Fossil Fuels

Process Automation During Refinery Unit Transitions

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 15, 2011 - 8:00pm
Process Automation ideas and technologies have been used sporadically for decades. However, in US refineries, automation technologies are still...

Mitigation of Preheat Fouling by Eliminating the Cause

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 15, 2011 - 8:00pm
Today, there is no excuse for not getting five years or more on the run length of refinery preheat exchangers without the need for cleaning. Among...

Multi-Model MPC for a Complex pH Neutralization Process

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 14, 2011 - 8:00pm
Control of feed pH control is an important task in chemical industries, wastewater treatment, polymerization reactions, fatty acid production and...

Helium Extraction From Nitrogen Rejection Unit Stream of LNG Plants

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 14, 2011 - 8:00pm
Helium is a major rare gas that has a lot industrial and research application. Potential production has traditionally come from natural gas and the...

Exploitation of Low-Grade Heat In Site Utility Systems

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 14, 2011 - 8:00pm
The site utility system provides the heating, cooling load along with power production for the processes on the total site. Low-grade heat is...

Synthesis Gas Cleanup with Nonthermal Plasma

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 14, 2011 - 8:00pm
Plasma processes are very useful in industry because plasma has the unique characteristic of producing active species in large numbers of energetic...

Reliable Innovations on Compressors for LNG Value Chain

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 14, 2011 - 8:00pm
Since the restart of its expansion in 1985 with Woodside plant, OEM has tried to support the growth of LNG market all over the years by introducing...

Novel Additives to Improve Resid Quality

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 14, 2011 - 8:00pm
With an increasing focus on resid upgrade and bottom of the barrel conversion over the years due to economic advantages, refiners are increasingly...

New Continuous Coking Process

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 14, 2011 - 8:00pm
NEW CONTINUOUS COKING PROCESS A new coking process can accept resid feed from the conventional resid heater in a coking plant and continuously...

The Role of Heat Exchangers In Post-Combustion CO2 Capture

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 14, 2011 - 8:00pm
The role of heat exchangers in post-combustion CO2 capture Warren Ziegler Motivation: The overall energy penalty for post-combustion carbon capture...

Handling LPG Components In LNG Plants

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 14, 2011 - 8:00pm
Natural Gas Liquid (NGL) recovery is an inherent part of most Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) production trains. The requirement serves many purposes,...

Resin Wafer Electrodeionization for Flue Gas Carbon Dioxide Capture

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 14, 2011 - 8:00pm
Energy efficient capture of CO 2 from coal-fired power plants is one of the grand challenges for the U.S. both to end dependence on imported energy...

Efficient Power Recovery In LNG Regasification Plants

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 14, 2011 - 8:00pm
Regasification plants vaporize liquefied natural gas using mainly high-pressure LNG pumps and heat exchangers. The vaporization pressure corresponds...

Thermal Plasma Gasification of Different Coals with Carbon Dioxide

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 14, 2011 - 8:00pm
Carbon dioxide emissions from conventional coal-fired power plants constitute the majority CO 2 emissions in the U.S. Mitigation of CO 2 by chemical...

The Impacts of Tight Gas and Shale to Global LNG Market and Gas

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 14, 2011 - 8:00pm
“Do we have enough gas?” This question asked by former Federal Reserve Chairman Alan Greenspan in 2003 had prompted him to declare that the US did...

Petroleum Resid Conversion: Opportunities and Limitations

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 14, 2011 - 8:00pm
In the conversion of vacuum resids one has the option to form coke as a byproduct or to devise conversion processes that prevent coke formation while...

Plasma Assisted De-NOx In Diesel Engine

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 14, 2011 - 8:00pm
Plasma assisted De-NOx systems in mobile application are introduced. In general, de-NOx process requires reductant for reducing catalyst. NH3(Urea)...

Study on Energy Consumption for Natural Gas Liquefaction

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 14, 2011 - 8:00pm
The main purpose of this work is to optimize natural gas liquefaction process by reducing energy consumption. At first, a rigorous simulation of...

Mercury Removal From Gaseous and Liquid Hydrocarbons

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Sunday, March 13, 2011 - 8:00pm
Mercury is present in many of the world’s oil & gas fields and its removal and capture is important for a number of reasons: * Process plants...

