Process Safety

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Process Safety Boot Camp

Instructor-led (classroom) Course
CCPS
This intensive 4-day course is also offered periodically throughout the year to the broader chemical engineering public. Taught jointly by process...

Center for Chemical Process Safety (CCPS)

CCPS was established in 1985 to focus on engineering and management practices that can prevent and mitigate catastrophic accidents involving release of hazardous materials. CCPS is supported by sponsors in the chemical and hydrocarbon process industries and active worldwide via conferences, books, databases, education, research, and more.

Design an Inherently Safer Plant

January
2012
Special Section
Kristin D. Norton, P.E., Senem Surmeli, Steven T. Maher, P.E.
Continue to search for ways to build safety into your process — from conceptual through detailed design, to procurement and construction, and even into operation.

Make Your Existing Plant Inherently Safer

January
2012
Special Section
Jack Chosnek, Victor H. Edwards, P.E.
Don't overlook opportunities to build more safety into a process that is already in operation.

Handle Corrosive Acids and Caustics Safely

September
2012
Safety
Richard W. Prugh, P.E., CSP
Understand the corrosivity hazards of acids and caustics, and follow these guidelines to manage those hazards through inherently safer design, engineering and administrative controls, and personal protective equipment.

Navigating NFPA Codes and Standards

May
2012
Safety
Jeremy Lebowitz
Follow the recommendations and how-to Guidance provided by the National Fire Protection Association to safeguard against fires and explosions.

CEP: Process Safety Beacon - What Can I do? I’m Just the Operator.

September
2012
Process Safety Beacon
A frequent comment from workers is, “What can I do to improve the safety of our processes? I am just the operator (or technician, mechanic, etc.). I just turn valves, operate the equipment, take samples, turn wrenches, adjust the equipment.” It is...

Guidelines for Auditing Process Safety Management Systems, 2nd Edition

February, 2011
This book discusses the fundamental skills, techniques, and tools of auditing, and the characteristics of a good process safety management system. A variety of approaches are given so the reader can select the best methodology for a given audit. This book updates the original CCPS Auditing...

The Design and Evaluation of Physical Protection Systems

January, 2001
Guides the reader through the entire process of security system design and integration, illustrating how the various physical and electronic elements work together to form a comprehensive system. A great resource both for the security professional and student alike, the book is arranged in three...

Process Safety: How are you Doing?

May
2008
Safety
Scott Berger, Tim Overton and Scott Berger
Use these metrics to benchmark your company's process safety performance, and to set a course toward continual improvement.

Is Your Dust Collection System An Explosion Hazard?

October
2003
Safety
Vahid Ebadat
The prevalence of dust explosions in dust collection units may be due to the fact that the hazards posed by the powders handled are not fully understood or that explosion preventive and protective control measures are insufficient or absent. This...

Managing Dust Explosion Hazards

August
2009
Safety
Vahid Ebadat
Companies that handle powders or other particulate solids need to be aware of the potential for fire and explosions, and follow industry best practices, codes and standards to manage the risk.

Select the Best Model for Two-Phase Relief Sizing

May
2001
Safety
Ron Darby, Paul R. Meiller, & Jarad R. Stockton , Ronald Darby
A variety of methods exist for sizing valves, but not all give the best predictions for certain conditions. RonDarby-PaulR.Meiller-JaradR.Stockton-

Avoid Chemical Reactivity Incidents in Warehouses

February
2008
Safety
J. Wayne Chastain, William W. Doerr, Scott Berger and Peter N. Lodal, Peter Lodal, Scott Berger
Use this approach for the initial evaluation of potential reactivity hazards in storage applications.

CEP: Process Safety Beacon - Hot Work Hazards

August
2012
Process Safety Beacon
A contract welder and a foreman were repairing an agitator support on top of an atmospheric-pressure storage tank. The tank contained a polyvinyl fluoride slurry with a flammable concentration if vinyl fluoride in the vapor space. An explosion...

Conduct an Effective Incident Investigation

September
2004
Safety
Frederick T. Dyke
Information that can reveal the root cause of an incident resides in many places — within the plant or process unit, in control rooms and offices, and even in witnesses’ minds. Here’s how to find the data and conduct effective witness interviews.

Reduce Thermal Risk in Industrial Synthesis

October
2001
Safety
Richard C. Wedlich 
Knowing the safe operating conditions for a reaction allows us to select appropriate safety measures and thereby lower both the likelihood and the severity of a thermal runaway.

Properly Purge and Inert Storage Vessels

February
2001
Safety
George R. Kinsley Jr.
Inert gases are used to prevent fires and explosions in the vapor spaces of equipment. Correct selection of oxygen concentration and inert gas flow rate are critical to ensuring safety.

Tackling the Human Challenges of Facility Security

February
2006
Safety
Bill Effron, Dennis A. Attwood
The increased complexity of security systems may come at the expense of the user. Thus, they must be designed to match their operators' capabilities and limitations.

