Process Safety

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Process Safety Boot Camp

Offered in North America, this intensive and highly interactive 4-day course trains chemical engineers in the fundamentals of Process Safety. Taught...

Center for Chemical Process Safety (CCPS)

CCPS was established in 1985 to focus on engineering and management practices that can prevent and mitigate catastrophic accidents involving release of hazardous materials. CCPS is supported by sponsors in the chemical and hydrocarbon process industries and active worldwide via conferences, books, databases, education, research, and more.

Refinery Power Outages-Caues, Costs & Solutions

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, April 28, 2015 - 4:30pm-5:00pm
Unplanned refinery shutdowns hit company earnings two ways: lost production and potential liabilities for excess flaring and unsafe operations. In...

Hazardous Material Transportation Perceived Risks & Risk Management

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, April 28, 2015 - 4:30pm-5:00pm
Overview of presentation: •Transportation Supply Chain & Network •Expansion of the System •Perceived Risks •Accident Rates •Transportation Risk...

Surviving an OSHA PSM National Emphasis Program Audit

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, April 28, 2015 - 4:30pm-5:00pm
The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) instituted a “National Emphasis Program” to conduct both targeted and random inspections of...

Cracking Furnace Line Flushing Pre-Commissioning

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, April 28, 2015 - 4:00pm-4:15pm
The abundance of low cost shale gas has led to numerous projects in North America to expand existing or construct new ethylene production units. Most...

Mercury Removal in Ethylene Plants: An Update and a Case Study

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, April 28, 2015 - 4:00pm-5:00pm
Ethylene producers have faced the challenge of feedstock contaminants for decades. Mercury is one of the contaminants often present in ethylene plant...

Case Study on SMALL-Scale LNG Facility Expansion

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, April 28, 2015 - 3:30pm-4:00pm
With the influx of natural gas production throughout the United States, the small-scale LNG market is growing at a rapid pace. One option to take...

Human Factors Considerations: Midstream Process Safety Integration

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, April 28, 2015 - 3:30pm-4:00pm
Midstream oil and gas companies are coming into their own. For example, according to Deloitte (2014), “Midstream energy companies’ share of overall...

Consequence Modeling of Dynamic Source Terms

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, April 28, 2015 - 10:45am-11:15am
While several dispersion modeling tools provide modeling tools for static situations, it is challenging to model conditions when there are several...

Robotic Convection Bank Cleaning

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, April 28, 2015 - 2:45pm-3:15pm
Ethylene cracking heaters like other box fired heaters in the refining and petrochemical industry represent a significant investment in a plant...

Huaa...When Local Learning and Casual Sharing Is Not Enough

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, April 28, 2015 - 2:30pm-3:00pm
As a consequence of the Deepwater Horizon blowout and explosion, Bhopal and Piper Alpha, we have the PSM standard and SEMS rule. This helps ensure...

Developing Credible Scenarios for a PHA

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, April 28, 2015 - 2:30pm-3:00pm
OSHA’s Compliance Guidelines and Recommendations for the PSM Standard states “A PHA is an organized and systematic effort to identify and analyze the...

A Modern Well HAZOP Approach

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, April 28, 2015 - 2:00pm-2:30pm
Although hazard identification and risk assessment are regarded as key factors in present Gulf of Mexico regulatory environment, practical...

Ten Commandments of Risk Based Process Safety

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, April 28, 2015 - 2:00pm-2:30pm
TEN COMMANDMENTS OF PROCESS SAFETY Thou shall honor thy container Thou shall always maintain a sense of vulnerability Thou shall eliminate...

Dow Learnings & Actions from the Deepwater Horizon Accident

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, April 28, 2015 - 1:30pm-2:00pm
Dow Learnings & Actions from the Deepwater Horizon Accident The Deepwater Horizon drilling rig explosion on April 20, 2010, killed 11 workers,...

Toxicity-Hazard Index and the "Infinite Point"

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, April 28, 2015 - 11:15am-11:45am
TOXICITY-HAZARD INDEX AND THE “INFINITE POINT” Richard W. Prugh, Principal Process Safety Engineer Chilworth Technology, Inc., a Dekra Company 113...

Active Versus Passive Fire Protection - Getting the Balance Right

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, April 28, 2015 - 11:00am-11:15am
A key question often asked when trying to evaluate the effectiveness of a fire protection system is how to strike a balance between active and fire...

Effect of Body Bowl Choking on Pressure Relief Valve Stability

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, April 28, 2015 - 10:45am-11:15am
It is known that the velocity at the outlet flange of conventional PRV (Pressure Relief Valve) reaches the sonic velocity in case of larger size of...

Changing Demographics: Preserving Safety and Increasing Performance

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, April 28, 2015 - 10:45am-11:15am
While process plants under development hold promise for innovative technology, movement from analogue to digital control rooms, and the latest in...

1987 Celanese Pampa Butane Vapor Cloud Explosion

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, April 28, 2015 - 10:45am-11:15am
On Saturday November 14, 1987, the presenter personally witnessed a catastrophic vapor cloud explosion at the Celanese Chemicals facility in Pampa,...

