PHA) team has identified a hazard scenario that requires further analysis to ensure the adequacy of the safeguards that exist or are being proposed.

CEP: YPOV - DNA Goes Digital

November
2012
YPOV
Arjun Gopalratnam
The ubiquity of digital and server-stored file formats has brought about increased interest in ensuring that creative works conceived today will be preserved, digitally, forever. Chemical engineers play an important role in preserving this in DNA...

CEP: Commentary - Working Together to Put CFATS Back on Track

November
2012
Commentary
Bill Allmond
More than five years ago, Congress enacted the most robust and comprehensive chemical security regulatory program to date. The regulation — the Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards (CFATS) — protects facilities against attack without impairing...

Taiwan's Chemical Industry: Looking Back and Looking Ahead

April
2012
Global Outlook
Shien-Chang Chen, Yu-Chen Hu
Since World War II, Taiwan’s chemical industry and economy have escalated dramatically. Self-sufficient in many areas, today Taiwan still faces the challenges imposed by government technical initiatives, international trade policies and regulations...

CEP: News Update

November
2012
News Update
Magic Act: Electronics Disappear into their Surroundings; New Material Boasts World-Record Efficiency; Brain Cancer Studies Point to a Bio-Based Route to Nylon; Nickel Misbehaves in Li-ion Batteries, Solar Energy Gets Mixed Up

CEP: Chem Economics - Post-9/11 Chemical Security Spending

November
2012
Chem Economics
Martha Gilchrist Moore
The terrorist attacks that occurred on September 11, 2001, changed the world and forever altered the way American chemistry conducts business. While improving facility security is not a new endeavor for chemical companies, the industry has increased...

Best Practices for Heat Tracing Pilot Plants

November
2012
Heat Transfer
Richard P. Palluzi, P.E.
Heat tracing a pilot plant is a difficult task, but with proper design and careful installation, the tracing system can operate safely and effectively.

Be Smart about Column Design

November
2012
Reactions and Separations
Daniel R. Summers, P.E., Mark Pilling, P.E.
Optimizing distillation equipment and processes can improve both the profitability and the greenness of an operation.

ONE-STEP FERMENTATIVE PRODUCTION OF POLYLACTIC ACID

May
2012
SBE Special Section
Min Kyung Kim , Sang Yup Lee, Si Jae Park
The use of PLA has been hindered by its complex and expensive synthesis process. A new technology promises to change this — giving PLA a chance to compete with fossil-based plastics.

CEP: What's New

November
2012
What's New?
Read about new products and services in the areas of heat transer; instrumentation; environmental health and safety; materials and chemicals and laboratory equipment.
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