Elements of Process Safety

The four pillars and the twenty elements of risk based process safety can be designed and implemented at varying levels of rigor to optimize process safety management, performance, efficiency, and effectiveness.

Investigation of an Explosion in a Gasoline Purification Plant

Conference Presentation
Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 23, 2010 - 8:00pm
On May 24, 2007 an explosion and subsequent fire destroyed a tank farm located at a gasoline purification plant in Sløvåg, Norway. In addition to the...

OSHA Refinery and Chemical NEP Findings

Conference Presentation
Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 23, 2010 - 8:00pm
Since 2007, OSHA has initiated two major National Emphasis Programs (NEPs) in process safety. The Petroleum Refinery Process Safety Management NEP (...

Modification of Risk Using Barrier Methodology

Conference Presentation
Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 23, 2010 - 8:00pm
Risk assessments use frequency data mostly from generic sources, typically from the North Sea offshore environment or from process facility records...

Preparing for the Chemical NEP

Conference Presentation
Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 23, 2010 - 8:00pm
On July 27, 2009, OSHA issued a National Emphasis Program for the chemical industry (“the Chemical NEP”). Pursuant to the Chemical NEP, OSHA will...

Complying with OSHA's RNEP, CNEP, and VPP RAGAGEP

Conference Presentation
Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 23, 2010 - 8:00pm
The OSHA Refinery National Emphasis Program (NEP) and OSHA Voluntary Protection Program (VPP) PSM Supplement ask specific questions relative to many...

Objective Analysis of PSM Audit Data

Conference Presentation
Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 23, 2010 - 8:00pm
In developing systems for Process Safety Management, compliance audits are integral with verification that practices and procedures are developed and...

A Framework for Human Error Analysis of Emergency Situations

Conference Presentation
Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 23, 2010 - 8:00pm
Human factors play an important role in the escape, evacuation and rescue process. Human factors analysis is rooted in the concept that the frequency...

Elements of Human Factors Missing from Process Safety

Conference Presentation
Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 23, 2010 - 8:00pm
Process safety is about controlling risk of failures and errors; controlling risk is primarily about reducing the risk of human error. All elements...

Challenges in Hosting an NEP Inspection

Conference Presentation
Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 23, 2010 - 8:00pm
An NEP inspection can be very resource intensive; OSHA has received over well over 10,000 pages of documentation at one refinery during an NEP...

OSHA Chemical NEP Panel Discussion

Conference Presentation
Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 23, 2010 - 8:00pm
This presentation will provide additional time for the session speakers to discuss additional aspects of the OSHA Chemical National Emphasis Program...

Consequence Modeling of Chlorine Release

Conference Presentation
Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 22, 2010 - 8:00pm
This paper describes the Consequence Modeling of Chlorine release from a Chlor Alkali plant as a part of Process Hazard Analysis. The objective was...

Strategies & Tactics for Mechanical Integrity Budget Battles

Conference Presentation
Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 22, 2010 - 8:00pm
Effective mechanical integrity programs are essential to assure safe operation of plant facilities. The current economic downturn is difficult and...

How to Evaluate Process Safety Culture

Conference Presentation
Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 22, 2010 - 8:00pm
At first glance it may seem that organizational culture is subjective and therefore difficult to measure. Indeed, even the definition of culture...

Atmospheric Storage Tank Explosion Modeling

Conference Presentation
Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 22, 2010 - 8:00pm
Many flammable products are usually stored in large vessels at atmospheric pressure. Ignition of an hydrocarbon-air mixture in such tanks can lead to...

Process Safety Management in the Energy Sector

Conference Presentation
Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 22, 2010 - 8:00pm
This paper describes experience of application of the principles of process safety management within Centrica plc, an integrated energy company with...

Risk-Based Mechanical Integrity - Beyond Fixed Equipment

Conference Presentation
Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 22, 2010 - 8:00pm
This paper presents approaches to provide a safer operating plant by extending mechanical integrity to all process equipment using a risk-based...

Ensuring Consistency of Corporate Risk Criteria

Conference Presentation
Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 22, 2010 - 8:00pm
The recently published CCPS text Guidelines for Developing Quantitative Safety Risk Criteria makes a strong case for corporations developing risk...

