Elements of Process Safety

The four pillars and the twenty elements of risk based process safety can be designed and implemented at varying levels of rigor to optimize process safety management, performance, efficiency, and effectiveness.

Societal Risk Criteria and Pipelines

Conference Presentation
Global Congress on Process Safety
Wednesday, April 4, 2012 - 12:00am
The discussion of societal risk criteria for the process industry began in the 1970's, led primarily by the Dutch and British governments. Most of...

Fatal Exposure: Tragedy At DuPont

Conference Presentation
Global Congress on Process Safety
Wednesday, April 4, 2012 - 12:00am
This investigation by the United States Chemical Safety and Hazard Investigation Board (CSB) provides unique lessons in process safety. Three...

Two Incompetent Workers; Too Close for Comfort ñ Part 1

Conference Presentation
Global Congress on Process Safety
Wednesday, April 4, 2012 - 12:00am
Learning from experience is one of the four pillars of Risk-Based Process Safety. Incidents that occur at one facility often provide opportunities to...

Flash Fire From a Hot Combustible Liquid

Conference Presentation
Global Congress on Process Safety
Wednesday, April 4, 2012 - 12:00am
A truck driver loading a tanker was fatally injured in a flash fire. The accident occurred at the loading rack of a petroleum refinery. The truck...

Design Challenges in Tankage Modernization

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Wednesday, April 4, 2012 - 12:00am
In order to comply with regulation requirements, a refinery needs to perform major revamps to produce different grades of Diesel, namely ULSD, Off-...

Turnaround Excellence - Key Success Factors

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Wednesday, April 4, 2012 - 12:00am
Turnaround Excellence is more than a state of being… it is a journey. Achieving and sustaining excellence is wholly dependent on a site approach of...

More LOPA Misapplied: Common Errors and How to Avoid Them

Conference Presentation
Global Congress on Process Safety
Wednesday, April 4, 2012 - 12:00am
Layer of Protection Analysis (LOPA) continues to be more and more widely utilized in the Petrochemical and other industries. LOPA is a “simplified”...

Beware of the Black Swan

Conference Presentation
Global Congress on Process Safety
Wednesday, April 4, 2012 - 12:00am
In 16 th century London, a statement that describes impossibility was referred to as a “black swan” because all historical records of swans up to...

Proven in Use (What's the Quality of Your Data)

Conference Presentation
Global Congress on Process Safety
Wednesday, April 4, 2012 - 12:00am
To perform LOPA's, fault tree analysis, SIL verifications and other quantitative likelihood analyses requires data. As much as everyone wants data,...

Modeling of Ground Flare Pits

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Wednesday, April 4, 2012 - 12:00am
New LNG liquefaction facilities have been configured to include large ground flares to allow for the safe combustion of large volumes of combustible...

Using LOPA to Establish SILs for Power Outage Protection

Conference Presentation
Global Congress on Process Safety
Wednesday, April 4, 2012 - 12:00am
Catastrophic incident root causes often may be correlated with power outages. An unanticipated power outage may be an initiating event that leads to...

Process safety status in China

Conference Presentation
Global Congress on Process Safety
Wednesday, April 4, 2012 - 12:00am
Process safety status in China

Opportunities and Challenges for Advanced Biofuel Industry

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, April 3, 2012 - 12:00am
Biofuels have been criticized for leading to rise in food costs. Advanced biofuels steer clear of this controversy as they are produced mostly from...

Process Safety - Management or Leadership?

Conference Presentation
Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, April 3, 2012 - 12:00am
Process Safety Management is often presented as technically complex, requiring a large staff of engineers and specialists with an array of tools and...

Eliminating Difficult Start Ups with State Based Controls

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, April 3, 2012 - 12:00am
Some processes are just difficult to start up. Every year, significant production is lost due to start up delays, product quality issues after...

Auto Refrigeration and Metal Embrittlement

Conference Presentation
Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, April 3, 2012 - 12:00am
Abstract AIChE Housten Conference April 1-4 2012 Loss Of Containment Protection Auto Refrigeration and Metal Embrittlement Tys Koerts Sr. Process...

Maintain Safety Excellence in Laboratory Test Facilities

Conference Presentation
Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, April 3, 2012 - 12:00am
Our laboratory contains calorimeters to characterize reactive chemical hazards and multiple different instruments to characterize both dust and gas/...

Gains From Getting near Misses Reported

Conference Presentation
Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, April 3, 2012 - 12:00am
[An earlier edition of this paper was first presented at the “International Conference and Workshop – Process Safety Incidents,” 2000, organized by...

Refinery-Wide Topics for Profitability, Reliability and Safety

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, April 3, 2012 - 12:00am
In this session we will review several case studies that will allow you to better understand the importance of process engineering and process safety...

Relief Design for Laboratories and Pilot Plants

Conference Presentation
Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, April 3, 2012 - 12:00am
Relief evaluation and system design for laboratories and pilot plants presents unique challenges to the relief designer. Relief devices designed for...

Critical Alarm Management : Connecting the Dots

Conference Presentation
Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, April 3, 2012 - 12:00am
In the aftermath of some high profile national security incidents, investigations starting with the catastrophe or near miss and working backwards...

Operational Group for Process Safety

Conference Presentation
Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, April 3, 2012 - 12:00am
With the increase in requirements for monitoring and improving process safety indicators on a thermoelectric unit linked to a Braskem Basic...

Practical Process Integration Retrofit Part 3. Path Analysis

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, April 3, 2012 - 12:00am
Practical Process Integration Retrofit Part 3. Path Analysis G.T.Polley The concept of transferring heat along paths was first suggested by Dhole [1...

Process Safety Regulations - Blessing or Curse?

Conference Presentation
Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, April 3, 2012 - 12:00am
Are Process Safety / Risk Management regulations a blessing or a curse? The answer of course is “it depends.” There is little doubt that Process...

The Benefits of a Risk-Based Approach to Facility Siting

Conference Presentation
Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, April 3, 2012 - 12:00am
Facility Siting has come under increasing scrutiny in recent years, and is an important aspect of process safety for plant personnel and their...

Go out and lead on Process Safety Management

Conference Presentation
Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, April 3, 2012 - 12:00am
This paper will share the UK's experience of risk control for major hazards and will emphasise the key role corporate governance and leadership plays...

Work Output of Multicomponent LNG Mixtures in Two-Phase Expanders

Conference Presentation
AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, April 3, 2012 - 12:00am
A two-phase expander recovers more work from a multicomponent LNG mixture than a single phase expander. The calculation of the recoverable work...

An Introduction to Assessing Process Hazards

Conference Presentation
Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, April 3, 2012 - 12:00am
A surprising number of process incidents occur due to a lack of general understanding of process hazards and lack of basic hazards assessment,...

Safety Management System Challenges for Small Companies

Conference Presentation
Global Congress on Process Safety
Tuesday, April 3, 2012 - 12:00am
Ester Brawley, Steve Maher “Unique Challenges Facing Small Companies Developing and Implementing PSM” Small Companies that are subject to PSM face...
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