Effect of Pressure and Heating Rate On Biomass Devolatilization and Gasification

International Congress on Energy 2011
2011 AIChE Annual Meeting
AIChE Annual Meeting
October 17, 2011 - 8:00pm

The goal of present study is to characterize the effect of pressure and heating rate on the devolatilization behavior of different biomass species. Three biomass species (southern Pine, corn stover, and switchgrass) were studied. A combination of two complementary gasification devices are utilized in this study: (i) pressurized entrained flow reactor (PEFR) provides high heating rates (≥ 103oC/sec) and short residence times (1-20 sec), and (ii) pressurized thermo-gravimetric analyzer (PTGA) provides lower heating rates (0.1-1 oC/sec), but larger residence times (5-100 min). The pressurized thermogravimetric analyzer connected to a mass spectrometer and a Fourier-transform infrared analyzer provides information on the evolution of gaseous species during pyrolysis.

The char yield appeared to increase with an increase in pyrolysis pressure. The yields of the lighter gas components (CO, CO2, H2, CH4, H2O) increased as the pressure was increased. The increase in the amount of char and lighter gases was accompanied by a decrease in the formation of tar species. This was supported by an observed decrease in furan and furfural and higher hydrocarbon fragments with increasing pressure. There were clear differences in the evolution of gaseous species between the woody and herbaceous and agricultural residue feedstocks. The evolution of char morphology is strongly influenced by pyrolysis pressure and heating rates. The results suggest a complex role of pyrolysis conditions and biomass ash content on the char reactivity.

Professional Development Hours
0.5 PDHs
You will be able to download and print a certificate for these PDH credits once the content has been viewed. If you have already viewed this content, please click here to login.
Presenter(s): 

Would you like to access this content?

No problem. You just have to complete the following steps.

You have completed 0 of 2 steps.

  1. Log in

    You must be logged in to view this content. Log in now.

  2. Purchase Technical Presentation

    You must purchase this technical presentation using one of the options below.
    If you already purchased this content recently, please click here to refresh the system's record of ownerships.

Pricing

Credits 0.5 Use credits
List Price $25.00 Buy now
AIChE Members $15.00 Buy now
AIChE Undergraduate Student Members Free Free access
AIChE Graduate Student Members $15.00 Buy now