Process Safety Technical Areas
More than five years ago, Congress enacted the most robust and comprehensive chemical security regulatory program to date. The regulation — the Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards (CFATS) — protects facilities against attack without impairing...
The best defense against deliberate acts, such as terrorism, sabotage, vandalism or theft, is the application of inherent security principles to facility design and operation.
Angela E. Summers
Use this step-by-step procedure to apply safety instrumented systems (SISs) and continuously reduce risk.
Susan M. Mitchell
By viewing resiliency as a property of complex systems, it may be possible to develop resilient systems that can withstand unanticipated failures without disastrous consequences.
John F. Murphy
In order to avoid incidents involving reactive chemical hazards, it is useful to understand the types of chemicals and types of equipment involved, as well as the root causes of the incidents.
Judy A. Perry
Use this checklist-based technique of process-hazard analysis (PHA) to identify and assess potential dust hazards and to evaluate safeguards that can mitigate risks.
Issue Date: March 2008
Experts agree that greater vigilance is needed to snuff out the ever-present risk at facilities handling powdered materials.
Use these tools to identify potentially reactive chemical hazards and avoid the expense of conducting numerous detailed hazard assessments.
M. Sam Mannan, Sanjeev R. Saraf, William J. Rogers
This simple classification scheme can be used to characterize the thermal instability risks posed by reactive chemicals in a process.
Edward C. Moretti
Follow this roadmap to understand the abatement technologies available for controlling emissions of volaitle organic compounds and hazardous air pollutants and the criteria for choosing among them.
Gael D. Ulrich, Palligarnai T. Vasudevan
This article will help you develop strong safety instincts that will guide you in making critical decisions in the preliminary design phase.
Between March and April 2010, a powerful but seemingly limited computer worm, now referred to as Stuxnet, infected computers around the world, beginning in Iran and spreading to Indonesia and India. A recently published book uncovers ﬁndings on the origin of the worm and raises concerns that are relevant to chemical engineers everywhere.
J. Patrick Williams
This article offers a detailed reliability-based methodology for determining the safety integrity level of instrumented systems by providing overpressure protection where arrangements of multiple pressure-relief valves are impractical to implement.
Brad A. Fuller
Effective transportation risk management (TRM) balances safety and security with operational efficiency. When developing a TRM program, use this comprehensive framework and these practical techniques to identify and screen risks.
Piping and equipment must withstand fires without rupturing. This can be accomplished by properly designing relief and depressurization systems and using passive fire protection,when needed.
James C. Mulligan
If certain chemicals lack physical hazards data, suppliers must be proactive to keep workers safe. Here’s how to determine dust flammability and reactivity data for inclusion on MSDSs.
Debate over the Chemical Facility Anti-Terrorism Standards continues to revolve around whether manufacturers and processors will be required to incorporate inherently safer technology into their security plans.
Implement these procedures to consider human factors, not simply human error, in control-room architecture and reduce the chance for incidents in the plant.
Peter Howell , Georges Melhem
This guidance applies to reactive systems subject to fire-induced runaway reactions, tanks that store reactive materials, and two-phase flow of reactive materials.
Brian D. Kelly
Poor design, inadequate maintenance, and improper operation can all lead to mechanical failure. The basic concepts of pressure relief, when understood and applied properly, can help prevent this failure
Cynthia F. Mascone
While chemical companies work toward complying with existing standards, legislators are poised to revise those very rules — with changes ranging from minor tweaking to major overhaul on the table.
Dennis A. Attwood, Bill Effron
The increased complexity of security systems may come at the expense of the user. Thus, they must be designed to match their operators' capabilities and limitations.
Michelle Murphy, Molly R. Myers, Judy Perry
Facilities that handle or generate dusts are at risk for explosions and flash fires. Follow this approach to understand and mitigate your combustible dust hazards.
Guidelines for the Management of Change for Process Safety provides guidance on the implementation of effective and efficient Management of Change (MOC) procedures, which can be applied to improve process safety. In addition to introducing MOC systems, the book describes how to design an initial...
Process vent header collection systems are subject to continually varying compositions and flow rates and thus present significant challenges for safe design. Due to increasingly demanding safety, health, environmental, and property protection requirements, today's industrial designers are faced...
Over 40 papers and posters that share the latest practices in emergency planning related to fixed chemical, pharmaceutical, LNG, and petroleum facilities, storage facilities, transportation, and security.
This new initiative demonstrates a process and tools for managing the security vulnerability of sites that produce and handle chemicals, petroleum products, pharmaceuticals, and related materials such as fertilizers and water treatment chemicals. Includes: enterprise screening; site screening;...
This book documents CCPS's Aerosol Research Program to develop a model to predict liquid rainout from release of a pressurized, liquefied gas--and, hence the residual amount of material in a vapor cloud, which may be greater than the amount calculated from an enthalpy chart. RELEASE predicts the...
Ronald J. Willey
A safety data sheet holds a wealth of information that can help you safely and effectively handle chemicals in the lab, at the pilot scale, and on the production floor.
Dow Chemical developed the Chemical Exposure Index to help its engineers design and operate safer facilities. This seminal guide to rating the relative acute health hazard potential of a chemical release to workers and the neighboring community is available to the chemical process community. The...
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