Environmental Sustainability

Knock, Knock. Who’s There? The EPA Inspector!

July
2004
Environmental Management
 Ronald W. Zdrojeski, Lee D. Hoffman
Preparation and training can help minimize your facility’s — and your own — vulnerability to criminal prosecution for environmental violations.

A Renewable Route to Propylene Glycol

August
2007
News Feature
Suzanne Shelley
Rapid expansion in biodiesel production has spurred a bumper crop of competing processes to turn byproduct glycerin into propylene glycol.

Who Done It? The ABCs of Environmental Forensics

March
2006
Environmental Management
Matthew Schroeder, Jeffrey Bolin, Michael Sklash
These tools and techniques can be used to make sense of soil or groundwater contamination - where it came from, who is responsible for it, and how to fairly allocate the costs to clean it up.

Get the Most for Your Emissions Testing Buck

November
2004
Environmental Management
Robert M. Neimeier
A successful emissions testing program involves understanding the purpose of the testing, preparing a request for proposal, eveloping a protocol and entrusting the job with the right person.

Understand the Emerging Issue of Vapor Intrusion

October
2007
Environmental Management
Matthew Traister
The migration of vapors from contaminated groundwater and soil into aboveground buildings can adversely affect indoor air quality by creating an exposure pathway that may not have been addressed previously.

Preparing an Air Emissions Inventory

November
2003
Environmental Management
Marc Karell
To keep track of its emissions and its regulatory compliance status, a plant must perform a thorough, process-by-process emissions inventory.

Measuring and Communicating Sustainability through Eco-Efficiency Analysis

December
2010
Environmental Management
Peter Saling, Bruce W. Uhlman
Eco-efficiency analysis promotes an understanding of the economic and environmental trade-offs over products’ lifecycles, and supports informed, strategic decision-making in all areas of a business, from spurring innovative product development to...

Right-Sizing Environmental Controls

June
2006
Environmental Management
E. Joseph Duckett
Size does matter - and bigger is not necessarily better when it comes to pollution control. It is more important to be the right size than the largest size.

Access Environmental Information on the Internet

January
2003
Environmental Management
June C. Bolstridge
These websites provide useful data, models, publications and other resources to aid environmental decision-making and regulatory compliance activities.

Incorporating Sustainability into Chemical Engineering Education

January
2009
Special Section
Cliff I. Davidson, Braden R. Allenby, Cynthia F. Murphy, David T. Allen
This benchmarking study of the types of courses offered and the material being taught sheds light on what the engineering profession regards as sustainability.

Prepare Now for REACH Compliance

March
2005
Environmental Management
Beth Sirull
Pending legislation would require companies that make or use chemicals in the European Union to register those substances.

Mitigating Global Climate Change Through Power-Generation Technology

November
2007
Critical Issues
Frank Princiotta
With the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change set to release its Fourth Assessment Synthesis Report later this month, now is a good time for chemical engineers to take a look at this topic. This article provides a succinct integration of...

Use Periodic Checks to Demonstrate Title V Compliance

February
2004
Environmental Management
Colleen McCarthy, John M. Beath
This hybrid technique of determining whether a plant is meeting its regulatory requirements helps overcome the pitfalls of action-tracking and compliance auditing.

Selecting the Proper Flare System

July
2011
Back To Basics
Wes Bussman, Charles E. Baukal Jr., P.E., Adam Bader
Flares allow for the safe, effective disposal of gases and liquids, by acting as relief devices when a plant must quickly dispose of product within its system to prevent overpressurization and potential explosions.

Controlling Emissions During Cold Furnace Startup

February
2007
Environmental Management
Richard T. Waibel, Wes Bussman, Jianhui Hong, Charles E. Baukal Jr.
High carbon monoxide emissions from a furnace while its temperature is being ramped up can exceed permit limits if appropriate measures are not taken. Here are a few suggestions.

Preparing for GHG Inventory Verification

April
2004
Environmental Management
- Lauren M. Sandler, James T. Wintergreen
To ensure that the greenhouse gas inventory is accurate and complete, prepare for eventual third-party verification during the planning and data collection stages.

Technology Integration Challenges

August
2011
Special Section
Ronald K. Munson, John J. Marano, Jared P. Ciferno
Carbon capture and storage (CCS) could be an important part of the transition to lower-carbon energy sources. However, widespread integration of CCS with existing power-generation plants and technologies — on a commercial scale and in a cost-...