Consider Natural Hazards in Process Safety Management

July
2008
Safety
Frank F. Liserio Jr.
Incorporating hurricanes, earthquakes and other forces of nature into an integrated process safety management (PSM) program can enable you to effectively identify these hazards and manage the risks.

Remember Hand Protection

January
2005
Safety
Laura Randall
Setting up a hand-protection program involves understanding the hazards, choosing the appropriate glove, training personnel on glove use, and ensuring that employees use their gloves properly.

What Pressure Relief Really Means

September
2010
Back To Basics
Brian D. Kelly
Poor design, inadequate maintenance, and improper operation can all lead to mechanical failure. The basic concepts of pressure relief, when understood and applied properly, can help prevent this failure

Designing Multiple-Diameter Relief Piping

July
2007
Safety
John Garvin
Most design methods consider a single pipe diameter. Here's how to evaluate multiple-diameter systems and to calculate conservative single-pipe representations.

Use Case Histories to Energize Your HAZOP

March
2001
Safety
Glenn  Mahnken
Reviewing incident reports at a HAZOP meeting is more than just a lessons learned activity. It can spur sharper thinking and lead to a more telling analysis of your processes.

Designing Resilient Engineered Systems

April
2006
Safety
Susan M. Mitchell
By viewing resiliency as a property of complex systems, it may be possible to develop resilient systems that can withstand unanticipated failures without disastrous consequences.

Reduce VOC and HAP Emissions

June
2002
Environmental Management
Edward C. Moretti 
Follow this roadmap to understand the abatement technologies available for controlling emissions of volaitle organic compounds and hazardous air pollutants and the criteria for choosing among them.

Choose the Right Chemical-Resistant Glove

January
2005
Safety
Julie Copeland
Many gloves offer protection from chemicals. This article will help you understand what type of glove can provide the best protection for your application.

Avoid Natural Gas Piping Hazards

January
2011
Safety
John R. Puskar, P.E.
Repairing natural gas piping is inherently dangerous. Follow these safety protocols to avoid potentially catastrophic results from improper installation and repair of natural gas lines.

Process Safety Beacon - Emergency Preparation - The Titanic Disaster

July
2012
Process Safety Beacon
More than 1,500 people died in the most famous maritime disaster in history. Thousands of pages have been written about the loss of the Titanic, and many documentary and fictional movies produced. Many focus on the construction of the ship and the actions of its captain and crew. Whatever the construction and operating issues, attention to one particular issue could have saved many lives — emergency preparation.

Expanded Metal Networks: A Safety Net to Thwart Gas Explosions

December
2001
Safety
Hans K. Fauske, Robert E. Henry
Using active deflagration suppression is the usual way to prevent or mitigate gas explosions. However, this is not always practical. A passive method is now available - inserting a metal foil into the vessel to absorb the heat of reaction and...

Don't Let History Repeat Itself

August
2007
Safety
John F. Murphy, P.E.
Heed these lessons learned from investigations conducted by the Chemical Safety and Hazard Investigation Board to prevent accidents at your site.

Managing Transportation Safety and Security Risks

October
2009
Safety
Brad A. Fuller
Effective transportation risk management (TRM) balances safety and security with operational efficiency. When developing a TRM program, use this comprehensive framework and these practical techniques to identify and screen risks.

Screening Reactive Chemical Hazards

May
2006
Safety
Yen-Shan Liu
Use these tools to identify potentially reactive chemical hazards and avoid the expense of conducting numerous detailed hazard assessments.

Simplify Reliability Analysis of Chemical Processes

July
2002
Safety
Farshad Nourai
Originally developed for discrete manufacturing, this method can be applied to process units to detect which components may fail, and correct the situation before trouble happens.

Addressing Combustible Dust Hazards

May
2011
Back To Basics
Judy Perry, Michelle Murphy, Molly R. Myers
Facilities that handle or generate dusts are at risk for explosions and flash fires. Follow this approach to understand and mitigate your combustible dust hazards.

CEP: YPOV - Engineering Cyber Security

July
2012
YPOV
Arjun Gopalratnam
Between March and April 2010, a powerful but seemingly limited computer worm, now referred to as Stuxnet, infected computers around the world, beginning in Iran and spreading to Indonesia and India. A recently published book uncovers findings on the origin of the worm and raises concerns that are relevant to chemical engineers everywhere.

Understanding Reactive Chemical Incidents

March
2004
Safety
John F.  Murphy
In order to avoid incidents involving reactive chemical hazards, it is useful to understand the types of chemicals and types of equipment involved, as well as the root causes of the incidents.

Should Your Organization Fly Warning Flags?

December
2009
Safety
Ian Sutton
In the safety culture of some companies, the first recognition of trouble may be a sudden and massive failure. Learn how to decipher the warning signals to avoid safety incidents. <BR><BR>
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