2011

SBE Update

March
2011
SBE Special Section
Miriam Cortes-Caminero

Algal Biofuels: The Process

March
2011
SBE Special Section
Al Darzins, Eric P. Knoshaug
The production of algal biofuels involves algae cultivation, biomass harvesting and dewatering, lipid extraction, and conversion to fuel.

Algal Biofuels: The Backstory

March
2011
SBE Special Section
Arjun Gopalratnam
Increasing energy demand and dwindling energy resources have spurred interest in making transportation fuels from renewable sources such as microalgae.

Germany's Chemical Parks: Industry Landscaping

October
2011
Global Outlook
Chemical parks are synergistic environments for the companies located there — thanks to integration of infrastructure and shared resources and distribution networks. In Europe, Germany’s central location and unique geography have contributed to the...

China: Past, Present and Future of Chemical Engineering

April
2011
Global Outlook
Yi Cheng, Yong Jin
The need to address ecological problems stemming from China’s burgeoning industrial growth is the impetus behind many recent developments in China’s surging chemical industry.

South Korea's Chemical Industry: Progress and Challenges

December
2011
Global Outlook
Jae Hyun Cho, Il Moon
South Korea's chemical industry is entering a position of leadership in the world market. However, new investments in energy resources, a shift to higher-value-added products, and development of core environmentally friendly technologies are needed...

2011 AIChE Salary Survey

June
2011
Career Catalyst
Chemical engineering salaries have remained stable over the last two years at a median of $110,000. Average starting salaries are nearly $66,900. This expanded version of the article that appeared in print provides the detailed survey results.

Japan’s Chemical Industry: From Post-War Recovery to Globalization

June
2011
Global Outlook
Saburo Nakata
The recent earthquake and tsunami in Japan had a devastating impact on the people and industry of this economic and cultural giant. This article reflects on the emergence of Japan’s chemical industry in the half-century since World War II that led...

Using Automation to Produce Quality Pharmaceuticals

October
2011
Instrumentation
Joseph S. Alford, P.E.
Automation can pay large dividends in the form of reduced process cycle times, lower operational costs, and more-consistent processes for manufacturing high-quality pharmaceutical products.

Avoid Natural Gas Piping Hazards

January
2011
Safety
John R. Puskar, P.E.
Repairing natural gas piping is inherently dangerous. Follow these safety protocols to avoid potentially catastrophic results from improper installation and repair of natural gas lines.

Measuring Temperature by Direct Contact

September
2011
Back To Basics
Gary Freemer
Thermocouples and resistance temperature detectors are the most common contacting temp­erature sensors. Understand the techniques and apply them correctly to increase your temperature measurement accuracy.

Addressing Combustible Dust Hazards

May
2011
Back To Basics
Michelle Murphy, Molly R. Myers, Judy Perry
Facilities that handle or generate dusts are at risk for explosions and flash fires. Follow this approach to understand and mitigate your combustible dust hazards.

Measuring Temperature by Indirect Means

November
2011
Back To Basics
Gary Freemer
Noncontacting infrared thermometers can be used in many applications that are too harsh or impractical for thermocouples and resistance temperature detectors. Understand their principles of operation and their advantages and limitations to select...

Capital Spending in the Chemical Industry

January
2011
Chem Economics
T. Kevin Swift
Understand the economic state of the chemical industry and trends in capital investment to make wise corporate-spending decisions.

Identifying Corrosion and Its Causes

April
2011
Fluids and Solids Handling
Gary Geiger, Mel J. Esmacher, P.E.
An important first step in maintaining equipment reliability and efficiency is understanding the various types of corrosion damage that can occur.

An Introduction to Immunity and Vaccines

November
2011
SBE Special Section
Derek Lapiska
An understanding of the basic approach to creating vaccines, as well as how vaccines confer immunity, is essential to developing safe and cost-effective formulations.

Selecting the Proper Flare System

July
2011
Back To Basics
Adam Bader, Wes Bussman, Charles E. Baukal Jr., P.E.
Flares allow for the safe, effective disposal of gases and liquids, by acting as relief devices when a plant must quickly dispose of product within its system to prevent overpressurization and potential explosions.

Reduce Your Compressed Air Costs

October
2011
Fluids and Solids Handling
Ron Marshall, Bill Scales
Annual operating expenses for compressed air systems can exceed the equipment’s purchase price. Follow these seven steps to implement efficiency measures that yield cost reductions.

Selecting a Heat Exchanger Shell

June
2011
Back To Basics
Thomas G. Lestina, P.E.
The first step in specifying a shell-and-tube heat exchanger is choosing the right shell to meet process requirements.

Chemical Engineering Perspectives on Vaccine Production

November
2011
SBE Special Section
John G. Aunins, Michael E. Laska, Jose M. Otero, Bret R. Phillips
Fundamental chemical and bioprocess engineering principles and tools will be key to developing and manufacturing vaccines and expanding their availability around the world.

Understand the Fundamentals of Wastewater Treatment

October
2011
Back To Basics
Mukesh Doble, Venkatachalam Geetha
Wastewater treatment technologies range from membrane filtration to UV radiation to activated sludge. Compare their advantages and disadvantages to select the appropriate methods for your application.

Integrate Compressor Performance Maps into Process Simulation

June
2011
Computational Methods
Grant Stephenson
Transforming the performance maps to a reduced coordinate system that is independent of suction conditions and rotational speeds allows these curves to be accurately incorporated into a process simulator.

Understanding Steam Traps

February
2011
Back To Basics
James R. Risko
Steam trap failure can affect process operations and reduce profits. Choosing the right steam traps can improve reliability and reduce cost.
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