Apply Process Integration to Environmental Impact Assessment

February
2009
Environmental Management
Hassan E. Alfadala, Patrick Linke, Ahmed Abdel-Wahab, Eva M. Lovelady, Mahmoud M. El-Halwagi
This approach provides valuable insights early in the design process and systematizes the design effort, while reconciling process objectives with environmental constraints.

Designing a Scrubber to Control Emergency Releases

July
2005
Environmental Management
Anne McQueen, Sunil Ojha, Jeffrey Michael Forde, Joseph W. Hower.
Here are guidelines for determining the scope of the control system, sizing the enclosure, and specifying the scrubber design.

Collect and Destroy Emissions Safely

May
2004
Environmental Management
Tony Ennis
Vent collection and destruction systems are complex, and their safety depends on the proper integration of the discrete elements. This article provides guidance on how to achieve that.

Navigating the Legal Landscape

August
2011
Special Section
Mary Ellen Ternes, Arnold W. Reitze Jr.
A legal framework governing carbon sequestration will need to be put in place before major carbon capture and storage (CCS) projects can get underway. A final rule issued under the Safe Drinking Water Act sets minimum requirements, but this is just...

Think Outside the Box to Reduce Wastes

June
2003
Environmental Management
R. Bruce Hartman, Martin C. Welch
Use this audit procedure to evaluate the current performance of your process safety management processes as well as their future viability.

What Does It Mean To Be Green?

September
2009
Opinion
Phillip E. Savage, P.E.
Sustainability encompasses green chemistry and green engineering, among other concepts. This article explores some of the principles of sustainability and provides a framework for developing a lifecycle approach to chemical engineering.

Ensure Consistent Greenhouse Gas Emissions Estimates

September
2005
Environmental Management
Miriam Lev-On , Karin Ritter. Susann Nordrum
These techniques can be used to estimate and report GHG emissions from a wide variety of diverse sources, thereby increasing global consistency.

Dealing with Climate Change at the Local Level

February
2008
Opinion
Paul A. Jennings
Whatever problems may be caused by climate change, engineers will be expected to solve them.Now is the time to begin addressing the issues at the local and regional scale.

Implementing an EHS Management Information System

May
2004
Information Technology
Jill Barson Gilbert
Information technology issues are just as important as business and environmental, health and safety considerations. Follow these ten tips to deply an effective EMIS with a positive return on investment.

Discussing Climate-Change Challenges

July
2007
News Feature
Matthew McKeon-Slattery
The U.S. is still at odds with other developed nations when it comes to a strategy for reducing greenhouse gas emissions. At the G8 Summit, President Bush opposed a pact advocated by German Chancellor Angela Merkel calling for CO2 emissions to be...

How Sustainable are Your PSM Processes?

June
2003
Safety
R. Bruce Hartman, Martin C. Welch
Use this audit procedure to evaluate the current performance of your process safety management processes as well as their future viability.

Audit Your Emissions Inventory

January
2010
Environmental Management
Jeffrey H. Siegell
Some emissions reports include data that are based on faulty assumptions and methodologies. This article presents an effective approach to auditing your emissions inventory to maximize the representativeness of the reports you submit. <br>

Modeling Accidental Releases

November
2005
Environmental Management
Weiping Dai
This article compares several common dispersion models available in the public domain and offers guidance on selecting the appropriate one for a particular release.

Nanomaterials: What are the Environmental and Health Impacts?

December
2008
Critical Issues
Nastassja Lewinski
As with previous emerging technologies, there have been uncertainties and concerns about the environmental and health risks associated with nanotechnology. This article reviews some of the ongoing efforts to better understand and characterize...

Identification of Cleaner Production Improvement Opportunities

February, 2006
Regardless of its size or nature, every industry generates waste and is responsible for imple-menting the practices of pollution prevention and waste minimization in its day-to-day operations. Whether it's dirty water or toxic wastes, industrial pollution is all the same in one way: it reduces a...

Profiles in Flue Gas Desulfurization

January, 2000
As the need to control process emissions has increased, so have the number of FGD treatment and control strategies. The effectiveness of these treatments vary greatly, depending the types and levels of the materials, as well as the size of the facility. Profiles in Flue Gas Desulfurization will...
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