Elements of Process Safety

The four pillars and the twenty elements of risk based process safety can be designed and implemented at varying levels of rigor to optimize process safety management, performance, efficiency, and effectiveness.

Methods for Precluding the Existence of a Dust-Explosion Hazard

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 14, 2011 - 8:00pm
The "generic" standard for preventing fires and explosions involving combustible dusts is the National Fire Protection Association publication NFPA...

Making Existing Process Plants Inherently Safer

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 14, 2011 - 8:00pm
Making process plants inherently safer has obvious advantages and is easiest to do when designing a new plant. Modification of existing plants to...

It's People, Stupid! Human Factors In Incident Investigation

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 14, 2011 - 8:00pm
People have inherent strengths and weaknesses which can affect their performance. Issues such as fatigue, emotional stress, and motivation can...

Incident Investigation- Addressing Common Oversights

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 14, 2011 - 8:00pm
Principles of incident investigation may be used in daily process troubleshooting and near miss events to identify root cause. Identifying and...

How to Develop Effective Safety Training? A Lifecycle Approach

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 14, 2011 - 8:00pm
Safety training is one of the most important tools for upgrading the safety level and for minimizing the likelihood and the consequences of accidents...

Implementation of PSM In Capital Projects

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 14, 2011 - 8:00pm
It is critical to embed Process Safety Management in the capital project system to help achieve a safe start-up. This is the foundation for assuring...

Process Safety Performance Tool

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Sunday, March 13, 2011 - 8:00pm
The process safety management in a petrochemical company is a key factor for sustainability, since intends to prevent or minimize the consequences of...

Using LOPA for Sil Assignment: A Tale of Two Plants

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Sunday, March 13, 2011 - 8:00pm
Two plants operated by the same company have ?identical? ammonium nitrate (AN) solution pump installations. Yet the LOPA teams concluded that the...

Kinetic Modeling of the Reactions Involved in the T2 Explosion

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Sunday, March 13, 2011 - 8:00pm
The runaway reaction at the chemical preparation facility called T2 laboratories in Jacksonville, Florida on December 19, 2007 is analyzed. The...

Human Performance Training

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Sunday, March 13, 2011 - 8:00pm
Operator competency has been a major challenge for the petrochemical and refining industry for decades. In recent times, human factors are believed...

Quantitative Models for Assessing MOC Performance

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Sunday, March 13, 2011 - 8:00pm
The safety community, bolstered by the PSM regulations, has emphasized the importance of proper management of change to ensure safe, reliable and...

Improvement of BLEVE Overpressure Method Using Historical Data

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Sunday, March 13, 2011 - 8:00pm
The current CCPS/TNO's BLEVE (Boiling Liquid Expanding Vapor Explosion) overpressure methodology is derived from that published by Baker in 1975...

The UK Experience In Managing Risks Arising From Human Error

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Sunday, March 13, 2011 - 8:00pm
Following the Piper Alpha incident in the North Sea, both offshore and onshore Oil and Gas operators in the UK were required under the COMAH (Control...

Management of Change (MOC) Auditing System

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Sunday, March 13, 2011 - 8:00pm
Our company has discovered that regular auditing of the MOC process is essential to enforcing its proper use. We have developed an audit that can be...

Objective Analysis of PSM Audit Data

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 23, 2010 - 8:00pm
In developing systems for Process Safety Management, compliance audits are integral with verification that practices and procedures are developed and...

A Framework for Human Error Analysis of Emergency Situations

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 23, 2010 - 8:00pm
Human factors play an important role in the escape, evacuation and rescue process. Human factors analysis is rooted in the concept that the frequency...

Elements of Human Factors Missing from Process Safety

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 23, 2010 - 8:00pm
Process safety is about controlling risk of failures and errors; controlling risk is primarily about reducing the risk of human error. All elements...

Challenges in Hosting an NEP Inspection

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 23, 2010 - 8:00pm
An NEP inspection can be very resource intensive; OSHA has received over well over 10,000 pages of documentation at one refinery during an NEP...

Evaluating Human Response to an Alarm for LOPA or Safety Studies

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 23, 2010 - 8:00pm
Many LOPA scenarios have an independent protection layer (IPL) credit for operator intervention to prevent or mitigate the scenario. It is often...

OSHA Chemical NEP Panel Discussion

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 23, 2010 - 8:00pm
This presentation will provide additional time for the session speakers to discuss additional aspects of the OSHA Chemical National Emphasis Program...

Investigation of an Explosion in a Gasoline Purification Plant

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 23, 2010 - 8:00pm
On May 24, 2007 an explosion and subsequent fire destroyed a tank farm located at a gasoline purification plant in Sløvåg, Norway. In addition to the...

Modification of Risk Using Barrier Methodology

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 23, 2010 - 8:00pm
Risk assessments use frequency data mostly from generic sources, typically from the North Sea offshore environment or from process facility records...

