Al Darzins, Eric P. Knoshaug
The production of algal biofuels involves algae cultivation, biomass harvesting and dewatering, lipid extraction, and conversion to fuel.
Increasing energy demand and dwindling energy resources have spurred interest in making transportation fuels from renewable sources such as microalgae.
Chemical parks are synergistic environments for the companies located there — thanks to integration of infrastructure and shared resources and distribution networks. In Europe, Germany’s central location and unique geography have contributed to the...
Yi Cheng, Yong Jin
The need to address ecological problems stemming from China’s burgeoning industrial growth is the impetus behind many recent developments in China’s surging chemical industry.
Jae Hyun Cho, Il Moon
South Korea's chemical industry is entering a position of leadership in the world market. However, new investments in energy resources, a shift to higher-value-added products, and development of core environmentally friendly technologies are needed...
Chemical engineering salaries have remained stable over the last two years at a median of $110,000. Average starting salaries are nearly $66,900. This expanded version of the article that appeared in print provides the detailed survey results.
James A. Klein, Bruce K. Vaughen
Built on a solid foundation of leadership support and employee involvement, an operational discipline program can help to prevent serious incidents and injuries, and improve overall site safety and business performance.
The recent earthquake and tsunami in Japan had a devastating impact on the people and industry of this economic and cultural giant. This article reflects on the emergence of Japan’s chemical industry in the half-century since World War II that led...
Joseph S. Alford, P.E.
Automation can pay large dividends in the form of reduced process cycle times, lower operational costs, and more-consistent processes for manufacturing high-quality pharmaceutical products.
John R. Puskar, P.E.
Repairing natural gas piping is inherently dangerous. Follow these safety protocols to avoid potentially catastrophic results from improper installation and repair of natural gas lines.
Thermocouples and resistance temperature detectors are the most common contacting temperature sensors. Understand the techniques and apply them correctly to increase your temperature measurement accuracy.
Michelle Murphy, Molly R. Myers, Judy Perry
Facilities that handle or generate dusts are at risk for explosions and flash fires. Follow this approach to understand and mitigate your combustible dust hazards.
Noncontacting infrared thermometers can be used in many applications that are too harsh or impractical for thermocouples and resistance temperature detectors. Understand their principles of operation and their advantages and limitations to select...
T. Kevin Swift
Understand the economic state of the chemical industry and trends in capital investment to make wise corporate-spending decisions.
Gary Geiger, Mel J. Esmacher, P.E.
An important first step in maintaining equipment reliability and efficiency is understanding the various types of corrosion damage that can occur.
An understanding of the basic approach to creating vaccines, as well as how vaccines confer immunity, is essential to developing safe and cost-effective formulations.
Adam Bader, Wes Bussman, Charles E. Baukal Jr., P.E.
Flares allow for the safe, effective disposal of gases and liquids, by acting as relief devices when a plant must quickly dispose of product within its system to prevent overpressurization and potential explosions.
Ron Marshall, Bill Scales
Annual operating expenses for compressed air systems can exceed the equipment’s purchase price. Follow these seven steps to implement efficiency measures that yield cost reductions.
Thomas G. Lestina, P.E.
The first step in specifying a shell-and-tube heat exchanger is choosing the right shell to meet process requirements.
John G. Aunins, Michael E. Laska, Jose M. Otero, Bret R. Phillips
Fundamental chemical and bioprocess engineering principles and tools will be key to developing and manufacturing vaccines and expanding their availability around the world.
Mukesh Doble, Venkatachalam Geetha
Wastewater treatment technologies range from membrane filtration to UV radiation to activated sludge. Compare their advantages and disadvantages to select the appropriate methods for your application.
Transforming the performance maps to a reduced coordinate system that is independent of suction conditions and rotational speeds allows these curves to be accurately incorporated into a process simulator.
James R. Risko
Steam trap failure can affect process operations and reduce profits. Choosing the right steam traps can improve reliability and reduce cost.