What Are We Going to Do with All This Natural Gas?” –

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Sunday, March 13, 2011 - 8:00pm
The success in Shale and other unconventional formations has dramatically expanded the N. American Natural Gas reserves and promises to also do so in...

Fundamentals of Alarm Management

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Sunday, March 13, 2011 - 8:00pm
When the information era began thirty years ago, the focus for the refinery control specialist was placing as much data as possible into the hands of...

Processing Heavy Crudes In Existing Refineries

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Sunday, March 13, 2011 - 8:00pm
Increasing amounts of heavy crudes are being produced, particularly in Canada and South America. The discount prices for these crudes, relative to...

CO2 Tolerant N2 Rejection From Natural Gas

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Sunday, March 13, 2011 - 8:00pm
Associated gas from the oil industry has been flared for decades. The prevailing attitude towards CO 2 emissions and other pollutants requires smart...

Designing for an LNG Loading Arm Failure

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Wednesday, March 24, 2010 - 8:00pm
Over the last few decades, LNG has vaulted onto the world stage as a viable candidate for future energy needs. Scores of studies have been done to...

The Effect of Turbulence on the Evaporation of LNG Spills on Water

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Wednesday, March 24, 2010 - 8:00pm
An important element of the overall risk of near-shore and offshore LNG operations is the behavior of spills on water: how the spill first interacts...

Fuel Performance Parameters for Marine Engines

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 23, 2010 - 8:00pm
The regulations for sulfur reduction in marine fuels are impacting the whole spectrum beginning from the production of the fuel in the refineries to...

Integrated Refinery Cracker, the New Paradigm

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 23, 2010 - 8:00pm
The new trends in crackers are higher capacity and heavier feedstock. This makes the integration between refineries and crackers significantly more...

Uncertainties in Modeling LNG Vapor Dispersion with CFD Codes

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 23, 2010 - 8:00pm
Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) models have been widely proposed and developed to predict LNG vapor dispersion behavior and to determine safe...

Design Feature of Large Full Containment LNG Storage Tank

Conference Presentation
1 Comment
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 23, 2010 - 8:00pm
A number of notable features are addressed that may be encountered in designing a large aboveground full containment LNG storage tank. The size and...

Technologies for Enhancing Refinery Gas Value

Conference Presentation
1 Comment
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 23, 2010 - 8:00pm
The trend of processing heavy and sour crude is resulting in 'fuel long' refineries which seek to export energy in the form of refinery fuel gas or...

Hybrid Membrane Absorption Process for Post Combustion CO2 Capture

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 23, 2010 - 8:00pm
Gas Technology Institute (GTI) and PoroGen Corporation are jointly developing a novel hybrid membrane – absorption process for pre- and post-...

Fouling by Asphaltenes After and During Conversion

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 23, 2010 - 8:00pm
During resid conversion processes, such as visbreaking or hydroconversion, more saturated pendant groups are cracked off asphaltenes, making them...

Stripper Configurations for CO2 Capture by Aqueous Amines

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 23, 2010 - 8:00pm
A monumental task for improving the feasibility of carbon capture from the flue gas of coal-fired power plants is reducing the total energy cost. A...

Full Potential Conversion of Vacuum Resids

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 23, 2010 - 8:00pm
Present vacuum resid conversion processes, either coking or hydroconversion, are far from achieving their maximum conversion. With the remaining...

Impact of MARPOL Annex VI Regulations for Marine Fuels Supply

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 23, 2010 - 8:00pm
The International Maritime Organization's (IMO) has adopted new emissions standards, MARPOL Annex VI, for large ships and their fuels in order to...

Overcoming Logistical Challenges with Collaborative Technologies

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 22, 2010 - 8:00pm
All refiners—and manufacturers in general—face daunting logistical challenges including supply chain, changing product specifications, carbon...

Improved Energy Efficiency in CDUs Through Fouling Control

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 22, 2010 - 8:00pm
Crude oil distillation accounts for a large fraction of the energy used in oil refining. Crude oil contains a variety of substances which tend to...

Enterprise Inventory Management in Volatile Markets

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 22, 2010 - 8:00pm
Hydrocarbon and other commodity prices are increasingly volatile due to factors which include speculation, reduced inventory and a lack of spare...

Loop Tuning Basics

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 22, 2010 - 8:00pm
There are many methods to tune PID controllers. This presentation provides a tutorial on tuning PID process controllers using Internal Model Control...
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