Condensation Induced Water Hammer: Principles and Consequences

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 23, 2010 - 8:00pm
An explosion occurred in the boiler room of a food processing plant as the steam generation system was coming online after a maintenance shutdown...

Preparing for the Chemical NEP

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 23, 2010 - 8:00pm
On July 27, 2009, OSHA issued a National Emphasis Program for the chemical industry (“the Chemical NEP”). Pursuant to the Chemical NEP, OSHA will...

Imperial Sugar Refinery Combustible Dust Explosion Investigation

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 23, 2010 - 8:00pm
On February 7, 2008, at about 7:15 p.m., a series of sugar dust explosions at the Imperial Sugar manufacturing facility in Port Wentworth, Georgia,...

Complying with OSHA's RNEP, CNEP, and VPP RAGAGEP

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, March 23, 2010 - 8:00pm
The OSHA Refinery National Emphasis Program (NEP) and OSHA Voluntary Protection Program (VPP) PSM Supplement ask specific questions relative to many...

Ensuring Consistency of Corporate Risk Criteria

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 22, 2010 - 8:00pm
The recently published CCPS text Guidelines for Developing Quantitative Safety Risk Criteria makes a strong case for corporations developing risk...

Journey towards PSM Excellence

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 22, 2010 - 8:00pm
This paper describes the experience, learning and major challenges in implementing Process Safety Management at Reliance Industries Limited (RIL)...

Stability Analysis of Safety Valve

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 22, 2010 - 8:00pm
The stability for a safety valve was investigated by experiments and analysis. It was found that the dynamic instability was caused by the...

Modeling Small Releases from Tanks

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 22, 2010 - 8:00pm
The methodologies in the chapter on “Dispersion Modeling” in the CCPS book Guidelines for Consequence Analysis of Chemical Releases, provide means...

Property Insurance Company Evaluation of Combustible Dust Hazards

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 22, 2010 - 8:00pm
This paper will discuss some of the key factors that FM Global insurance engineering representatives use in evaluating combustible dust hazards at...

Process Safety in the Face of Significant Change

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 22, 2010 - 8:00pm
Development of an effective process safety culture requires employees to look beyond intended performance, to their own nonconscious assumptions...

Consequence Modeling of Chlorine Release

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 22, 2010 - 8:00pm
This paper describes the Consequence Modeling of Chlorine release from a Chlor Alkali plant as a part of Process Hazard Analysis. The objective was...

Strategies & Tactics for Mechanical Integrity Budget Battles

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 22, 2010 - 8:00pm
Effective mechanical integrity programs are essential to assure safe operation of plant facilities. The current economic downturn is difficult and...

Risk-Based Mechanical Integrity - Beyond Fixed Equipment

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 22, 2010 - 8:00pm
This paper presents approaches to provide a safer operating plant by extending mechanical integrity to all process equipment using a risk-based...

Atmospheric Storage Tank Explosion Modeling

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 22, 2010 - 8:00pm
Many flammable products are usually stored in large vessels at atmospheric pressure. Ignition of an hydrocarbon-air mixture in such tanks can lead to...

Process Safety Management in the Energy Sector

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Monday, March 22, 2010 - 8:00pm
This paper describes experience of application of the principles of process safety management within Centrica plc, an integrated energy company with...

LOPA – Going Down the Wrong Path

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Sunday, March 21, 2010 - 8:00pm
Layer of Protection Analysis (LOPA) has quickly gained acceptance in the Chemical Processing Industries (CPI), and has risen to be one of the leading...

Training Management of Change Approvers

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Sunday, March 21, 2010 - 8:00pm
Many companies have made great strides in change management systems since OSHA's Process Safety Management Standard 29 CFR 1910.119 was first...

HAZOP, LOPA, SIL: Be Careful What You Ask for!

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Sunday, March 21, 2010 - 8:00pm
In recent years Process Safety Engineers have promoted the use of HAZOP to identify hazards and assess safeguards, followed by LOPA to identify if...

Managing Management of Change

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Sunday, March 21, 2010 - 8:00pm
The Center for Chemical Process Safety (CCPS) has designated MOC as one of the areas where metrics need to be developed. One of the issues that CCPS...

Chronic Pain Resulting from Your Relief Device Management Systems

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Sunday, March 21, 2010 - 8:00pm
With the increasing use of Layer of Protection Analysis as a semi-quantitative method of assessing process risk, LOPA practitioners are asked to...

Is It Really an Independent Protection Layer?

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Sunday, March 21, 2010 - 8:00pm
Layer of Protection Analysis (LOPA) is a simplified chemical process risk assessment tool that is used to determine if sufficient independent...

Lifecycle Physical Hazards of Polystyrene Foam Board

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Sunday, March 21, 2010 - 8:00pm
Polymer Foam Boards have been widely used for individual home and general building, from roofs and/or walls down to foundation, for example. On the...

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