2001

Six Steps to Effectively Update and Revalidate PHAs

January
2001
Safety
David K. Whittle, Kevin  Smith
Process hazard analyses must be revamped — or redone from scratch — every five years by law. Following the guidance given here will facilitate this effort.

How to do an Internal FDA Audit

October
2001
Management
Gavin Sinclair
Meeting FDA regulations is not optional. The costs are high for any company that does not act responsibly to ensure that all additives are meet the required regulations.

Select the Best Model for Two-Phase Relief Sizing

May
2001
Safety
Ron Darby, Paul R. Meiller, & Jarad R. Stockton , Ronald Darby
A variety of methods exist for sizing valves, but not all give the best predictions for certain conditions. RonDarby-PaulR.Meiller-JaradR.Stockton-

Optimize Process Regulation

December
2001
Instrumentation
Phillip D. Schnelle
Laboratory feedback proportional-integral control integrates statistical process control with automatic process control to minimize process variability.

Reduce Thermal Risk in Industrial Synthesis

October
2001
Safety
Richard C. Wedlich 
Knowing the safe operating conditions for a reaction allows us to select appropriate safety measures and thereby lower both the likelihood and the severity of a thermal runaway.

Estimate Storage Tank Emissions

August
2001
Environmental Management
Jimmy  Peress
Use this shortcut to quickly determine emissions from fixed-roof storage tanks.

Use Case Histories to Energize Your HAZOP

March
2001
Safety
Glenn  Mahnken
Reviewing incident reports at a HAZOP meeting is more than just a lessons learned activity. It can spur sharper thinking and lead to a more telling analysis of your processes.

Correctly Calculate the Potential to Emit

December
2001
Environmental Management
Janet Scheier
Determining maximum capacity and ensuring that permit limits are federally enforceable are critical to calculating PTE.

Avoid Pitfalls in Evaluating Catalyst Performance

July
2001
Reactions and Separations
Daniel G. Loffler
Age and life are not suitable parameters to compare catalyst performance. The proper ones are the rate of reaction and the rate of deactivation.

Develop Effective Environmental Training

September
2001
Environmental Management
Peter J. Stoll
Computer-based environmental compliance training offers a number of advantages. This article discusses the benefits of computer-based training, outlines its most important components, and provides tips for structuring and writing a course.

Biofiltration - A Primer

April
2001
Environmental Management
Stephen  F. Adler
Use these guidelines to scale up and design biofiltration processes for the control of volatile organic compounds.

Develop a Strategy for Residual Risk

January
2001
Environmental Management
Mary F. McDaniel
Understand the implications of the pending regulations to better address residual risk and to develop an effective communications plan.

Expanded Metal Networks: A Safety Net to Thwart Gas Explosions

December
2001
Safety
Hans K. Fauske, Robert E. Henry
Using active deflagration suppression is the usual way to prevent or mitigate gas explosions. However, this is not always practical. A passive method is now available - inserting a metal foil into the vessel to absorb the heat of reaction and...

Properly Purge and Inert Storage Vessels

February
2001
Safety
George R. Kinsley Jr.
Inert gases are used to prevent fires and explosions in the vapor spaces of equipment. Correct selection of oxygen concentration and inert gas flow rate are critical to ensuring safety.

Minimize Enforcement Penalties

July
2001
Environmental Management
Jessica L. Idzerda
Identify possible New Source Review/Prevention of Significant Deterioration penalties by conducting an internal audit and disclosing potential violations.

Preventing Pollution Around the World

November
2001
Environmental Management
J. J.  Rao
By implementing these strategies at all of its overseas facililities, an international corporation can reap such benefits as increased efficiency, reduced costs and a positive public image.

Process Synthesis: Poised for a Wider Role

April
2001
On The Horizon
W. R. Johns
Software for generating process designs has made relatively limited inroads so far. But, it now is set to follow simulation and become a tool routinely used by chemical engineers.

Prepare for a Different Future

February
2001
Opinion
Calvin B. Cobb
The U.S. industrial landscape is changing dramatically. This has significant implications for our profession and individual chemical engineers.

Checking Out the Competition

August
2001
Management
Gary  Street
Develop a winning game plan by following these logical steps to competitive assessment.

Achieving Success

December
2001
Career Catalyst
Slava Thaler
Put these seven principles to work to spell success for your professional and personal life.

Succeed in Business in the Far East

January
2001
Career Catalyst
Lionel F. Laroche, Susan Morey
Understand what is expected of you when traveling to this burgeioning part of the world.

Select the Right Spray Nozzle

June
2001
Reactions and Separations
Peter  Welander, Terra L. Vincent
Finding the proper nozzle for specific applications doesn't have to be difficult. By applying basic concepts of nozzle technology, you can create a droplet profile that best suits your needs.

Now Hear This

May
2001
Career Catalyst
Robert W. Bly
Understand the listening process and follow these guidelines to become a better listener.

Increasing Employee Productivity

September
2001
Management
Charles  Gillard
Maximize workplace efficiency via implementation of best practices using workflow modeling and automation.

Choose Materials for High-Temperature Environments

February
2001
Materials
Peter  Elliott
High temperatures, stresses, and the presence of elements such as oxygen, sulfur, or the halogens can add up to trouble. Here is how to screen candidate alloys for such service.

Validate Your Engineering Software!

July
2001
Instrumentation
Michael  Tanzio
You really can't guarantee that applications work correctly unless you take specific steps to validate the software.

Account for Uncertainty in New Product Development

June
2001
Management
Gavin  Sinclair ,  Gary Blau
New product development projects can be risky business. Learn how to incorporate uncertainty and risk analysis into the new product development process.

Pervaporation Comes of Age

October
2001
Reactions and Separations
Nick Wynn
This membrane process has found growing use for dehydrating organics. Uses keep increasing, mostly due to development of new, high-temperature membranes.
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