2005

Biorefinery Process Economics

October
2005
SBE Special Section
Gregory M. Bohlmann
With oil and natural gas prices surging, bio-based feedstocks are becoming increasingly competitive. This article examines, in depth, the technical and economic aspects of the biorefinery concept.

Genetically Modified Crops

September
2005
Critical Issues
John Shave
Viewpoint #1 Regulate the Product, Not the Process by Gregory Conko Viewpoint #2 Not All Sugar & Spice

The Hydrogen Economy Is Coming - The Question is Where?

December
2005
On The Horizon
Charles W. Forsberg
The end of the oil age is coming. While the replacements for oil are uncertain, the leading candidates have one thing in common — the need for massive quantities of hydrogen in the production process.

A Hybrid Route to Chirally Pure Products

November
2005
Reactions and Separations
Christianto Wibowo , Lionel O'Young
Chromatographic resolution coupled with crystallization can be your best option for manufacturing chirally pure products.

Use TRIZ in Reverse to Analyze Failures

May
2005
Career Catalyst
Jack Hipple
Asking “how could I make this fail?” can help you to identify potential problems that you might not otherwise have considered.

Solve Problems Inventively

April
2005
Career Catalyst
Jack Hipple
The TRIZ methodology encourages you to approach problems from a different angle. Here’s a primer on the basics of the technique and the tools available to implement it.

Make Your Plant More Energy-Efficient

December
2005
Heat Transfer
Alan Rossiter
Improve energy management by optimizing current equipment and operations, implementing economic investments, and engaging in sustaining activities.

Alarm Management for Regulated Industries

April
2005
Instrumentation
Joseph S. Alford
This article focuses on the regulatory drivers for alarm management, summarizes key practices, and challenges automation vendors to devise new ways to help customers implement more-effective alarm systems.

SBE Special Section - Industrial Biotechnology

October
2005
SBE Special Section
June Wispelwey
Student Chapters Have Arrived! SBE Frontier Tutorial Second Bioengineering and Nanotech Conference Michael Shuler Wins Inaugural James E. Bailey Award Fishing Out Unusual DNA Enzyme is Linked to Neurological Disease

Converting a Commercial Distillation Column into a Research Tower

July
2005
Reactions and Separations
Ralph Weiland
Operating a column under actual distillation conditions is important for obtaining commercially valid hydraulic data. This article describes how a column was modified to operate in either a production or a research mode to collect hydraulic and mass...

Use Logic Diagrams to Analyze Failure Mechanisms

June
2005
Safety
Thiago Tinoco Pires
Here’s how to construct and apply continuous-value and single-value network diagrams, which can better represent system failure mechanisms than other logic diagrams.

Specifying Laser Scanning Services

May
2005
Plant Design
Eric Hoffman
Increasingly, project managers are called upon to employ laser scanning technology. However, little information available to aid with its specification. This article discusses the basics of laser scanning and the parameters that should be included...

Remember Hand Protection

January
2005
Safety
Laura Randall
Setting up a hand-protection program involves understanding the hazards, choosing the appropriate glove, training personnel on glove use, and ensuring that employees use their gloves properly.

Destroying Organic Wastes: Thermal Oxidizer Basics

May
2005
Environmental Management
Yehuda Goldshmid
This article describes the types of oxidizers, outlines the parameters that affect oxidizer choice, and provides guidance on specifying a thermal oxidizer system.

Addressing the Hazards of Data Omission from MSDSs

April
2005
Safety
James C. Mulligan
If certain chemicals lack physical hazards data, suppliers must be proactive to keep workers safe. Here’s how to determine dust flammability and reactivity data for inclusion on MSDSs.

Choose the Right Chemical-Resistant Glove

January
2005
Safety
Julie Copeland
Many gloves offer protection from chemicals. This article will help you understand what type of glove can provide the best protection for your application.

Beware of Pitfalls of Carbon Dioxide Freezing Prediction

March
2005
Heat Transfer
Steve Chafin , Tim Eggeman
Carbon dioxide freezing in a cryogenic system can result in plugging and other operational problems. This article offers insights into the carbon dioxide freezing phenomenon.

Boost Your Group’s Performance

September
2005
Career Catalyst
Charles Gillard
Working with employees to define “doing a good job” can improve organizational performance as well as employee satisfaction.

Pumping System Head Estimation

February
2005
Fluids and Solids Handling
James Anthony
These spreadsheets highlight losses, uncertainties and value of power used, helping you optimize pumping system designs and save on operating costs.

Enzyme Discovery: Screening, Cloning, Evolving

October
2005
SBE Special Section
Glenn Nedwin, Per Falholt, Thomas Schaefer
Enzymes are nature’s answer to many industrial and environmental challenges. This article details the latest approaches to enzyme discovery and evolution.

What’s the Price of Steam?

July
2005
Heat Transfer
Petar Varbanov , Robin Smith
Realistic steam prices are necessary for the efficient operation of a chemical production site, both to allocate realistic costs to the different businesses on the site and to provide a true economic incentive for energy conservation.

Prepare Now for REACH Compliance

March
2005
Environmental Management
Beth Sirull
Pending legislation would require companies that make or use chemicals in the European Union to register those substances.

Specifying Vessels for High-Pressure Dust Collectors

October
2005
Environmental Management
Todd Russelburg
ASME codes and standards govern the design, fabrication, testing and certification of high-pressure dust collector vessels. This article will assist you in working with a code vessel designer and/or manufacturer.

Safely Handle Powdered Solids

December
2005
Fluids and Solids Handling
Daniel E. Silva, Robert Zalosh, Russell Kahn, Stanley S. Grossel
Understand some of the accident scenarios that result in dust explosions, and follow these suggestions for preventing them.

Understanding Management Styles

February
2005
Career Catalyst
Peter E. Friedes
Are you naturally a “relater” or a “requirer”? Understanding how you relate and require will help you make the changes you need to be a more effective manager.

Designing a Scrubber to Control Emergency Releases

July
2005
Environmental Management
Anne McQueen, Jeffrey Michael Forde, Joseph W. Hower., Sunil Ojha
Here are guidelines for determining the scope of the control system, sizing the enclosure, and specifying the scrubber design.
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