Elements of Process Safety

The four pillars and the twenty elements of risk based process safety can be designed and implemented at varying levels of rigor to optimize process safety management, performance, efficiency, and effectiveness.

Conduct an Effective Incident Investigation

September
2004
Safety
Frederick T. Dyke
Information that can reveal the root cause of an incident resides in many places — within the plant or process unit, in control rooms and offices, and even in witnesses’ minds. Here’s how to find the data and conduct effective witness interviews.

Reduce Thermal Risk in Industrial Synthesis

October
2001
Safety
Richard C. Wedlich 
Knowing the safe operating conditions for a reaction allows us to select appropriate safety measures and thereby lower both the likelihood and the severity of a thermal runaway.

Controlling Risk During Major Capital Projects

April
2009
Safety
William Bridges
Think of process safety management (PSM) as a project deliverable, and follow these best practices for scheduling and performing process hazard analyses (PHAs) and completing other PSM requirements during key phases of a major project.

Objective Analysis of PSM Audit Data

Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 23, 2010
In developing systems for Process Safety Management, compliance audits are integral with verification that practices and procedures are developed and...

Modification of Risk Using Barrier Methodology

Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 23, 2010
Risk assessments use frequency data mostly from generic sources, typically from the North Sea offshore environment or from process facility records...

How to Evaluate Process Safety Culture

Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 22, 2010
At first glance it may seem that organizational culture is subjective and therefore difficult to measure. Indeed, even the definition of culture...

Atmospheric Storage Tank Explosion Modeling

Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 22, 2010
Many flammable products are usually stored in large vessels at atmospheric pressure. Ignition of an hydrocarbon-air mixture in such tanks can lead to...

Guidelines for Process Safety Metrics

October, 2009
Process safety metrics is a topic of frequent conversation within chemical industry associations. Guidelines for Process Safety Metrics provides basic information on process safety performance indicators, including a comprehensive list of metrics for measuring performance and examples as to how...

Guidelines for Hazard Evaluation Procedures, 3rd Edition

April, 2008
Guidelines for Hazard Evaluation Procedures, 3rd Edition keeps process engineers updated on the effective methodologies that process safety demands. Almost 200 pages of worked examples are included to facilitate understanding. References for further reading, along with charts and diagrams that...

Guidelines for the Management of Change for Process Safety

March, 2008
Guidelines for the Management of Change for Process Safety provides guidance on the implementation of effective and efficient Management of Change (MOC) procedures, which can be applied to improve process safety. In addition to introducing MOC systems, the book describes how to design an initial...

Guidelines for Performing Effective Pre-Startup Safety Reviews

March, 2007
This book provides guidance to those with responsibility for scheduling and executing a Pre-Startup Safety Review (PSSR). It outlines a protocol and tool for use by project or turnaround teams, to effectively and efficiently schedule and execute a PSSR. Integrates PSSR throughout the project/...

Safe Design and Operation of Process Vents and Emission Control Systems

March, 2006
Process vent header collection systems are subject to continually varying compositions and flow rates and thus present significant challenges for safe design. Due to increasingly demanding safety, health, environmental, and property protection requirements, today's industrial designers are faced...

Guidelines for Chemical Process Quantitative Risk Analysis, 2nd Edition

October, 1999
Chemical process quantitative risk analysis (CPQRA) as applied to the CPI was first fully described in the first edition of this CCPS Guidelines book. This second edition is packed with information reflecting advances in this evolving methodology, and includes worked examples on a CD-ROM. CPQRA is...

RELEASE: A Model with Data to Predict Aerosol Rainout in Accidental Releases

March, 1998
This book documents CCPS's Aerosol Research Program to develop a model to predict liquid rainout from release of a pressurized, liquefied gas--and, hence the residual amount of material in a vapor cloud, which may be greater than the amount calculated from an enthalpy chart. RELEASE predicts the...

Dow's Fire & Explosion Index Hazard Classification Guide, 7th Edition

June, 1994
This popular safety best-seller is designed to help the user quantify the expected damage of potential fire and explosion incidents in realistic terms, identify the equipment likely to contribute to the creation or escalation of an incident, and communicate the fire and explosion risk potential to...

Decoding Safety Data Sheets

June
2012
Safety
Ronald J. Willey
A safety data sheet holds a wealth of information that can help you safely and effectively handle chemicals in the lab, at the pilot scale, and on the production floor.

Nitrogen — Hazard and Safeguard

June
2012
Process Safety Beacon
This Beacon is not focused on a single incident, but on incidents that continue to occur across industry — nitrogen asphyxiation.

Understanding Process Safety Management

August
2010
Back To Basics
Adrian L. Sepeda
A structured risk-based approach defines the pathways to successful implementation of process safety management objectives
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