Journey towards PSM Excellence

Conference Presentation
Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 22, 2010 - 8:00pm
This paper describes the experience, learning and major challenges in implementing Process Safety Management at Reliance Industries Limited (RIL)...

Modeling Small Releases from Tanks

Conference Presentation
Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 22, 2010 - 8:00pm
The methodologies in the chapter on “Dispersion Modeling” in the CCPS book Guidelines for Consequence Analysis of Chemical Releases, provide means...

Process Safety in the Face of Significant Change

Conference Presentation
Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 22, 2010 - 8:00pm
Development of an effective process safety culture requires employees to look beyond intended performance, to their own nonconscious assumptions...

Stability Analysis of Safety Valve

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 22, 2010 - 8:00pm
The stability for a safety valve was investigated by experiments and analysis. It was found that the dynamic instability was caused by the...

Is It Really an Independent Protection Layer?

Conference Presentation
Global Congress on Process Safety
Sunday, March 21, 2010 - 8:00pm
Layer of Protection Analysis (LOPA) is a simplified chemical process risk assessment tool that is used to determine if sufficient independent...

Lifecycle Physical Hazards of Polystyrene Foam Board

Conference Presentation
Global Congress on Process Safety
Sunday, March 21, 2010 - 8:00pm
Polymer Foam Boards have been widely used for individual home and general building, from roofs and/or walls down to foundation, for example. On the...

Consistent Consequence Severity Estimation

Conference Presentation
Global Congress on Process Safety
Sunday, March 21, 2010 - 8:00pm
LOPA, as a semi-quantitative analysis, often provides inconsistent results. This can be due to physical differences between units but often it is due...

LOPA and Human Reliability – Human Errors and Human IPLs

Conference Presentation
Global Congress on Process Safety
Sunday, March 21, 2010 - 8:00pm
Layer of Protection Analysis (LOPA) is a simplified risk assessment method that provides an order of magnitude estimate of the risk of a potential...

Assessing the Burning Rate of Solid Oxidizers

Conference Presentation
Global Congress on Process Safety
Sunday, March 21, 2010 - 8:00pm
A method for assigning solid oxidizers and products containing oxidizers to an NFPA Class was developed. The method consists of two reaction-to-fire...

Instrumented Protective Systems for Distillation Operations

Conference Presentation
Global Congress on Process Safety
Sunday, March 21, 2010 - 8:00pm
Distillation is one of the most common unit operations in the chemical processing industry. Using relative volatility as a means of separating...

LOPA – Going Down the Wrong Path

Conference Presentation
Global Congress on Process Safety
Sunday, March 21, 2010 - 8:00pm
Layer of Protection Analysis (LOPA) has quickly gained acceptance in the Chemical Processing Industries (CPI), and has risen to be one of the leading...

Training Management of Change Approvers

Conference Presentation
Global Congress on Process Safety
Sunday, March 21, 2010 - 8:00pm
Many companies have made great strides in change management systems since OSHA's Process Safety Management Standard 29 CFR 1910.119 was first...

HAZOP, LOPA, SIL: Be Careful What You Ask for!

Conference Presentation
Global Congress on Process Safety
Sunday, March 21, 2010 - 8:00pm
In recent years Process Safety Engineers have promoted the use of HAZOP to identify hazards and assess safeguards, followed by LOPA to identify if...

Managing Management of Change

Conference Presentation
Global Congress on Process Safety
Sunday, March 21, 2010 - 8:00pm
The Center for Chemical Process Safety (CCPS) has designated MOC as one of the areas where metrics need to be developed. One of the issues that CCPS...

Fire Study of Melting Fiberglass Using FLUENT CFD Software

Conference Presentation
Global Congress on Process Safety
Sunday, March 21, 2010 - 8:00pm
Thermal insulation is used in chemical plants primarily as a tool to prevent energy loss. However, if installed properly, an added benefit is that of...

Dust Explosions

Archived Webinar
Jun 24, 2009
Catastrophic dust explosions in 2003 and 2008 have placed an increased emphasis on the prevention and mitigation of dust explosions. In response to...

Explosion Prevention and Mitigation

Conference Presentation
Global Congress on Process Safety
Thursday, April 30, 2009 - 4:00am
The analysis, prevention, protection and mitigation of fire, explosion, and reactivity hazards continue to be important to the loss prevention...
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