Fossil Fuels

Greener Use of Fossil Fuels: Lithium from Coal

March 27, 2015
Geologists from the Hebei University of Engineering in Handan, China have devised a plan to extract the lithium previously discovered in coal deposits in the northern part of the...

Shell Buys BG Group for $70 Billion

April 14, 2015
As global energy needs have soared, liquefied natural gas has become a global commodity as it's transported around the world on ships from remote locations to energy-hungry...

Renewables Help South Africa Save Its Grid

October 6, 2015
Starting with almost zero renewable energy in 2010, South Africa has now built out more than 1,000 megawatts of solar and 800 of wind power. This was made possible by opening up...

Shell's Prelude FLNG Completes Major Construction

January 22, 2016
Shell has sent out a video update as its revolutionary Prelude floating liquefied natural gas (FLNG) project winds up major construction in Samsung’s Geoje shipyard in South Korea...

The Saudi Oil Glut's Winners and Losers

March 18, 2016
Speaking to a packed auditorium during CERAWeek in Houston, Texas, Saudi Arabia's oil minister laid out the oil crash's cruel math for industry CEOs: first of all, the great oil...

General Motors' Private War on Coal

December 28, 2015
Several years ago, General Motors made a deal to turn Detroit municipal waste into steam, which helped to power one of its local plants in 2014. But that's just one facet of GM's...

Frackers in Permian Basin Upset Saudi Dominance

August 11, 2016
Once formidable, OPEC is taking a beating from US shale drillers two years after Saudi Arabia flooded the world with cheap crude trying to knock the upstarts out of the oil...

Budget-Cutting Pain Hits Oil Services

July 29, 2015
July 30, 2014 was just another budget-busting day to cash-strapped oil importers like Jordan and India as they bought oil on the global market. But in hindshight, it was the last...

The Global Coal Death-Spiral Picks Up Speed

March 30, 2016
Last year the world began to decisively shift away from using coal to produce electricity. This reached a symbolic climax last week when Scotland shut down its last coal-fired...

Advances in Asset Health Monitoring and Predictive Analytics

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, April 11, 2016 - 4:00pm-4:30pm
Big data is a hot topic in many commercial and industrial applications, and it also applies to the operation of refineries and petrochemical plants...

Monetizing US Natural Gas

Conference Presentation
Southwest Process Technology Conference
Friday, October 10, 2014 - 1:00pm-1:30pm
Over the last several years Bechtel has experienced a dramatic increase in project opportunities that will convert low-cost, abundant North American...

The Past, Present and Future of LNG

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Wednesday, April 2, 2014 - 12:00pm-12:30pm
In one decade, the gas prospects in North America have gone from dire to exceptional. In 2004, we were scrambling to build import capacity for gas as...

Composite Fuels Production for Combustion

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Wednesday, May 1, 2013 - 2:00pm-2:30pm
ABSTRACT Goal of the Project The primary goal of the project is the creation of composite fuels for combustion processes containing biomass, coal,...

QRA Method for Liquified Natural Gas (LNG) Filling Stations

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Wednesday, May 1, 2013 - 10:15am-10:45am
Summary This paper describes a method to calculate risks generated by liquefied natural gas (LNG) filling stations for road trucks. An increasing...

Hydrogen Generation From Residuum

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Wednesday, May 1, 2013 - 8:30am-9:00am
Refineries in the U.S. are processing increasingly heavy sour crudes that contain metals, sulfur, and high molecular weight aromatic hydrocarbons...

World Scale Boil-off Gas Reliquefaction

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, April 30, 2013 - 2:00pm-2:30pm
Boil-off gas reliquefaction has become an industry standard for many LNG carriers, which no longer use gas as fuel for steam boilers, but tap others...

Condensate Stabilization: How to Get the Most for Your Money

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, April 30, 2013 - 2:00pm-2:30pm
Condensate stabilization is one of the common process units in the gas processing world. The principle considerations affecting the performance of...

Constructability Issues for FLNG

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, April 30, 2013 - 10:45am-11:15am
Constructability issues shall be reviewed and incorporated in the Project Development Plan and Design of the FLNG. This paper addresses important...

LNG FSRU and FPSO Pump Considerations for Ship Motion

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, April 30, 2013 - 9:00am-9:30am
LNG marine pumps installed in FSRU and FPSO applications are exposed to three degrees of ship movement as a result of wave motion. There is concern...

From Zero to World No.1 LNG Exporter in Less Than 10 years, Qatar

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, April 29, 2013 - 3:30pm-4:00pm
Qatar is a member of the OPEC and is a significant oil producer, but the Qatari government has devoted much more efforts to the development of...

Removal of Heavy Hydrocarbons from Lean Natural Gas

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, April 29, 2013 - 2:30pm-3:00pm
Removal of heavy hydrocarbons, such as C 6 + from natural gas is essential prior to cryogenic liquefaction in order to prevent freeze-out of these...

Work Output of Multicomponent LNG Mixtures in Two-Phase Expanders

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, April 3, 2012 - 12:00am
A two-phase expander recovers more work from a multicomponent LNG mixture than a single phase expander. The calculation of the recoverable work...

Critical FLNG Project Enablers: Identified Risks and Mitigation

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 15, 2011 - 8:00pm
Energy demand in the next two decades is expected to increase by 50 percent or more driven by the engine of economic growth. In parallel, the global...

LNG Tank Top Fires

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 15, 2011 - 8:00pm
The regulatory requirements of 49 CFR 193, Liquefied Natural Gas Facilities: Federal Safety Standards, require thorough engineering reviews before...

Operational Inputs Into the Mechanical Integrity Program

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 15, 2011 - 8:00pm
A predictive mechanical integrity (MI) program is based on the following: * Damage mechanisms that affect process equipment. * Rate at which...

Process Automation During Refinery Unit Transitions

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 15, 2011 - 8:00pm
Process Automation ideas and technologies have been used sporadically for decades. However, in US refineries, automation technologies are still...

Mitigation of Preheat Fouling by Eliminating the Cause

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 15, 2011 - 8:00pm
Today, there is no excuse for not getting five years or more on the run length of refinery preheat exchangers without the need for cleaning. Among...

Advanced Hydrogen Management : More Than a Balancing Act

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 15, 2011 - 8:00pm
Modern high complexity refining landscape involves increasing proportion of “opportunity crude” processing and widened bottom-of-the-barrel...

The Impacts of Tight Gas and Shale to Global LNG Market and Gas

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 14, 2011 - 8:00pm
“Do we have enough gas?” This question asked by former Federal Reserve Chairman Alan Greenspan in 2003 had prompted him to declare that the US did...
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