Elements of Process Safety
The four pillars and the twenty elements of risk based process safety can be designed and implemented at varying levels of rigor to optimize process safety management, performance, efficiency, and effectiveness.
Richard P. Palluzi
Safety standards can significantly improve pilot plant safety and increase efficiency. This article addresses many of the issues involved in developing, deploying and using such standards.
Walter L. Frank
Changes to OSHA's PSM rule and EPA's RMP programs are underway, due to pressures from various groups and the need for greater security.
David K. Whittle, Kevin Smith
Process hazard analyses must be revamped — or redone from scratch — every five years by law. Following the guidance given here will facilitate this effort.
Heather Forgione, Henry Ozog
The Occupational Safety and Health Administration evaluates chemical facilities’ process safety management systems through a new national emphasis program. Follow these tips to reduce your risk of receiving citations, streamline the inspection process, and pave the way for future excellence.
The OSHA Process Safety Management National Emphasis Program will soon apply to the chemical industry, targeting compliance with safety standards associated with chemical hazards.
The December 2011 Beacon described an incident where a missing plug on a vent line resulted in a flammable material leak that caught fire, causing a fatality. That incident reminded us of the importance of caps and plugs on process vent lines and...
Bruce K. Vaughen, James A. Klein
Built on a solid foundation of leadership support and employee involvement, an operational discipline program can help to prevent serious incidents and injuries, and improve overall site safety and business performance.
Jack Chosnek, Victor H. Edwards, P.E.
Don't overlook opportunities to build more safety into a process that is already in operation.
This book discusses the fundamental skills, techniques, and tools of auditing, and the characteristics of a good process safety management system. A variety of approaches are given so the reader can select the best methodology for a given audit. This book updates the original CCPS Auditing...
Companies that handle powders or other particulate solids need to be aware of the potential for fire and explosions, and follow industry best practices, codes and standards to manage the risk.
A contract welder and a foreman were repairing an agitator support on top of an atmospheric-pressure storage tank. The tank contained a polyvinyl fluoride slurry with a flammable concentration if vinyl fluoride in the vapor space. An explosion...
Richard C. Wedlich
Knowing the safe operating conditions for a reaction allows us to select appropriate safety measures and thereby lower both the likelihood and the severity of a thermal runaway.
Think of process safety management (PSM) as a project deliverable, and follow these best practices for scheduling and performing process hazard analyses (PHAs) and completing other PSM requirements during key phases of a major project.
Thiago Tinoco Pires
Here’s how to construct and apply continuous-value and single-value network diagrams, which can better represent system failure mechanisms than other logic diagrams.
Faisal I. Khan
Posing various possible incidents - rather than just the worst-case one - illuminates those that are really important and those that are most likely to occur
In the safety culture of some companies, the first recognition of trouble may be a sudden and massive failure. Learn how to decipher the warning signals to avoid safety incidents. <BR><BR>
Gregory M. Hanggi
The key to low injury and incident rates is creating a work environment that encourages employees to always take action to resolve potential problems. Here's how to do that.
John F. Murphy, P.E.
Heed these lessons learned from investigations conducted by the Chemical Safety and Hazard Investigation Board to prevent accidents at your site.
Originally developed for discrete manufacturing, this method can be applied to process units to detect which components may fail, and correct the situation before trouble happens.
Reviewing incident reports at a HAZOP meeting is more than just a lessons learned activity. It can spur sharper thinking and lead to a more telling analysis of your processes.
Judy A. Perry
Use this checklist-based technique of process-hazard analysis (PHA) to identify and assess potential dust hazards and to evaluate safeguards that can mitigate risks.
Frederick T. Dyke
Information that can reveal the root cause of an incident resides in many places — within the plant or process unit, in control rooms and offices, and even in witnesses’ minds. Here’s how to find the data and conduct effective witness interviews.
Many CPI firms are looking at safety costs as investments, rather than expenses, and are reaping the wide-range benefits. Here's a roadmap of how best to accomplish this.
Michael J. Dolan
As chemical engineers and leaders in the chemical process industries, we must ensure that process safety is integral to every aspect of what we and our companies do.
V. Anthony Ciliberti
When information is organized and accessible, more people will use it and thus be better informed. Better information means better decisions, which results in safer facilities and more efficient operations.
Process safety metrics is a topic of frequent conversation within chemical industry associations. Guidelines for Process Safety Metrics provides basic information on process safety performance indicators, including a comprehensive list of metrics for measuring performance and examples as to how...