AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety

Improving Ethylene Charge Gas Compressor Performance

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 15, 2011 - 8:00pm
The changing landscape of the ethylene industry requiring more feedstock flexibility and upstream and downstream integration increases the complexity...

Mitigation of Preheat Fouling by Eliminating the Cause

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 15, 2011 - 8:00pm
Today, there is no excuse for not getting five years or more on the run length of refinery preheat exchangers without the need for cleaning. Among...

Trip & Throttle Valve Reliability

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 15, 2011 - 8:00pm
Trip & Throttle Valve Reliability Trip & Throttle (or Stop) valves are used in ethylene plants to isolate the energy to steam turbines when...

PSM Metrics Impact on Process Safety Culture

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 15, 2011 - 8:00pm
Several years ago our facility recognized the need to expand from a PSM Program managed by a small group to a PSM Culture owned by the full facility...

Ethylene Boil-off Compressor Process Safety Incident

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 15, 2011 - 8:00pm
Braskem, a Brazilian player among petrochemical manufacturers, produces monomers, resins and chemicals specialties. The overall Ethylene capacity is...

Cracked Gas Compressor Control Tutorial

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 15, 2011 - 8:00pm
The market conditions over the couple of years has prompted many end-users to review antisurge control design to help lower their energy index. A...

Advanced Hydrogen Management : More Than a Balancing Act

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 15, 2011 - 8:00pm
Modern high complexity refining landscape involves increasing proportion of “opportunity crude” processing and widened bottom-of-the-barrel...

Objectives of Anti-Surge Control

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 15, 2011 - 8:00pm
Objectives of Anti-Surge Control Preventing a compressor surge is the primary purpose of an anti-surge controller. However, there are additional...

Thoughts about Safety, Staying at Zero

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 15, 2011 - 8:00pm
Perfect safety records and perfect environmental records are an “inalienable right”, given to us not by governments, companies, or others. It is a...

The Challenge to Implement and Maintain An Effective PSM Program

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 15, 2011 - 8:00pm
While researching to develop responses to help a client respond to OSHA citations, we discovered a presentation to the same industry segment from...

An Update on OSHA's PSM National Emphasis Programs

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 15, 2011 - 8:00pm
Since 2007, OSHA has initiated two major National Emphasis Programs (NEPs) in process safety. The Petroleum Refinery Process Safety Management NEP (...

Critical FLNG Project Enablers: Identified Risks and Mitigation

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 15, 2011 - 8:00pm
Energy demand in the next two decades is expected to increase by 50 percent or more driven by the engine of economic growth. In parallel, the global...

Good Engineering Practices - Inspection and Test Frequencies

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 15, 2011 - 8:00pm
The "Process Safety Management" standard of the Occupational Safety and Health Act [OSHA] requires that "The frequency of inspections and tests of...

LNG Tank Top Fires

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 15, 2011 - 8:00pm
The regulatory requirements of 49 CFR 193, Liquefied Natural Gas Facilities: Federal Safety Standards, require thorough engineering reviews before...

Operational Inputs Into the Mechanical Integrity Program

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 15, 2011 - 8:00pm
A predictive mechanical integrity (MI) program is based on the following: * Damage mechanisms that affect process equipment. * Rate at which...

Introductory Remarks

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 15, 2011 - 8:00pm

Flare Minimization Via Dynamic Simulation

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 15, 2011 - 8:00pm
Flaring in chemical process industry (CPI) is an important method to protect equipment and personnel safety during the process upset and the chemical...

Process Automation During Refinery Unit Transitions

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 15, 2011 - 8:00pm
Process Automation ideas and technologies have been used sporadically for decades. However, in US refineries, automation technologies are still...

Thermal Plasma Gasification of Different Coals with Carbon Dioxide

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 14, 2011 - 8:00pm
Carbon dioxide emissions from conventional coal-fired power plants constitute the majority CO 2 emissions in the U.S. Mitigation of CO 2 by chemical...

Management of Change (MOC) Basics for Plant Engineers

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 14, 2011 - 8:00pm
The essentials of Management of Change (MOC) for plant engineers will be presented. The meaning of MOC will be explained and its central role in safe...

Study on Energy Consumption for Natural Gas Liquefaction

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 14, 2011 - 8:00pm
The main purpose of this work is to optimize natural gas liquefaction process by reducing energy consumption. At first, a rigorous simulation of...

Multi-Model MPC for a Complex pH Neutralization Process

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 14, 2011 - 8:00pm
Control of feed pH control is an important task in chemical industries, wastewater treatment, polymerization reactions, fatty acid production and...

Methods for Precluding the Existence of a Dust-Explosion Hazard

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 14, 2011 - 8:00pm
The "generic" standard for preventing fires and explosions involving combustible dusts is the National Fire Protection Association publication NFPA...

Exploitation of Low-Grade Heat In Site Utility Systems

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 14, 2011 - 8:00pm
The site utility system provides the heating, cooling load along with power production for the processes on the total site. Low-grade heat is...

Making Existing Process Plants Inherently Safer

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 14, 2011 - 8:00pm
Making process plants inherently safer has obvious advantages and is easiest to do when designing a new plant. Modification of existing plants to...

It's People, Stupid! Human Factors In Incident Investigation

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 14, 2011 - 8:00pm
People have inherent strengths and weaknesses which can affect their performance. Issues such as fatigue, emotional stress, and motivation can...

Prevention of CUI: “ Roadmap to Managing CUI ”

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 14, 2011 - 8:00pm
This paper details CUI cases as well as the means for preventing, finding and repairing them. Approaches and procedures for managing CUI are...

Novel Additives to Improve Resid Quality

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 14, 2011 - 8:00pm
With an increasing focus on resid upgrade and bottom of the barrel conversion over the years due to economic advantages, refiners are increasingly...

Secondary Effects of Reducing Carbon Dioxide Emissions

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 14, 2011 - 8:00pm
Secondary Effects of Reducing Carbon Dioxide Emissions While climate change has lost some interest to the global economy, the United States and the...

New Continuous Coking Process

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 14, 2011 - 8:00pm
NEW CONTINUOUS COKING PROCESS A new coking process can accept resid feed from the conventional resid heater in a coking plant and continuously...

Plasma Assisted De-NOx In Diesel Engine

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 14, 2011 - 8:00pm
Plasma assisted De-NOx systems in mobile application are introduced. In general, de-NOx process requires reductant for reducing catalyst. NH3(Urea)...

Incident Investigation- Addressing Common Oversights

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 14, 2011 - 8:00pm
Principles of incident investigation may be used in daily process troubleshooting and near miss events to identify root cause. Identifying and...

Role of Plasma Chemistry In Fuel Reforming Process

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 14, 2011 - 8:00pm
The purpose of the present study is to investigate role of plasma chemistry in a fuel reforming process. So far, role of plasma chemistry in a fuel...
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