Understand Hazard & Risk

The foundation of a risk-based approach which will allow an organization to use this information to allocate limited resources in the most effective manner.

Relief Systems Design: Simplifying Assumptions Gone Wrong

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Apr 2, 2014
The process of evaluating an entire facility’s relief and flare systems design can be extremely time consuming and costly. In most cases, simplifying...

Equations for Flammability Parameters, Pmax and KG

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Apr 2, 2014
The maximum pressure of gas combustion, P max , and the deflagration index, K G ,are very important flammability parameters that are used for risk...

Impact of DDT on FPSO Explosion Risk Assessment

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Apr 2, 2014
In recent explosion accidents on onshore petrochemical facilities, it has been concluded that a deflagration-to-detonation-transition (DDT) took...

Ethylene Decomposition: A Review

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Apr 2, 2014
Under conditions of high pressure and temperature, ethylene can decompose to methane and carbon. This highly exothermic reaction, once initiated, is...

Hurricane Ike Recovery - Electrical & Instrument Systems

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Apr 2, 2014
On September 13, 2008 Hurricane Ike struck the Texas-Louisiana Coast causing severe damage to local chemical plant facilities and communities. This...

Risk Adverse or Risk Ad Nauseam

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Apr 2, 2014
The use of risk management techniques and tools has become more common place in the past few decades, but have we really learned how to use them...

Compliance: The Necessary Evil

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Apr 2, 2014
Compliance: The Necessary Evil Compliance is not optional. Where process safety regulations are in place and enforced, failure to comply puts one’s...

Risk Assessment Challenges to 20:20 Vision

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Apr 1, 2014
A wide variety of hazard identification and risk analysis techniques are available. All techniques require knowledge in the fundamentals of the...

New Silicon-Carbide Joining Technology

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Apr 1, 2014
FM Technologies, Inc. (FMT) has developed new methods for joining SiC-to-SiC and SiC-to-metal for use in ethylene production. Global production of...

The Path to New Technology Commercialization

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Apr 1, 2014
For process developers, the commercialization of new process technology in the Hydrocarbon Processing Industries (HPI) is a difficult and almost...

Improve Furnace Availability and Control Downtime

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Apr 1, 2014
In 2008, Ethylene Producer's Committee sponsored a worldwide furnace maintenance survey among ethylene producers. Out of the 67 respondents, over 70...

Unknown Aspects of Metal Dust Explosions

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Apr 1, 2014
Dust explosions hazards have been addressed in a number of standards and guidelines aiming at supporting industry to work safely (including NFPA 61,...

"All in" Means "All the Time"

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Apr 1, 2014
Process safety must be the responsibility of all technical and operations personnel. As such, this responsibility is not limited to attendance at PHA...

Safety Research on Methanol-to-Olefins Process

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Apr 1, 2014
This paper introduces the present situation of methanol to olefin (MTO) process in China, Analyzed the safety technical requirement based on the...

Lightning Warning Techniques for Risk Mitigation

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Apr 1, 2014
Lightning can pose a threat to numerous processes associated with the production and handling of energetic materials and materials that may produce...

Chemical Explosion Isolation For Small Contained Vessels

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Apr 1, 2014
Particle size reduction equipment are used in many branches of the process industries, such as food, chemical, pharmaceutical and energy. According...

C2 Splitter Retray and Control Improvement

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Apr 1, 2014
As part of an ethylene production expansion project, C2 splitter trays were restructured in the plant’s turnaround in 2012. This change made a...

Real-Time Risk Assessment and Decision Support

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Apr 1, 2014
Managers and operators of major hazard facilities make complex decisions in hazardous situations as a part of their daily work activity. These...

Auditing IPLs -- Using Safety Critical Functions Manuals

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 31, 2014
The three criteria for an independent layer of protection (IPL) are effectiveness, independence, and auditability. The effectiveness and independence...

Popcorn Polymer Fouling in Light Ends Units

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 31, 2014
Popcorn polymer fouling is thought to be exclusive to Butadiene plants, but in fact, there are dozens of isolated cases of popcorn polymer fouling...

Assessing Thermal Stability - the Challenge of Powders

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 31, 2014
Assessing the thermal stability of process materials and mixtures is an essential step in understanding the process safety profile of a process. Many...

Detail Analysis of Caustic Tower Fouling Mechanism

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 31, 2014
To ensure the successful chemical treatment of a caustic system, fouling mechanisms must be identified and their respective contributions to the...

Star LNG: a Family of Small-to-Mid-Scale LNG Processes

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 31, 2014
Linde Engineering has successfully developed and marketed a range of processes, which cover the range between 50 t/d and 5,000 t/d LNG product. These...

Infiltration Hazards for Building Siting Studies

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 31, 2014
While facility siting studies have been a requirement for many years, specifically for facilities that must comply with OSHA’s PSM program, only...

Advances in Automation: Wireless the Enabler

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 31, 2014
Older refineries and petrochemical facilities were built with the minimum amount of instrumentation, only that which was necessary to safely operate...

Moving Forward as On-Line Analyzers Improve

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 31, 2014
Online analyzers and sensors offer significant improvements to processes. They greatly enhance process control helping to insure consistent product...

Developments in EPA's Ethylene Standard

AIChE Spring Meeting and Global Congress on Process Safety
Mar 31, 2014
It has been more than 10 years since the finalization of EPA’s Ethylene Production rules that regulate hazardous air pollutants at ethylene...
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