2001

Six Steps to Effectively Update and Revalidate PHAs

January
2001
Safety
David K. Whittle, Kevin  Smith
Process hazard analyses must be revamped — or redone from scratch — every five years by law. Following the guidance given here will facilitate this effort.

How to do an Internal FDA Audit

October
2001
Management
Gavin Sinclair
Meeting FDA regulations is not optional. The costs are high for any company that does not act responsibly to ensure that all additives are meet the required regulations.

Select the Best Model for Two-Phase Relief Sizing

May
2001
Safety
Ronald Darby, Ron Darby, Paul R. Meiller, & Jarad R. Stockton
A variety of methods exist for sizing valves, but not all give the best predictions for certain conditions. RonDarby-PaulR.Meiller-JaradR.Stockton-

Optimize Process Regulation

December
2001
Instrumentation
Phillip D. Schnelle
Laboratory feedback proportional-integral control integrates statistical process control with automatic process control to minimize process variability.

Develop a Strategy for Residual Risk

January
2001
Environmental Management
Mary F. McDaniel
Understand the implications of the pending regulations to better address residual risk and to develop an effective communications plan.

Expanded Metal Networks: A Safety Net to Thwart Gas Explosions

December
2001
Safety
Robert E. Henry, Hans K. Fauske
Using active deflagration suppression is the usual way to prevent or mitigate gas explosions. However, this is not always practical. A passive method is now available - inserting a metal foil into the vessel to absorb the heat of reaction and...

Properly Purge and Inert Storage Vessels

February
2001
Safety
George R. Kinsley Jr.
Inert gases are used to prevent fires and explosions in the vapor spaces of equipment. Correct selection of oxygen concentration and inert gas flow rate are critical to ensuring safety.

Minimize Enforcement Penalties

July
2001
Environmental Management
Jessica L. Idzerda
Identify possible New Source Review/Prevention of Significant Deterioration penalties by conducting an internal audit and disclosing potential violations.

Preventing Pollution Around the World

November
2001
Environmental Management
J. J.  Rao
By implementing these strategies at all of its overseas facililities, an international corporation can reap such benefits as increased efficiency, reduced costs and a positive public image.

Process Synthesis: Poised for a Wider Role

April
2001
On The Horizon
W. R. Johns
Software for generating process designs has made relatively limited inroads so far. But, it now is set to follow simulation and become a tool routinely used by chemical engineers.

Prepare for a Different Future

February
2001
Opinion
Calvin B. Cobb
The U.S. industrial landscape is changing dramatically. This has significant implications for our profession and individual chemical engineers.

Reduce Thermal Risk in Industrial Synthesis

October
2001
Safety
Richard C. Wedlich 
Knowing the safe operating conditions for a reaction allows us to select appropriate safety measures and thereby lower both the likelihood and the severity of a thermal runaway.

Estimate Storage Tank Emissions

August
2001
Environmental Management
Jimmy  Peress
Use this shortcut to quickly determine emissions from fixed-roof storage tanks.

Use Case Histories to Energize Your HAZOP

March
2001
Safety
Glenn  Mahnken
Reviewing incident reports at a HAZOP meeting is more than just a lessons learned activity. It can spur sharper thinking and lead to a more telling analysis of your processes.

Correctly Calculate the Potential to Emit

December
2001
Environmental Management
Janet Scheier
Determining maximum capacity and ensuring that permit limits are federally enforceable are critical to calculating PTE.

Avoid Pitfalls in Evaluating Catalyst Performance

July
2001
Reactions and Separations
Daniel G. Loffler
Age and life are not suitable parameters to compare catalyst performance. The proper ones are the rate of reaction and the rate of deactivation.

Develop Effective Environmental Training

September
2001
Environmental Management
Peter J. Stoll
Computer-based environmental compliance training offers a number of advantages. This article discusses the benefits of computer-based training, outlines its most important components, and provides tips for structuring and writing a course.

Biofiltration - A Primer

April
2001
Environmental Management
Stephen  F. Adler
Use these guidelines to scale up and design biofiltration processes for the control of volatile organic compounds.

Optimize Heat Exchanger Cleaning Schedules

June
2001
Heat Transfer
Chris D. Gosling, Bruce A. Barna, Brendan R. O'Donnel
Get the most out of your heat exchanger by evaluating the trade-offs between a one-time expenditure and reduced operating expenses, increased income, and/or longer operating life span. Brendan R. O'Donnell - Bruce A. Barna - Chris D. Gosling -

10 Tips for Managing Your Career

July
2001
Career Catalyst
Bettina  Seidman
Get interpersonally fit by improving your work relationships and honing your communication skills

Succeed in Business in Germany and Switzerland

November
2001
Career Catalyst
Leonore  Clauss, Lionel F. Laroche 
Interactions with the Germans and the Swiss may seem easy, but it's important to understand their way of thinking and their approach to doing business.

Propel Your Pneumatic Conveying System to Higher Efficiency

April
2001
Fluids and Solids Handling
Francisco  Cabrejos, Thomas G. Troxel, Herman  Purutyan
For new and existing installations, there are many system and component choices available. Here’s how to narrow down the options to make the appropriate selection for optimal performance.

Effectively Control Column Pressure

January
2001
Reactions and Separations
Andrew W. Sloley 
Maintaining proper pressure can play a crucial role in the stable operation of a distillation column. Here’s how to select the most appropriate pressure-control scheme.

Take Another Look at Steam Traps

June
2001
Fluids and Solids Handling
S. Raghavi  Chari
Think twice before installing a steam trap. In the case of superheated lines, steam traps may prove to be a waste of time, effort, and money

Air Heater Cleaning Simplified

October
2001
Heat Transfer
Brad Buecker
This high-pressure water washing technique can be used to clean Ljungstrom-type air heaters.

Realize Greater Benefits from CFD

March
2001
Fluids and Solids Handling
 Lanre M. Oshinowo, Andre  Bakker, Ahmad H. Haidari
Computational fluid dynamics has moved from mainframes to PCs and laptops. Newer and better software lets you conduct analyses not possible before, and regular engineers, not just experts, can now carry out CFD.

Over 40? Make the Most of It!

August
2001
Career Catalyst
Bettina Seidman
Savvy employers are learning to value experienced engineers. Here's how you can take advantage of this trend.

Design Reactors via CFD

December
2001
Reactions and Separations
Elizabeth M. Marshall, Andre Bakker, Ahmad H. Haidari
Using computational fluid dynamics to design commercial-size batch and continuous reactors can eliminate subjective experience and empiricism, leading to better-designed, more-efficient units.

Properly Clean Out Your Organic Heat-Transfer Fluid System

May
2001
Heat Transfer
 Conrad  Gamble, Jay  Heidari, Ander  Beain
Follow these guidelines for applying side-stream filtration to on-line cleaning, and chemical or mechanical cleaning to equipment that has been drained of fluid.
Subscribe to 2001