Modelling Liquid Fuel Cascades with Open Foam

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, April 28, 2015 - 10:15am-10:45am
Modelling Liquid Fuel Cascades with OpenFoam M. Macchi1, J.X. Wen2*, K. Volkov1 and Y. Chung2 1Centre for Fire and Explosion Studies, Kingston...

How Does "Deviation" Become "Normal"?

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, April 28, 2015 - 10:15am-10:45am
How does "deviation" become "normal"? How does deviation from established safe practices become institutionalized within an organization? Conducting...

Steam Control in Elevated Steam Assisted Flares

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, April 28, 2015 - 10:00am-10:30am
Steam assisted flares are commonly used in the petrochemical industry. Over-steaming of these flares can be a cause of incomplete combustion. But,...

Auditing Relief Systems Design Basis - Best Practices

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, April 28, 2015 - 9:00am-9:30am
Auditing Relief Systems Design Basis - Best Practices Ever since OSHA implemented their National Emphasis Program in 2007, facility’s pressure relief...

Ignorance Is No Defense...Audit Management Best Practices

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, April 28, 2015 - 9:00am-9:30am
What gets measured gets done. Whether it's for process safety management risk management ISO, OHSAS or equivalent, the audit element is essential to...

Industrial Partnerships and PSM Standards in Canada

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, April 28, 2015 - 8:30am-9:00am
The story of process safety management (PSM) in Canada is quite different than in other countries. The practices and guidelines have evolved through...

Process Safety Auditing: Thinking Beyond Compliance

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, April 28, 2015 - 8:30am-9:00am
The PSM rule requires a ‘compliance audit’ at least every three years. This description implies that the purpose of the audit is to ensure that legal...

Safety Management of Petrochemical Tank Farms

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, April 28, 2015 - 8:00am-8:30am
The storage tank zone of petrochemical enterprises is an important site to store liquid raw materials, intermediate products and target products...

We Learn and Share but We Don't Get Better! Time for Huaa

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, April 28, 2015 - 8:00am-8:30am
Any organisation can improve by leveraging its knowledge and lessons learned. These learnings or knowledge can be external or, in a global enterprise...

Alarm Management Gap Analysis and Improvement at NOVA Chemicals

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, April 28, 2015 - 8:00am-8:30am
Alarm Management Gap Analysis and Improvement at NOVA Chemicals Doug Lutz , Principal Process Automation Engineer, NOVA Chemicals Corp., Joffre,...

Non-Conventional Methods of Obtaining Combustible Liquid Fuels

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, April 27, 2015 - 4:45pm-5:15pm
Introduction Limited world reserves of liquid fuel as well as the general trend to reduce atmospheric contamination pose many challenges for...

Experimental Study on Propane Jet Fire Hazards: Thermal Radiation

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, April 27, 2015 - 4:30pm-5:00pm
Jet fires is a of the major hazards in the oil and gas industry, and half of the reported jet fires caused domino effect to enlarge the incident. The...

LOPA - More Observations from the Originators

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, April 27, 2015 - 4:30pm-5:00pm
Layer of protection analysis (LOPA) has been around for 20 years, and in general use for 15 years, with the LOPA textbook from CCPS/AIChE being...

Evolution of Relief Sizing at an Operating Company

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, April 27, 2015 - 4:30pm-5:00pm
Codes, Standards, and Recognized and Generally Accepted Good Engineering Practices regarding the engineering design of pressure relief systems have...

Incidentes Ocurridos En La Industria Del Gnl

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, April 27, 2015 - 4:30pm-5:00pm
En este documento se hace una recopilación de los incidentes más importantes ocurridos a lo largo de la historia de la industria de GNL, mediante la...

Risk Assessment for a Gas and Liquid Hydrogen Fueling Station

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, April 27, 2015 - 4:30pm-5:00pm
Fuel cell vehicles (FCVs) have been developed for years to cut dependence on fossil fuel and significantly reduce carbon dioxide emissions toward a...

Demonstrating Separation and Independence of Automated Systems

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, April 27, 2015 - 4:00pm-4:30pm
Layers of Protection Analysis (LOPA) exposes the role that automation plays in causing initiating events and in responding to the resulting abnormal...

Impacts of Process Safety Time on Layer of Protection Analysis

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, April 27, 2015 - 3:30pm-4:00pm
The ability of an Independent Protection Layer (IPL) to achieve a given level of risk reduction is dependent upon its fulfillment of several core...

Mitigation Effect of High Expansion Foam on LNG Vapor Hazard

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, April 27, 2015 - 2:30pm-3:00pm
The growing production and consumption of natural gas due to the advancement of technology, e.g., hydraulic fracturing, has accelerated the inter-...

Overfilling Protection for Weak Tanks

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, April 27, 2015 - 2:30pm-3:00pm
Low pressure tanks, designed to API-650 & API-620 code of construction may be subject to the overfilling scenario. Existing codes such as API-...

The Four Pillars of Industrial Energy Efficiency

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, April 27, 2015 - 2:30pm-3:00pm
Opportunities to improve plant performance and thus enhance energy efficiency across the CPI fall into four main categories: operational improvements...
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