2011

Making Existing Process Plants Inherently Safer

Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 14, 2011
Making process plants inherently safer has obvious advantages and is easiest to do when designing a new plant. Modification of existing plants to...

Processing Heavy Crudes In Existing Refineries

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 13, 2011
Increasing amounts of heavy crudes are being produced, particularly in Canada and South America. The discount prices for these crudes, relative to...

Human Performance Training

Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 13, 2011
Operator competency has been a major challenge for the petrochemical and refining industry for decades. In recent times, human factors are believed...

Process Safety Performance Tool

Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 13, 2011
The process safety management in a petrochemical company is a key factor for sustainability, since intends to prevent or minimize the consequences of...

PSM Auditing Dilemmas

Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 13, 2011
In most PSM audits, the audit team will face one or more situations that represent a dilemma. These dilemmas usually require the individual auditor...

Quantitative Models for Assessing MOC Performance

Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 13, 2011
The safety community, bolstered by the PSM regulations, has emphasized the importance of proper management of change to ensure safe, reliable and...

Management of Change (MOC) Auditing System

Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 13, 2011
Our company has discovered that regular auditing of the MOC process is essential to enforcing its proper use. We have developed an audit that can be...

CO2 Tolerant N2 Rejection From Natural Gas

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 13, 2011
Associated gas from the oil industry has been flared for decades. The prevailing attitude towards CO 2 emissions and other pollutants requires smart...

Mercury Removal From Gaseous and Liquid Hydrocarbons

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 13, 2011
Mercury is present in many of the world’s oil & gas fields and its removal and capture is important for a number of reasons: * Process plants...

Sulfur Myths - What We Know and What We Do Not Know

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 13, 2011
The use of organosulfur compounds in steam cracking furnaces to produce ethylene and propylene is a universal practice to essentially prevent carbon...

Fundamentals of Alarm Management

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 13, 2011
When the information era began thirty years ago, the focus for the refinery control specialist was placing as much data as possible into the hands of...

SBE Update

March
2011
SBE Special Section
Miriam Cortes-Caminero

Algal Biofuels: The Process

March
2011
SBE Special Section
Al Darzins, Eric P. Knoshaug
The production of algal biofuels involves algae cultivation, biomass harvesting and dewatering, lipid extraction, and conversion to fuel.

Algal Biofuels: The Research

March
2011
SBE Special Section
Kimberly Ogden, Kuan-Chen Cheng
The individual technical elements of the algae-to-biofuels process have already been demonstrated at the laboratory scale. Ongoing research seeks to refine the technology to enable scaleup to commercial production.

Apply Six Sigma for Process Improvement and Problem-Solving

March
2011
Back To Basics
George Liebermann
Many manufacturing processes are not run as efficiently as they could be. The Six Sigma methodology provides a foundation for continuous improvement and for solving quality, operational, and other problems.

Developing Crystallization Processes

March
2011
Reactions and Separations
Christianto Wibowo
With solid-liquid equilibrium as its foundation, this systematic approach makes it easy to identify operating regions and theoretical yield to maximize the desired product.

Algal Biofuels: The Backstory

March
2011
SBE Special Section
Arjun Gopalratnam
Increasing energy demand and dwindling energy resources have spurred interest in making transportation fuels from renewable sources such as microalgae.

Germany's Chemical Parks: Industry Landscaping

October
2011
Global Outlook
Chemical parks are synergistic environments for the companies located there — thanks to integration of infrastructure and shared resources and distribution networks. In Europe, Germany’s central location and unique geography have contributed to the...

Nanotechnology: A Guide to Nano-Objects

May
2011
On The Horizon
Michael Wong, Sravani Gullapalli
Rapid change in the field of nanotechnology can make it hard to keep track of the latest nanomaterial developments. Here's a primer on the most common shapes, sizes, and compositions of nano-objects.

China: Past, Present and Future of Chemical Engineering

April
2011
Global Outlook
Yi Cheng, Yong Jin
The need to address ecological problems stemming from China’s burgeoning industrial growth is the impetus behind many recent developments in China’s surging chemical industry.

Meeting the Needs of the Water-Energy Nexus

April
2011
Critical Issues
David Klanecky, Snehal Desai
Water is required to produce energy, and energy is required to make use of water — the two are, and always will be, inextricably linked. Engineers must understand the water-energy nexus in order to manage both efficiently and sustainably.

South Korea's Chemical Industry: Progress and Challenges

December
2011
Global Outlook
Il Moon, Jae Hyun Cho
South Korea's chemical industry is entering a position of leadership in the world market. However, new investments in energy resources, a shift to higher-value-added products, and development of core environmentally friendly technologies are needed...

2011 AIChE Salary Survey

June
2011
Career Catalyst
Chemical engineering salaries have remained stable over the last two years at a median of $110,000. Average starting salaries are nearly $66,900. This expanded version of the article that appeared in print provides the detailed survey results.

Japan’s Chemical Industry: From Post-War Recovery to Globalization

June
2011
Global Outlook
Saburo Nakata
The recent earthquake and tsunami in Japan had a devastating impact on the people and industry of this economic and cultural giant. This article reflects on the emergence of Japan’s chemical industry in the half-century since World War II that led...

Using Automation to Produce Quality Pharmaceuticals

October
2011
Instrumentation
Joseph S. Alford, P.E.
Automation can pay large dividends in the form of reduced process cycle times, lower operational costs, and more-consistent processes for manufacturing high-quality pharmaceutical products.

Avoid Natural Gas Piping Hazards

January
2011
Safety
John R. Puskar, P.E.
Repairing natural gas piping is inherently dangerous. Follow these safety protocols to avoid potentially catastrophic results from improper installation and repair of natural gas lines.

Measuring Temperature by Direct Contact

September
2011
Back To Basics
Gary Freemer
Thermocouples and resistance temperature detectors are the most common contacting temp­erature sensors. Understand the techniques and apply them correctly to increase your temperature measurement accuracy.

Addressing Combustible Dust Hazards

May
2011
Back To Basics
Judy Perry, Michelle Murphy, Molly R. Myers
Facilities that handle or generate dusts are at risk for explosions and flash fires. Follow this approach to understand and mitigate your combustible dust hazards.

Measuring Temperature by Indirect Means

November
2011
Back To Basics
Gary Freemer
Noncontacting infrared thermometers can be used in many applications that are too harsh or impractical for thermocouples and resistance temperature detectors. Understand their principles of operation and their advantages and limitations to select...

Capital Spending in the Chemical Industry

January
2011
Chem Economics
T. Kevin Swift
Understand the economic state of the chemical industry and trends in capital investment to make wise corporate-spending decisions.

QbD for Generic MR Drug Products

AIChE Annual Meeting
Oct 18, 2011
The Office of Generic Drugs ensures the therapeutic equivalence and quality of generic drug products. This is based principally upon a regulatory...
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